Anadwa VKh

Anadwa VKh - 1916
Anadwa VKh

The construction of the Anadwa VKh used two Anatra D fuselages, joined by a new wing that was still using elements of the Anade wing. The left fuselage was occupied by the pilot, and the right by an observer. The aircraft's gunner was located in a nacelle attached to the center of the upper wing providing an excellent defence capability. Early models were powered by a pair of 100hp Gnome-Monosoupape engines. Test flights started on July 9, 1916. The tests results were very favorable, but aircraft did not go into production. The reason for this might have been due to its weird design.

Anadwa VKh
  • Type: Light Bomber
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: Anatra Factories
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Engines: 2 × Gnome-Monosoupape 9 cylinder air-cooled Rotary,100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: (19 m)
  • Length: (7.7m)
  • Empty Weight: (1,280 kg)
  • Loaded weight: (1,930 0kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (140km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 13,123.36 ft (4,000 m)
  • Endurance: 3 hr
  • Crew: 3
  • Payload: (600 kg)

Anatra-DS

Anatra-DS 1916
Anatra-DS

The Anatra D, DS, and DSS were almost identical. Most of the differences between the aircraft were in the powerplant. Radiators were installed on the sides of the Plywood covered fuselage or under the nose section. The Anatra-DS was first flown on July 25, 1916, the "Anasal" entered mass production in 1917. There were 60 to 70 of these planes built, and in service during 1917.

Anatra-DS
  • Type: reconnaissance
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: Anatra Factories
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Powerplant: 1 ×Salmson Canton-Unne water cooled radial 150hp
  • Length: (8.1m)
  • Wingspan: (11.4m)
  • Empty Weight: (814kg)
  • Speed: 144km/h (150km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: (4300m)
  • Endurance: 3.5 hr
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 2 × machineguns

References

  1. "The Imperial Russian Air Service" Flying Machine Press, pp.338-344, p 488-491
  2. "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One" Flying Machine Press, p. 454
  3. Windsock Volume 2, No. 4, Winter, 1986, p. 19-21.

Mosca MB 2bis

Mosca MB 2bis 1916
Mosca MB 2bis

The Mosca MB 2bis is a smaller version of MB. It was fitted with a more powerful engine, and armed with single machinegun. One feature of the MB bis 2 was a folding wing that functioned in the same way as on its predecessor. The Mosca MB 2bis performed well in combat, despite the fact it was not equipped with synchronizer gear. On some Mosca MB-bis the gun was installed to fire above propeller arc.On other variants the propeller blades were protected by bullet-reflectors similar to the ones used on the Morane Saulnier N.
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Mosca MB 2bis
  • Type: Fighter
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Powerplant: 1× Rhône air-cooled rotary 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: (7.2 m)
  • Length: (6.1 m)
  • Empty Weight: (330 kg)
  • Gross Weight: (487 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (130 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: (3200 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 machinegun

Saveljev Quadruplane

Saveljev Quadruplane -1916
Saveljev Quadruplane

In 1916 V.F.Saveljev and Vladislav Zalevskij built this experimental 2-seat reconnaisence aircraft. It used fuselage from the “Morane-G” and single strut Quadruplane wing box tilted forward. The Quadruplane was powered by an 80hp engine when it was flown on April 15, 1916. According to the testpilot Ungmejster, “The aircraft is very responsive and may compete with the 165hp Albatros, But it needs a 100hp Monosaupape engine.” Later this engine was fitted with minor modifications, and aircraft performed numerous flights.

Saveljev Quadruplane
  • Type: Reconnaisence
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Engines:
    • Prototypes: Gnome or Clerget 9 cylinder air-cooled Rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
    • Production: Gnome-Monosoupape 9 cylinder air-cooled Rotary,100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: (8.5m / 9.3m)
  • Length: (6 m)
  • Empty Weight: (360kg / 400kg)
  • Loaded weight: (660kg / 700kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (116km/h / 132km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: more than (2000 m)
  • Endurance: 3 hr
  • Crew: 2

Voisin Ivanov

Voisin Ivanov
Voisin Ivanov

The Voisin Ivanov was esentialy a French Voisin LAS pusher biplane with substantial changes. As a result of fight tests the Voisin-Ivanov replaced the original French aircraft on production lines, most were produced in Anatra factories. More than 150 were built between 1916 and 1917. The aircraft was in service until 1922.

Voisin Ivanov
  • Type: Bomber, Ground Attack
  • National Origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: Anatra Factories
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Primary User: Imperial Russian Air Service
  • Number Built: over 150
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson P9 water cooled radial 150hp
  • Wingspan: 48 ft 4 in (14.74 m)
  • Length: 31 ft 2 in (9.50 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8 in (2.95 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2,094 lb (950 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,976 lb (1,350 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 57 knots, 65 mph (105 km/h) at sea level
  • Service Ceiling: (3500 m)
  • Endurance: 4.5 hourst
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 1× 0.303 in Lewis gun
    • Bombs: up to 91 kg (200 lb) of bombs