Rumpler C.I

Rumpler C.I - 1915
Rumpler C.I

Entering service in 1915, the Rumpler C.I, a two-seater single-engine reconnaissance biplane, was one of the first German C-type aircraft, and also one of the longest serving in its class during World War I, being retired from the last front line units only in early 1918.

The C.I was a successful design, and it was used on Western and Eastern Fronts, Macedonia, Salonika and Palestine. Early production examples were armed only with a single Parabellum machine gun on a Schneider ring mounting, but later aircraft had additionally a synchronised Spandau gun on the port side of fuselage. When used as a light bomber the C.I could also carry 100 kg of bombs.

In addition to the parent company, the Bayerische Rumpler-Werke, the Rumpler C.I was also produced by several other companies, including: the Germania Flugzeug-Werke, the Märkische Flugzeug-Werke, the Hannoversche Waggonfabrik and Albert Rinne Flugzeug-Werke. Variants included the C.Ia, which used a 180 hp Argus As.III engine instead of Mercedes D.III, the C.II, of which there's no evidence that any were actually built, 6B-1 single-seat floatplane fighter, and a Rumpler-built batch of C.Is intended for training which omitted the gun ring in the rear cockpit and was powered by a 150 hp Benz Bz.III.

It was this training role in which the C.I was latterly used, its friendly handling qualities making it suitable to be flown even by inexperienced pilots.

Rumpler C.I
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer:
    • Bayerische Rumpler-Werke
    • Germania Flugzeug-Werke
    • Märkische Flugzeug-Werke
    • Hannoversche Waggonfabrik
    • Albert Rinne Flugzeug-Werke
  • Introduced: 1915
  • Primary Users: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Produced: 1915 - 1917
  • Variants: Rumpler 6B-1
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.III water-cooled in-line, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 12.15 m (ft in)
  • Wing area: 35.70 m² (ft)
  • Length: 7.85 m (ft in)
  • Height: 3.05 m (ft in)
  • Empty Weight: kg (lb)
  • Loaded Weight: 1330 kg (lb)
  • Maximum Speed: 152 km/h at sea level (mph at ft)
  • Service Ceiling: 5050 m 16,579 ft (ft)
  • Range: 4 hours of flying time
  • Crew: 2, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 1 × fixed, forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine gun with an interruptor gear on the port side of the fuselage (in later aircraft only)
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun on a Schneider ring mounting
    • Bombs: 10 × 10 kg bombs

References

  1. From Wikipedia Rumpler C.I "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumpler_C.I"
  2. Munson, Kenneth - Bombers, "Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft 1914-1919" ISBN 0 7537 0918 X
  3. Munson, Kenneth - "Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft 1914-1919" ISBN 0 7537 0916 3

Rumpler C.IV-VII

Rumpler C.IV - 1917
Rumpler C.IV

The Rumpler C.IV-VII were virtually indistinguishable from the outside. This aircraft flew with the unit Flieger-Abteilung(A ) 253 during the late summer of 1918. Leutnant der Reserve Hanns-Gerd Rabe flew numerous long range patrols. The aircraft's high ceiling kept it relatively safe from pursuing Allied fighters.

The Rumpler C.IV was a German single-engine, two-seat reconnaissance biplane. The C.IV was a development of C.III with different tail surfaces and using a Mercedes D.IVa engine in place of C.III's Benz Bz.IV. In addition to the parent company, the aircraft was also built by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke as the Pfalz C.I. Another variant of the basic design was the Rumpler 6B-2 single-seat floatplane fighter, with a 120 kW (160 hp) Mercedes D.III engine, built for the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy).
[Read more]

Rumpler C.IV
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Rumpler Flugzeugwerke
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Length: 27 ft 7 in (8.41 m)
  • Wingspan: 41 ft 6.5 in (12.66 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2,376 lb (1,080 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 3,366 lb (1,530 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IVa water-cooled in-line, 260 hp (194 kW)
  • Maximum Speed: 171 km/h (92 kn, 107 mph) at 1,640 ft (500 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
  • Endurance: 3.5-4 hr
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • Guns:
    • 1 × fixed, forward-firing 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15
    • 1 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) “Parabellum” MG14 machine gun on a ring mounting
    • Bombs: 220 lb (100 kg)

References

  1. From Wikipedia Rumpler C-IV "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumpler_C.IV"
  2. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London, Putnam, 1962.
  3. Munson, Kenneth. "Aircraft of World War I". London: Ian Allen, 1967. ISBN 07110 0356.
  4. Munson, Kenneth. "Bombers, Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft 1914-1919". ISBN 0 7537 0918 X
  5. Munson, Kenneth. "Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft 1914-1919". ISBN 0 7537 0916 3

Rumpler D.I

Rumpler D.I - 1917
Rumpler D.I

The Rumpler D.I (factory designation 8D1) was a fighter-reconnaissance aircraft produced in Germany at the end of World War I. It was a conventional single-bay biplane with wings of unequal span braced by I-struts. It featured an open cockpit and a fixed, tailskid undercarriage. The upper wing was fitted with aerodynamically balanced ailerons and fuselage had an oval cross-section.
[Read more]

Rumpler D.I
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Rumpler
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • First flight : 1917
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III, six-cylinder water-cooled inline engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 27 ft 8 in (8.42 m)
  • Length: 18 ft 10 in (5.75 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 5 in (2.56 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,390 lb (630 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 1,860 lb (846 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (180 km/h)
  • Range: 3230 miles (60 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 23,000 ft (7,000 m)
  • Crew: one
  • Armament: 2 × fixed, forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. "Rumpler D.I", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumpler_D.I
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 534-237.
  3. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing, 1985, p. 2834.
  4. Kroschel, Günter and Helmut Stützer. "Die Deutschen Militärflugzeuge 1910-1918" (in German). Wilhelmshaven: Herford Verlag, E.S. Mittler & Sohn, 1994. ISBN 3-920602-18-8.
  5. Murphy, Justin D. "Military Aircraft: Origins to 1918: An Illustrated History of their Impact". Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 2005. ISBN 1-85109-488-1.
  6. Taylor, Michael J. H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions, 1989, pp. 771-772. ISBN 0-51710-316-8.

Rumpler G.I, G.II and G.III

Rumpler G.I - 1915
Rumpler G.I - 1915

The Rumpler G.I was a bomber aircraft produced in Germany during World War I, together with refined versions known as the G.II and G.III. Based on a prototype with the factory designation 4A15, the G.I and its successors were built to a conventional bomber design for their time, two-bay biplanes with unstaggered wings of unequal span. The pilot sat in an open cockpit just forward of the wings, and open positions were provided the nose and amidships for a gunner and observer. The engines were mounted pusher-fashion in nacelles atop the lower wings and enclosed in streamlined cowlings. Fixed tricycle undercarriage was fitted, with dual wheels on each unit.

The G.II version was almost identical, but featured more powerful engines and carried a second 0.312 in (7.92 mm) machine gun and increased bombload. The G.III was again similar, but had engine nacelles that were now mounted on short struts clear of the lower wing.

Rumpler G.III
  • Type: Bomber aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Rumpler
  • First Flight: 1915
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: ca 220
  • Powerplant: 2 × Mercedes D.IV, 260 hp (190 kW) each
  • Wingspan: 63 ft 4 in (19.30 m)
  • Wing Area: 785 ft² (73.0 m²)
  • Length: 39 ft 4 in (12.00 m)
  • Height: 19 ft 2 in (4.50 m)
  • Empty Weight: 5,203 lb (2,365 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 7,964 lb (3,620 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 103 mph 165 km/h()
  • Service Ceiling: 16,000 ft (5,000 m)
  • Range: 440 mi (700 km)
  • Crew: Three
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Forward: 1 × trainable 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in nose
    • Gun - Rear: 1 × trainable 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in dorsal position
    • Bombs: 250 kg (550 lb) of bombs

References

  1. From Wikipedia Rumpler G.I, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumpler_G.I"
  2. Gray, Peter; Owen Thetford (1962). German Aircraft of the First World War. London: Putnam.
  3. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing.
  4. Kroschel, Günter; Helmut Stützer (1994). Die Deutschen Militärflugzeuge 1910-1918. Herford: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn.
  5. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.

Rumpler-6B

Rumpler 6B - 1916
Rumpler 6B

Rumpler 6B was a German single-engine floatplane fighter with biplane wing structure, designed and built by Rumpler Flugzeugwerke, in Berlin Johannisthal and introduced in 1916.

Born out of requirement of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) for a seaplane fighter, the Rumpler 6B, was, like its contemporaries Albatros W.4 and Hansa-Brandenburg W.9, an adaptation of an existing landplane design. In Rumpler's case the new floatplane fighter was based on company's two-seat C.I reconnaissance aircraft. The modifications included adding forward stagger to wings, removal of the second (observer's) cockpit and fitting a larger rudder to offset the increased side area caused by the addition of floats. In the production aircraft, the area of horizontal tail surfaces was also slightly reduced. The armament consisted of a fixed, forward-firing 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun mounted on port side of the engine block.
[Read more]

Rumpler 6B-1
  • Type: Floatplane fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Rumpler Flugzeugwerke
  • First flight: 1916
  • Introduced: 1916
  • Retired: 1920s
  • Primary Users:
    • German Air Force
    • Finnish Air Force
    • Bulgarian Navy
  • Produced: 1916 - 1918
  • Number built: 88
  • Developed from: Rumpler C.I
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.III 6-cylinder, liquid cooled inline engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 39 ft 6 in (12.05 m)
  • Wing area: 387.5 ft² 36.00 m²()
  • Length: 30 ft 10 in (9.40 m)
  • Maximum Takeoff Weight: 2,513 lb (1,140 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 83 kn, 95 mph (153 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Range: 4 hours (of flying time)
  • Crew: One, pilot
  • Armament: 1 × fixed, forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 with an interruptor gear

References

  1. Rumpler 6B. (2010, August 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:45, August 17, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumpler_6B&oldid=379054154
  2. Y.Milanov: "The aviation in Bulgaria in the wars from 1912 to 1945", Vol.I. Sveti Gueorgui Pobedonosetz, Sofia, 1995 (in Bulgarian)
  3. Munson, Kenneth - "Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft 1914 - 1919 ISBN 0 7537 0916 3
  4. Keskinen, Kalevi; Partonen, Kyösti and Stenman, Kari: "Suomen Ilmavoimat I 1918-27", 2005. ISBN 952-99432-2-9.
  5. Keskinen, Kalevi; Stenman, Kari and Niska, Klaus: "Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneet 1918-1939", Tietoteos, 1976.