Nieuport 10

The Nieuport 10 biplane was originally designed for racing, this light plane was fast and relatively maneuverable. Its major design problems were its fragility, and its lack of a synchronized machine gun. Most were exported to Russia, Italy and Britian

Nieuport 10
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: 1914
  • Powerplant: “Gnome” Lambda, air cooled 7 cylinder rotary, 80 hp. (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: 8.20 m
  • Length: 7.10 m
  • Empty Weight: 658 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 658 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 140 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 4570 m
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 10, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_10"
  2. Cheesman, E.F. (ed.) "Fighter aircraft of the 1914-1918 War" Letchwordth, Harleyford 1960, p.90.

Nieuport 11

Nieuport 11 "Bébé" (baby) - 1915

The small Nieuport 11 biplane was affectionately known as the "Bébé" (baby). Originally designed for racing, this light plane was fast and extremely maneuverable. Its only major problem was in the design of its wing struts. In a steep dive, the struts allowed the wings to twist, sometimes with disastrous results. Used by the British and French to counter the Fokker E.III, the Nieuport 11 was disadvantaged by its lack of a synchronized machine gun.

Nieuport 11
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: July 1915
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder, rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wing Span: 24 ft 9 in 7.55 m
  • Length: 19 ft 0.66 in 5.8 m
  • Height: 8 ft 0.5 in 2.45 m
  • Loaded Weight: 1,060 lb 480 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 97 mph 156 km/h at sea level
  • Ceiling: 15,090 ft 4,600 m
  • Endurance: 2 hrs 30 mins
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun, on the upper wing

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 11, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_11"
  2. Angelucci, Enzio, ed. "The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft". New York: The Military Press, 1983, p. 53. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps" (Military Wing). London:Putnam, 1982, p.326. ISBN 0 370 30084 x.
  4. Chant, Christopher and Michael J.H. Taylor. "The World's Greatest Aircraft". Edison NJ: Cartwell Books Inc., 2007, p. 14. ISBN 0-7858-2010-8.
  5. Cheesman E.F., ed. "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960, p. 92. ISBN 978-0-8306-8350-5.
  6. Cooksley, Peter. "Nieuport Fighters in Action". Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-89747-377-9.
  7. Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the 20th Century Weapons and Warfare". London: Purnell & Sons Ltd., 1967/1969, p. 1989. ISBN 0-8393-6175-0.

Nieuport 12

Nieuport 12
Nieuport 12

The Nieuport 12 was a French biplane fighter aircraft used by both Great Britain and France during World War I. To improve the performance of the Nieuport 10 a larger and re-engined version was developed as the Nieuport 12. A 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun was fitted to the rear cockpit for use of the observer and the pilot sometimes had a 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun fixed to the upper wing firing over the propeller. Late examples of the type, used by the Royal Flying Corps were sometimes fitted with a Nieuport or Scarff ring mounting for the observer's gun, and a synchronized fixed-forward firing 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun for the pilot.

It could be fitted with either a 100 hp (82 kW) or 130 hp (97 kW) Clerget engine mounted in the nose.

Variants

Nieuport 12 A.2 prototype
  • Type: Fighter/Reconnaisance
  • Country: France
  • First Introduced: 1915
  • Manufacturer: Societe Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport
  • Designed by: Gustave Delage
  • Primary Users:
    • France: Aéronautique Militaire
    • Russian Empire: Imperial Russian Air Service
    • United Kingdom: Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service
  • Developed from: Nieuport 10
  • Powerplant: 1 × Clerget 9B, 9 cylinder, air cooled rotary engine, 110 hp (82 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 7.5 in (9.03 m)
  • Wing Area: 237 ft² (22.0 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 6 in (7.3 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 11 in (2.67 m)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,028 lb (920 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 98 mph (155 km/h) at sea level
  • Endurance: 2.75 hours
  • Service Ceiling: 15,420 ft (4,700 m)
  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Armament:
    • Gun Pilot: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun braced to upper wing
    • Gun Observer: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit

References

  1. Nieuport 12. (2009, November 11). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:04, July 23, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nieuport_12&oldid=325199574
  2. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft" (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. pp. 2597.
  3. Bruce, J.M. (1982). "The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps" (Military Wing). London: Putnam, p.320, p.323-324. ISBN 0 370 30084 x.
  4. Green, W; Swanborough, G (1994). "The Complete Book of Fighters". Smithmark, p.431. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
  5. Thetford, Owen (1978). "British Naval Aircraft since 1912" (Fourth Edition ed.). London: Putnam, p.263. ISBN 0 85177 861 5.

Nieuport 17

Nieuport 17 - 1917
Nieuport 17 - 1917

Many of the French and British aces began their careers flying the Nieuport 17. The highly maneuverable "Superbébé" was a larger, improved version of the Nieuport 11. Like its predecessor, it was initially equipped with a Lewis gun but was upgraded to a synchronized Vickers machine gun. Helping end Germany's domination of the air war, the Nieuport 17 easily outclimbed and outperformed the Fokker E.III. The superior design was so successful that German high command ordered it copied.

Nieuport 17
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: March 1916
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9J, 9 cylinder air cooled radial, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Wing Span: 26 ft 11 in 8.22 m
  • Length: 18 ft 10 in 5.74 m
  • Height: 7 ft 10 in
  • Empty Weight: 827 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 1246 lb 565 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph 177 kmh
  • Service Ceiling: 17,388 ft 5,300 m
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun and/or 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 17, "From Wikipedia Nieuport 17"
  2. Bruce, Jack. "Those Classic Nieuports". Air Enthusiast Quarterly. Number Two, 1976. Bromley, UK:Pilot Press. pp. 137-153.
  3. Cheesman E.F., ed. "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918" War. Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960.
  4. Cooksley, Peter. "Nieuport Fighters in Action". Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-89747-377-9.

Nieuport 23

Nieuport 23 1917
Belgian Nieuport 23 flown by Edmond Thieffry

The Nieuport 23 was a fighter aircraft produced in France during the First World War. It was a development of the Nieuport 17 intended to address structural weakness of the earlier type, and most were produced with a lighter version of the Le Rhône 9J engine that powered the Nieuport 17, offering a better power-to-weight ratio. Internally, the main difference between the Types 17 and 23 was a redesigned wing spar in the upper wing. This, however, did not prove satisfactory, and when the fighter displayed an unacceptably high accident rate due to shedding its wings in flight, the Général chef du service aéronautique ordered that either additional reinforcement be added to the wings or that the type be withdrawn from service. One hundred and fifty new sets of wings were ordered to keep the type flying.
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Nieuport 23
  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Nieuport
  • First flight: 1917
  • Primary user: Aéronautique Militaire
  • Developed from: Nieuport 17
  • Crew: 1, pilot
  • Length: 6.40 m (21 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.20 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 2.40 m (7 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 14.8 m² ( ft²)
  • Empty weight: 355 kg (781 lb)
  • Gross weight: 574 kg (1,263 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9Jb, 90 kW (120 hp)
  • Maximum speed: 168 km/h (105 mph)
  • Endurance: 1 hours 7 min
  • Service ceiling: 6,500 m (21,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.8 m/s (1,100 ft/min)
  • Armament: 1 × fixed, forward-firing .303 Vickers machine gun

References

  1. "Avion Nieuport 23C.1 (France, 1915) (N-5024)". Musée Royal de l'Armée et d'Histoire Militaire website. http://klm.web.shphosting.com/klm_cdml/fmpro?-db=klm_catalogus.fp5&-lay=web&_k_recordID=12977357&-format=catalogusdetailobj.cdml&-token.1=2&-find. Retrieved 2008-12-11
  2. "Nieuport 23". (2010, November 1). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:59, January 23, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nieuport_23&oldid=394267675
  3. Bruce, J.M. "Nieuport 17", p22. 1990 Berkhamsted: Albatros Publications.
  4. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing.
  5. Kowalski, Tomasz J. "Nieuport 1-27". 2003, p 18. Lublin: Kagero.
  6. Sanger, Ray "Nieuport Aircraft of World War One". 2002, p 49. Ramsbury: Crowood.
  7. Taylor, Michael J. H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation", p 697. 1989. London: Studio Editions.

Nieuport 24

Nieuport 24
Nieuport 24 Flown by William Hérisson Escidrille 75-S
Nieuport 24 bis
Nieuport 24bis 501th Escadrille

The Nieuport 24 was a French biplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage as a replacement for the successful Nieuport 17.

The Nieuport 24 introduced a new fuselage of improved aerodynamic form, rounded wingtips, and a tail unit incorporating a small fixed fin and a curved rudder. The tail skid was sprung internally and had a neater appearance than that on earlier Nieuports. A 130 hp Le Rhône rotary engine was fitted.
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Nieuport 24bis.
  • Type: fighter / advanced trainer
  • Manufacturer: Nieuport / British Nieuport and General Aircraft Co.
  • Designed by: Gustave Delage
  • First flight: 1917
  • Primary users:
  • France: Aéronautique Militaire
  • Britian: Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône air-cooled 9 cylinder rotary engine 130 hp (97 kW)
  • Length: 19 ft 3.5 in (5.88 m)
  • Wingspan: 26 ft 10 in (8.18 m)
  • Height: 8 ft (2.44 m)
  • Empty weight: 782 lb (354 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,200 lb (544 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 116 mph (187 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 18,200 ft (5,550 m)
  • Rate of climb: 22 min to 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Crew: One
  • Armament:
    • Guns:
    • French service: 1× synchronised 0.303 (7.7 mm) fixed forward-firing machine gun
    • British service: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun on Foster mounting on upper wing

References

  1. Nieuport 24. (2010, July 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10: 18, July 23, 2010, from http: //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nieuport_24&oldid=373176479
  2. "Nieuport Fighters in Action" published by Squadron/Signal Publications.
  3. Bruce, Jack M. "More Nieuport Classics". Air Enthusiast, Number Five, November 1977-February 1978. Bromley, Kent, UK: Pilot Press. pp. 14-28.
  4. Cheesman E.F. (ed.) Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War Letchworth, Harletford Publications, 1960 pp. 96-97

Nieuport 27

Nieuport 27
Nieuport 27

The Nieuport 27 was a French biplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage. The model 27 was the last of the line of Nieuport "V-strut" single seat fighters stemming from the Bébé of early 1916. When introduced, the Nieuport 27 was widely used by the United States Air Service. It was faster than the Nieuport 17 and was armed with twin machine guns. The Nieuport 27 shared the same defect as previous models, it tended to lose fabric from the upper wing. For this reason it was unpopular with pilots and was soon replaced by the new SPAD XIII.

The Nieuport 27's design closely followed the early form of the 24, including its semi-rounded rear fuselage and rounded wingtips and ailerons. The structural problems with the redesigned, rounded tail surfaces of the 24, which had resulted in the use of a Nieuport 17 type tail in the 24bis., were by now overcome, so that the new version was able to standardise on the new tail. By now most Nieuport fighters were actually used as advanced trainers, and the 130 hp Le Rhône Rotary engine of the 24bis. was often replaced by a 110 or 120 hp version. The trainers were not normally fitted with machine guns.
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Nieuport 27
  • Type: fighter / advanced trainer
  • Manufacturer: Nieuport, Nieuport-Macchi
  • Designed by: Gustave Delage
  • First flight: 1917
  • Developed From: Nieuport 24
  • Primary Users:
    • France Aéronautique Militaire
    • Great Britian Royal Flying Corps
    • Italy: Corpo Aeronautico Militare
    • United States: United States Air Service
  • Wingspan: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
  • Length: 5.88 m (19 ft 3.5 in)
  • Height: 2.44 m (8 ft)
  • Empty weight: 354 kg (782 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 544 kg (1200 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1× Le Rhone 9 cylinder, air cooled Rotary, 90 kW (120 hp)
  • Maximum Speed: 116 mph (187 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 5,550 m (18,210 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 22 min to 5000 m (16,400 ft)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: One
  • Armament:
    • French/Italian service: 1 × synchronised Vickers machine gun
    • British service: 1 × Lewis gun on Foster mounting on upper wing

References

  1. Nieuport 27. (2010, May 24). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:04, July 25, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nieuport_27&oldid=363829903
  2. Cooksley, Peter, Ernesto Cumpian, and Don Greer. "Nieuport Fighters in Action" Aircraft No. 167, Squadron/Signal Publications; 1st edition (September 1997) ISBN-10: 0897473779 ISBN-13: 978-0897473774
  3. Cheesman E.F. (ed.) "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918" War Letchworth, Harletford Publications, 1960 pp. 96-97
  4. Davilla, Dr. James J. and Arthur Soltan "French Aircraft of the First World War" Paladin Press, January 1999 ISBN: 0963711040 ISBN-13: 9780963711045
  5. Bingham, Hiram Jr."An Explorer in the Air",Yale University Press Reprint Mar 2010 General Books ISBN: 1153865181

Nieuport 28

Nieuport 28 - 1917
Nieuport 28

Rejected by the French and British air services, the Nieuport 28 was the first biplane fighter received in large numbers by squadrons of the United States Air Service. A favorite with aces like Harold Hartney, it was fast and maneuverable but had a tendency to shed its upper wing fabric if its pilot pulled out of a steep dive too quickly. The Nieuport 28 was replaced by the less maneuverable SPAD S.XIII.
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Nieuport 28
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: 1917
  • Powerplant: Gnome Monosoupape 9N, 9 cylinder rotary, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wing Span: 26 ft 9 in 8.15 m
  • Length: 21 ft 6.40 m
  • Height: 8 ft 1.75 in 2.5 m
  • Loaded Weight: 1,627 lb 737 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 122 mph 196 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 16,995 ft 5,180 m
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 28, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_28"
  2. Cheesman E.F. (ed.) "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960, p. 94, pp. 98-99, p. 106.
  3. Cooksley, Peter. "Nieuport Fighters in Action" (Aircraft No. 167). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-89747-377-9.
  4. Dorr, Robert F. and David Donald. "Fighters of the United States Air Force". London: Aerospace Publishing, 1990. ISBN 0-60055-094-X.
  5. Treadwell, Terry C. "America's First Air War". London: Airlife Publishing, 2000, pp. 16-17. ISBN 1-84037-113-7.

Nieuport Triplane Nie-11C

Nieuport Triplane Nie-11C - 1916 Nieuport Triplane - 1916
Nieuport Triplane

The Nieuport Triplane was an experimental design built by the French and tested by the British Royal Flying Corps. As with many of the attempts to build successful triplanes by aircraft manufactures, the design was doomed to failure. The design was never adopted as a production aircraft because of the poor handling characteristics due to the aircraft's unusual wing configuration.
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Nieuport Triplane Nie-11C
  • Type: Experimental Triplane Fighter
  • National Origin: France
  • Designer: Gustave Delage
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Établissements Nieuport
  • First Flight: Late 1916
  • Retired: 1917
  • Primary User:
    • France: Section Technique de l'Aéronautique
    • Britian: Royal Flying Corps
  • Status: Prototype
  • Number built: Unknown
  • Airframes:
    • Nieuport Nie. X 2-seater
    • Nieuport Nie 17
  • Powerplant: 1× Le Rhône 9J rotary engine, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Length: 24 ft 0.5 in
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun mounted forward of the cockpit