Caproni Ca.20

Caproni Ca.20
Caproni Ca.20

The Caproni Ca.20 was one of the first real fighter planes. Only one was build and first flown in early 1914. It was designed as an offensive weapon platform: A monoplane that integrated a movable, forward-firing 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun two feet above the pilot's head, firing over the propeller arc. The gun had a false sight at eye level so that the Ca 20's pilot could aim through the propeller arc at the enemy aircraft while the gun fired from above. Its 110 hp. (82 kW) Le Rhône, 9 cylinder rotary engine gave the plane a top speed of 102 mph and with its streamlined, enclosed spinner inlet, it was one of the best performing planes of its time.

Caproni Ca.20
  • Country: Italy
  • Designer: Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni
  • Manufacturer: Caproni
  • First Flight: 1914
  • Power Plant: 1 × Le Rhône, 9 cylinder rotary engine, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Serial Number: 1
  • Wingspan: 26ft (7.92 m)
  • Wing Area: 144ft² (13.38 m²)
  • Length: 27ft (8.36 m)
  • Height: 10ft ( 2.90 m)
  • Empty Weight: 778 lbs (352.90 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 103 miles/h (165.73 km/h)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun