Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VII - 1918
Fokker D.VII

The Fokker D.VII is widely regarded as the best German aircraft of the war. Its development was championed by Manfred von Richthofen. In January 1918, Richthofen tested the D.VII in the trials at Adlershof but never had an opportunity to fly it in combat. He was killed just days before it entered service. When introduced, the D.VII was not without problems. On occasion its wing ribs would fracture in a dive or high temperatures would cause the gas tank to explode. Even so, the D.VII proved to be durable and easy to fly. As noted by one authority, it had “an apparant ability to to make a good pilot out of mediocre material.”. When equipped with the BMW engine, the D.VII could outclimb any Allied opponent it encountered in combat. Highly maneuverable at all speeds and altitudes, it proved to be more than a match for any of the British or French fighter planes of 1918.

Fokker D.VII
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: End of April, 1918
  • Number Built: 840
  • Engines:
    • Mercedes D-III 6 cylinder in-line, 160 hp (120 kW)
    • BMW IIIa in-line, 185 hp. (138 kW)
  • Wing Span: 29 ft 3 in (8.93 m)
  • Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.93 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 2 in (2.80 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,540 lb (698 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,874 lb (850 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 116 mph (186 km/h) - Mercedes 124 mph - BMW
  • Service Ceiling: 19,600 ft (5,970 m) Mercedes 21,000 ft BMW
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.VII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VII
  2. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. German Aircraft of the First World War. London: Putnam, 1962.
  3. Owers, Colin. "The post-1918 career of the Fokker D.VII: Part One". Air Enthusiast, No. 60, November-December 1995, pp. 63-70. ISSN 0143 5450.
  4. Owers, Colin. "The post-1918 career of the Fokker D.VII: Part Two". Air Enthusiast, No. 61, January-February 1996, pp. 52-63. ISSN 0143 5450.
  5. Swanborough, Gordon and Bowers, Peter M. "United States Military Aircraft since 1908". London:Putnam, 1963.
  6. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker E.V - D.VIII

Fokker E.V - D.VII - 1918I
Fokker E.V - D.VIII

Winner of the April 1918 fighter competition, the Fokker D.VIII monoplane was delayed by production problems. Only thirty six of them entered service during the last weeks of the war. Equipped with an underpowered engine, the D.VIII was nevertheless an excellent fighter eagerly received by the German air service. Dubbed the “Flying Razor” by Allied pilots, it had the distinction of scoring the last aerial victory of the war.

Fokker E.V - D.VIII
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: About 290
  • Engine: Oberursel UR-II, 9 cylinder rotary, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Wing Span: 27 ft 6.75 in (8.40 m)
  • Length: 19 ft 4 in (5.86 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
  • Empty Weight: 384 kg (848 lb)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,238 lb
  • Maximum Speed: 127 mph (204 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 20,670 ft (6,300 m)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: × Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.VIII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VIII
  2. Connors, John F., "Fokker's Flying Razors", Wings, Granada Hills, California, August 1974, Volume 4, Number 4, pages 45, 48.
  3. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". 1988. ISBN 0-851778-17-8.

Junkers D.I

 Junkers D.I - 1918
Junkers D.I

The Junkers D.I (factory designation J 9) was a fighter aircraft produced in Germany late in World War I, significant for becoming the first all-metal fighter to enter service.

What really set the Junker D.I apart from any previous aircraft was it's cantilevered low-wing design and corrugated duralumin skin. Duralumin, the same metal used for Zeppelin construction, was light yet strong. The Junkers monoplane was rugid, fast, and agile. The D.I was every fighter pilots' dream. The design was a decade ahead of its time appearing a year too late.
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Junkers D.I
  • Manufacturer: Junkers-Fokker Flugzeugwerke AG.
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Powerplant: BMW IIIa, 6 cylinder, in-line, 185 hp. (138 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 6.3 in (9.00 m
  • Length: 23 ft 9.4 in (7.25 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 6 in (2.60 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,438 lb (654 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,834 lb (834 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 140 mph (225 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 19,700 ft (6,000 m)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: × Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns

References

  1. "Junkers D.I", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junkers_D.I
  2. Kay, Anthony L. "Junkers Aircraft and engines 1913-1945" p. 28 (2004). London: Putnam Aeronautical Books ISBN 0 85177 985 9
  3. Grosz, Peter; Terry, Gerard (1984). "The Way to the World's First All-Metal Fighter". Air Enthusiast 25 (August - November 1984): Pages 60-76. ISSN 0143-5450.
  4. Holmes, Tony (2005). "Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide". London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0 0071 9292 4.
  5. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 536.
  6. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 898 Sheet 1.

LFG Roland D.VI

LFG Roland D.VI - 1918
LFG Roland D.VIa

Roland D.VIa aircraft were received in the late Spring of 1918 and were still in use at the end of hostilities in November . The Roland D.VI was purported to have good handling qualities, but most pilots wanted the sensational Fokker D.VII. The clinker built body of the Roland D.VI was final refinement of all the shark-like designs that had come before it.

Roland D.VI
  • Manufacturer: Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft (L.F.G.)
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: About 150
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIa,6 cylinder in-line, 180 hp. (134 kW)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 10.77 in (9.42 m)
  • Length: 20 ft 8.77 in (6.32 m)
  • Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2.25 in)
  • Empty Weight: 656 kg (1,446 lb)
  • Loaded Weight: 846 kg (1,865 lb)
  • Maximum Speed: 108 knots, 124 mph (199 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,790 m)
  • Endurance: 2 hr
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2× 7.92 mm LMG08/15 machine guns

References

  1. "LFG Roland D.VI", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LFG_Roland_D.VI
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, pp. 166-167.
  3. Gray, Peter Laurence. "German Aircraft of the First World War". Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1970.
  4. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p. 338. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

Pfalz D.VIII

Pfalz D.VIII - 1918
Pfalz D.VIII

The Pfalz D.VIII was a German World War I fighter aircraft.

The D.VIII was approved for production arising from German initiatives in 1918 to develop superior fighter aircraft. Its power unit, the Siemens-Halske Sh.III rotary enabled the type to achieve a top speed of 120mph at sea level. Armament was twin 7.92mm Spandau machine guns.

Forty units were completed but as this was very near the end of the war, they were used mostly for evaluation purposes.

Pfalz D-VIII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • First Flight: 1918
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Produced: 1918
  • Number Built: 40
  • Powerplant: 1× Siemens-Halske Sh.III 11-cylinder geared rotary engine, 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 8½ in 7.52 m()
  • Wing Area: 186 ft² (17.2 m²)
  • Length: 18 ft 6½ in (5.65 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0½ in (2.75 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,195 lb (543 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,624 lb (738 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 103 knots, 118 mph (190 km/h)
  • Wing Loading: 8.73 lb/ft² (42.9 kg/m²)
  • Power/Mass: 0.099 hp/lb (0.16 kW/kg)
  • Endurance: 1½ hours
  • Climb to: 19,700 ft (6,000 m) 25 minutes
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: Guns: 2 × 0.31 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. "Pfalz D.VIII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_D.VIII
  2. Cowin, H. W. "German and Austrian Aviation of World War I". Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2000. ISBN 1-841-76069-2
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London:Putnam, 1962, p.509.
  4. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p.468. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

Pfalz Dr.I

Pfalz Dr.I -1918
Pfalz Dr.I - 1918

The Pfalz Dr.I was a German fighter prototype of World War I. Official interest in the potential of the triplane configuration for single-seat fighters prompted Pfalz to develop the Dr.I. It underwent initial testing in October 1917, and an initial batch of 10 aircraft were shipped to the Front and arrived in April 1918.

Service pilots involved in testing the Dr.I considered it too slow and its Sh III engine too unreliable for frontline use and no further examples were produced.

Pfalz Dr.I
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: October 1917
  • Introduced: April 1918
  • Retired: 1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number built: 10
  • Powerplant: 1 × Siemens-Halske Sh.III eleven cylinder geared rotary engine, 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 28 ft 0.66 in (8.55 m)
  • Wing Area: 185.14 ft² (17.20m²)
  • Length: 18 ft 0½ in (5.50m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0.66 in (2.76 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,124 lb (510 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,554 lb (705 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 118 mph (190 km/h) 118mph (190km/h) at 13,125 ft (4,000m)
  • Time to: 5,000 m 13.5 minutes
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2 × synchronised LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Pfalz Dr.I, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_Dr.I"
  2. William Green and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". Colour Library Direct, Godalming, UK: 1994. ISBN 1-85833-777-1.

Pfalz D.XII

Pfalz D.XII
Pfalz D.XII

The Pfalz D.XII was the successor to the Pfalz D.IIIa series fighter. They were received into service in late summer of 1918. It was a sturdy, agile, and well designed fighter that nearly rivaled the famed Fokker D.VII in performance. Though the D.XII was an effective fighter aircraft, it was overshadowed by the highly successful Fokker D.VII. It was not produced in great numbers due to the amount of time needed to form the plywood fuselage.

Pfalz D.XII
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: 800
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIa 180 hp. (134 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 6 in (9 m)
  • Length: 21 ft (6.35 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.70 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,746 lb (792 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,989 lb (902 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 106 mph (170 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 18,500 ft (5,640 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × 7.92 mm LMG 08/15 Spandau machine guns

References

  1. "Pfalz D.XII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_D.XII
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 191-192, p. 504. ISBN 0-93385-271-1.
  3. Herris, Jack. "Pfalz Aircraft of World War I" (Great War Aircraft in Profile, Volume 4). Boulder, Colorado: Flying Machine Press, 2001, p. 87, pp. 101-102, p. 104. ISBN 1-891268-15-5.
  4. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Pfalz Scout Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 71). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2006, p. 85-86, p. 88. ISBN 1-84176-998-3.
  5. Weyl, Alfred Richard. "Fokker: The Creative Years." London: Putnam, 1965, p. 322. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.
  6. Wynne, H. Hugh. "The Motion Picture Stunt Pilots and Hollywood's Classic Aviation Movies". Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, 1987, p. 97. ISBN 0-93312-685-9.

Siemens-Schuckert D.IV

Siemens-Schuckert D.IV - 1918
Siemens-Schuckert D.IV

Modified wing construction and an improved rotary engine made the Siemens-Schuckert D.IV a better aircraft than its predecessor the D.III. Considered superior to the Fokker D.VII, it entered service in small numbers, too late to have much of an impact on the outcome of the air war.

The planes started reaching operational units in August, but of the 280 ordered only 123 were completed by the end of the war, about half of those reaching operational units. In October 1918 it was officially described as superior by far to all single-seaters in use.

Siemens-Schuckert D.IV
  • Manufacturer: Siemens-Schuckert Werke
  • Type: Fighter
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Number Built: 123
  • Powerplant: Siemens-Halske Sh.III, 11 cylinder rotary, 160hp. (120 kW)
  • Length: 18.70ft (5.70m)
  • Wiing Span: 27.40ft (8.35m)
  • Height: 8.92ft (2.72m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,190lbs (540kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,620lbs (735kg)
  • Max Speed: 118mph (190kmh)
  • Service Ceiling: 26,000 ft in 20 mins
  • Service Ceiling: 26,247ft (8,000m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2× 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. "Siemens-Schuckert D.IV", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siemens-Schuckert_D.IV
  2. Gray, Peter, and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London:Putnam, 1962, p.216-217.
  3. Munson, Kenneth. "Aircraft of World War I". London: Ian Allen, 1967. ISBN 0 7110 0356 4.