Fokker Eindecker

Fokker E.III - 1915
Fokker E.I Eindecker

Max Immelmann scored his first victory flying the “Eindecker.” Scourge of the air during the winter of 1915, the Fokker E.I was the first aircraft armed with a synchronized, forward firing machine gun. German pilots were ordered not to fly it across enemy lines for fear the Allies would capture the secrets of the synchronizing gear. Followed by the E.II, E.III and E.IV, the Eindecker was underpowered and slow but could out turn most of its opponents. Allied aviators who faced it called themselves “Fokker Fodder” The Eindecker ruled the skies until the Nieuports and SPADs were developed.

The Fokker Eindecker was a German World War I monoplane single-seat fighter aircraft designed by Dutch engineer Anthony Fokker. Developed in April 1915, the Eindecker ("Monoplane") was the first purpose-built German fighter aircraft and the first aircraft to be fitted with synchronizer gear, enabling the pilot to fire a machine gun through the arc of the propeller without striking the blades. The Eindecker granted the German Air Service a degree of air superiority from July 1915 until early 1916. This period was known as the "Fokker Scourge," during which Allied aviators regarded their poorly armed aircraft as "Fokker Fodder". The Eindecker was based on Fokker's unarmed A.III scout (itself following very closely the design of the French Morane-Saulnier H shoulder-wing monoplane) which was fitted with a synchronizer mechanism controlling a single Parabellum MG14 machine gun. Anthony Fokker personally demonstrated the system on 23 May 1915, having towed the prototype aircraft behind his touring car to a military airfield near Berlin.
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Fokker Eindecker E.III
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • First Flight: 23 May 1915 (modified M.5 serving as a E.1 prototype)
  • Number Built: 416
  • Variants:
    • Fokker M.5K/MG (A.III) - 5 built
    • Fokker E.I - 68 built
    • Fokker E.II - 49 built
    • Fokker E.III - 249 built
    • Fokker E.IV - 49 built
  • Powerplant: 1× Oberursel U.I 1 Rotary Engine, 99 hp (74 kW)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 2 in (9.52 m)
  • Wing Area: ft² (16 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 6 in (7.2 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 9 in (2.4 m)
  • Empty Weight: 882 lb (400 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,345 lb (610 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 76 kn (140 km/h)
  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Armament: 1 × synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun

References

  1. "Fokker Eindecker", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_Eindecker
  2. Boyne, Walter J. "The Smithsonian Book of Flight for Young People". Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1988. ISBN 0-689-31422-1.
  3. Dierikx, Marc. "Fokker: A Transatlantic Biography". Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997, p. 31. ISBN 1-56098-735-9.
  4. Grosz, Peter M. "Fokker E I/II (Windsock Datafile No. 91)". Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 2002, pp. 6-8. ISBN 1-90220-746-7.
  5. Grosz, Peter M. "Fokker E III (Windsock Datafile No. 15)". Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 1989. ISBN 0-94841-419-7.
  6. Jarrett, Phillip. "Database: The Fokker Eindeckers". Aeroplane Monthly, December 2004.
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Early German Aces of World War I" (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces 73), Botley, Oxfordshire, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2006, p. 9. ISBN 1-84176-997-5.