Taube

Taube
Gotha Taube

Developed in 1910 by Igor Etrich, the German Taube (dove) was built in large numbers by various manufacturers. It derived its name from the unique structure and shape of its wings. A slow, unarmed, two-seater monoplane, it entered service in the first year of the war and was used for observation and reconnaissance until 1916.

Taube
  • Manufacturer:
    • Albatros Werke GmbH
    • Deutsch Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
    • Gothaer Waggonfabrik AG
    • Luftfahrzeug GmbH
    • Rumpler Flugzeugwerk GmbH
  • Type: Reconnaissance
  • Entered Service: 1914
  • Powerplant: Mercedes D.I, 6 cylinder, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wing Span: 47 ft 7 in (14.5 m)
  • Length: 32 ft 10 in (10 m)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,257 lb (1,086 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 60 mph (96 km/h)
  • Endurance: 4 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: None

Pfalz A.I, A.II, E.III

Pfalz A.Ib - 1915
Pfalz A.I

The Pfalz A.I and A.II unarmed scouts were copies of the Morane-Saulnier L produced under licence in Germany by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke early in the First World War.

The A.1 was a was a fragile parasol wing airplane. The armed E.III varient became one of the first successful fighter aircraft when it was fitted with a single machine gun that fired through the arc of the propeller which was protected by armored deflector wedges. Its immediate effectiveness in this role launched an arms race of fighter development and the A.I and A.II were quickly rendered obsolete. The A.I used wing warping for lateral control.

Three Pfalz AII's were utilized by the Ottoman Empire in an attempt to combat the growing threat of the Arab Revolt.

Pfalz A.I
  • Role: Unarmed Scout, Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke
  • Introduced: 1914
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: Unknown
  • Powerplant:
    • A.I: Oberursel 1 × U.0 air-cooled seven-cylinder, rotary engine, 80 hp (60 kW)
    • A.II: Oberursel U.I 1 × air cooled 9 cylinder, rotary engine, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 8⅞ in (11.20 m)
  • Wing Area: 197 ft² (18.3 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 6¾ in (6.88 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 10⅝ in (3.93 m)
  • Empty Weight: 865 lb (393 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,491 lb (677.5 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 68 knots, 78 mph (125 km/h) at sea level
  • Endurance: 4 hr
  • Climb to: 300 ft (1000 m): 8 min
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • A.I, A.2: None
    • E.III: 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Morane-Saulnier L". (2010, September 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:03, September 24, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morane-Saulnier_L&oldid=385501128
  2. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
  3. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing.
  4. Taylor, Michael J. H.. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: 1989 Studio Editions.
  5. David Nicolle, "The Ottoman Army 1914-1918" Oxford: 1994, Osprey Publishing

Pfalz E.I

Pfalz E.I - 1914
Pfalz E.I

The Pfalz E.I was a sport aircraft produced under licence in Germany by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke, who built several variants including: the E.I, E.II, E.IV, E.V, and E.VI. The aircraft was armed with a single, synchronised LMG 08/15 machine gun. A single-seat derivative of the successful Morane-Saulnier G with a slightly reduced wingspan. Like the Type G, it was a successful sporting type in its day.

Variants

  • E.I - Oberursel U.0 rotary engine (60 built)
  • E.II - Oberursel U.I rotary engine
  • E.IV - Oberursel U.III rotary engine (ca. 24 built)
  • E.V - Mercedes D.I water-cooled, inline engine
  • E.VI - Oberursel U.I engine, lengthened fuselage, enlarged tail fin and additional bracing (20 built)
Pfalz E.I
  • Type: Sport aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • First flight: 1913
  • Introduced: 1914
  • Operators:
    • Austria-Hungary: Austro-Hungarian Navy
    • Germany: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberursel U.0 air-cooled seven-cylinder, rotary engine, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Length: 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.12 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)
  • Empty weight: 188 kg (415 lb)
  • Gross weight: 444 kg (979 lb)
  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Range: 177 km (111 miles)
  • Crew: One pilot
  • Armament: 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Morane-Saulnier H". (2010, September 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:55, September 24, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morane-Saulnier_H&oldid=385618616
  2. "Schneider et hydravions anciens/Dossiers historiques hydravions et moteurs". http://www.hydroretro.net/etudegh/moranesaulnierhydro.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-07.
  3. "Morane-Saulnier Type H". flugzeuginfo.net. http://www.flugzeuginfo.net/acdata_php/acdata_morane_h_en.php. Retrieved 2008-11-07.
  4. Grosz, P.M. (1996). "Pfalz E.I-E.VI". Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire: Albatros Publications.
  5. Hartmann, Gérard (2001). "L'incroyable Morane-Saulnier hydro". La Coupe
  6. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing.
  7. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.