Breguet 17 Heavy Fighter

Breguet Breguet Br.17C - 1918
Breguet Bre.17C.2

The Breguet 17 was a fighter biplane developed in France towards the end of World War I and operated by that country during the 1920s.

The Breguet Bre.17 a very effective aircraft for its time. The design was a derivative of the highly-successful Bre.14 bomber, but somewhat scaled down and carrying the more powerful 450 hp (313kW) Renault 12K engine and heavier machine gun armament in place of a bomb load. Like the Bre.14 it was an unequal-span two-bay biplane. The production aircraft were powered by the Renault 12KI engine of slightly higher power, and had revised vertical tail surfaces. The rudder had rounded contours and was horn-baianced. Powerful armament was provided for the period, including twin Vickers machine-guns mounted on top of the engine cowling and synchronised to fire through the propeller disc, twin Lewis guns carried.pn a ring mount in the observer's cockpit, and a third Lewis gun which could fire downwards and under the tail through a trap in the fuselage floor.
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Breguet Bre.17C.2
  • Type: Heavy fighter
  • Manufacturer: Breguet
  • First flight: 1918
  • Primary user: French Army
  • Number built: 100
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 12K1, 336 kW (450 hp)
  • Wingspan: 14.28 m (16 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 43.3 m² (466 ft²)
  • Length: 8.10 m (26 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.42 m (11 ft 3 in)
  • Gross weight: 1,840 kg (4,056 lb)
  • Maximum speed: 218 km/h (135 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,610 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.8 m/s (1,140 ft/min)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and gunner
  • Armament:
    • 2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Vickers machine guns
    • 2 × trainable, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Lewis Guns in ring mount in rear cockpit
    • 1 × trainable, downward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Lewis gun through trap door in rear cockpit

References

  1. Breguet 17. (2010, September 16). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:54, October 20, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Breguet_17&oldid=385123745
  2. Breguet 17 1918 Virtual Aircraft MuseumRetrieved 17:58, October 20, 2010, http://www.aviastar.org/air/france/breguet-17.php
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 198.
  4. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 890 Sheet 80.

Salmson 2

Salmson 2a
Salmson 2

The Salmson 2 was a French biplane reconnaissance aircraft made by Salmson. It was developed to a 1916 requirement. Along with the Breguet 14, it was the main reconnaissance aircraft in use with the French army in 1918. At the end of the First World War, one-third of French reconnaissance aircraft were Salmson 2s.

Built in large numbers, the Salmson 2 was the most widely used reconnaissance aircraft in the final year of the war. A versatile two-seater biplane featuring a new Canton-Unné radial engine, it was also employed as a daylight bomber and ground attack aircraft by French and American air services.

Salmson 2
  • Country: France
  • Manufacturer: Société des Moteurs Salmson
  • Type: Reconnaissance
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Number Built: 3,200
  • Powerplant: Canton-Unné, 9 cylinder, radial, 260 hp (194 kW)
  • Wing Span: 38 ft 8.5 in 11.8 m
  • Length: 27 ft 10.75 in 8.5 m
  • Height: 9 ft 6.25 in 2.9 m
  • Empty Weight: 1,676 lbs 760 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 2,954 lb 1,340 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 115 mph 185 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 20,505 ft 6,250 m
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 2-3 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Salmson 2, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmson_2"
  2. Davilla, James J., & Soltan, Arthur M., "French Aircraft of the First World War". Stratford, Connecticut: Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0

SPAD S.XVI

SPAD S-XVI 1918
SPAD S-XVI

The Spad XVI appeared in January 1918. It was slightly faster than the Spad XI, but had a lower ceiling and the same poor handling qualities. It offered no overall improvement. Nevertheless, approximately 1,000 Spad XVIs were built, ultimately equipping 32 French escadrilles.

The Spad XVI was a two-seat version of the very successful single-seat Spad fighters of World War I, the Spad VII and the Spad XIII. The first Spad two-seater design to see front-line service was the Spad XI. The Spad XVI was an attempt to improve upon it by replacing the Spad XI's 220-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine with a 240-horsepower Lorraine-Dietrich 8Bb. The Spad XVI appeared in January 1918. It was slightly faster than the Spad XI, but had a lower ceiling and the same poor handling qualities. It offered no overall improvement. Nevertheless, approximately 1,000 Spad XVIs were built, ultimately equipping 32 French escadrilles.

The SPAD 16 was a development of the SPAD 11. Essentially a SPAD 11 with a Lorraine-Dietrich engine of 240 bhp, or 250 bhp according to some sources. The new engine, while more powerful, resulted in a heavier aircraft and performance was slightly inferior to the SPAD 11. The original handling problems were largely unresolved.
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SPAD S.XVI
  • Type: biplane reconnaissance aircraft
  • Country of Origin: France
  • Manufacturer: SPAD (Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés )
  • Designed by: Louis Béchereau
  • Primary users:
    • France: Aéronautique Militaire
    • Russia: Red Army
  • Date: 1918
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lorraine-Dietrich 8Bb engine 240-horsepower (179 kW)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 9½ in (11.2 m)
  • Length: 25 ft 3 in (7.8 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 4½ in (2.8 m)
  • Empty Weight: Empty, 1,994 lb (906 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,844 lb (1,140 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 116 mph.
  • Maximum Endurance: 2 1/2 hours
  • Range: 286 miles
  • Service Ceiling: 15,400 ft.
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
  • Gun-Pilot: 1 × 0.303 inch (7.7 mm) synchronised fixed forward-firing Vickers machine gun
  • Gun-Observer: 2 × 0.303 inch (7.7 mm) trainable Lewis machine gun on a flexible mount
  • Bombs: 154 lb (70 kg) under the lower wings

References

  1. Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Museum Website SPAD XVI: retrieved: 06/22/2010 "http://www.nasm.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?id=A19200002000"
  2. SPAD S.XI, From Wikipedia Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.XI"
  3. SPAD S.XVI AvStop Magazine Online Retrieved from http://avstop.com/history/ww1aircraft/spadxvi.htm
  4. Davilla, James J., & Soltan, Arthur M., "French Aircraft of the First World War." Stratford, Connecticut: Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0
  5. Kenneth Munson's "The Pocket Encyclopedia of World Aircraft in Color BOMBERS 1914-19 Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft", page 143-144.