Breguet 17 Heavy Fighter

Breguet Breguet Br.17C - 1918
Breguet 17

The Breguet 17 was a fighter biplane developed in France towards the end of World War I and operated by that country during the 1920s.

The Breguet 17 was based on the highly successful Bre.14 bomber, but slightly smaller in size. The Bre.17 was fitted with a more powerful engine and heavier machine gun armament in place of a bomb load. The French Army was impressed enough with its performance to place orders for 1,000 of these aircraft during 1918, to be delivered in 1919. The end of World War One also ended these plans, but some limited production did take place into the early 1920s.

The production version was designated as the Bre.17C.2, it served with several escadrilles to augment existing aircraft. The Breguet 17 never formed the basis of any one unit on its own. A single example of the Bre.17 was converted into a prototype night fighter, but no production runs were ever ordered.

Breguet Bre.17C.2
  • Type: Heavy fighter
  • Manufacturer: Breguet
  • First flight: 1918
  • Primary user: French Army
  • Number built: 100
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 12K1, 336 kW (450 hp)
  • Wingspan: 14.28 m (16 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 43.3 m² (466 ft²)
  • Length: 8.10 m (26 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.42 m (11 ft 3 in)
  • Gross weight: 1,840 kg (4,056 lb)
  • Maximum speed: 218 km/h (135 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,610 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.8 m/s (1,140 ft/min)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and gunner
  • Armament:
    • 2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Vickers machine guns
    • 2 × trainable, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Lewis Guns in ring mount in rear cockpit
    • 1 × trainable, downward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Lewis gun through trap door in rear cockpit

References

  1. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 198.
  2. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 890 Sheet 80.

Salmson 2

Salmson 2a
Salmson 2

The Salmson 2 was a French biplane reconnaissance aircraft made by Salmson. It was developed to a 1916 requirement. Along with the Breguet 14, it was the main reconnaissance aircraft in use with the French army in 1918. At the end of the First World War, one-third of French reconnaissance aircraft were Salmson 2s.

Built in large numbers, the Salmson 2 was the most widely used reconnaissance aircraft in the final year of the war. A versatile two-seater biplane featuring a new Canton-Unné radial engine, it was also employed as a daylight bomber and ground attack aircraft by French and American air services.

Salmson 2
  • Country: France
  • Manufacturer: Société des Moteurs Salmson
  • Type: Reconnaissance
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Number Built: 3,200
  • Powerplant: Canton-Unné, 9 cylinder, radial, 260 hp (194 kW)
  • Wing Span: 38 ft 8.5 in 11.8 m
  • Length: 27 ft 10.75 in 8.5 m
  • Height: 9 ft 6.25 in 2.9 m
  • Empty Weight: 1,676 lbs 760 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 2,954 lb 1,340 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 115 mph 185 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 20,505 ft 6,250 m
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 2-3 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Salmson 2, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmson_2"
  2. Davilla, James J., & Soltan, Arthur M., "French Aircraft of the First World War". Stratford, Connecticut: Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0