Hanriot H.D.1

Hanriot H.D.1
Hanriot H.D.1
Hanriot H.D.1
Hanriot H.D.1

The Hanriot HD.1 was a French World War I single seat fighter. Rejected for service with French squadrons in favor of the SPAD S.7, the type was supplied to the Belgians and the Italians with whom it proved highly successful. 831 of a total production of about 1200 were in fact produced by Italian companies under licence.
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Hanriot HD.1
  • Type: Biplane fighter aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Hanriot
  • Designed by: Pierre Dupont
  • Introduced: June 1916
  • Number built: about 1200
  • Powerplant: 1× Le Rhône 9J, 9 cylinder air cooled radial, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Wingspan: 25 ft 6 in (8.70 m)
  • Wing area: 193.7 ft² (18 m²)
  • Length: 19 ft 2 in (5.85 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 7.5 in (2.94 m)
  • Empty weight: 895 lb (407 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,331 lb (605 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1437 lb (652 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 184 km/h (99 knots, 114 mph)
  • Range: 550 km (297 nm, 342 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 6,400 m (21,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.1 mins to 2,000 m (7,600 ft); 11 mins to 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Armament: 1 × or 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Hanriot HD.1, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanriot_HD.1"
  2. Cheesman E.F. (ed.) "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War" Letchworth, Harletford Publications, 1960 pp. 82-83
  3. Holmes, Tony (2005). "Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide". London: Harper Collins. p 31. ISBN 0 0071 9292 4.

Nieuport 17

Nieuport 17
Nieuport 17

Many of the French and British aces began their careers flying the Nieuport 17. The highly maneuverable "Superbébé" was a larger, improved version of the Nieuport 11. Like its predecessor, it was initially equipped with a Lewis gun but was upgraded to a synchronized Vickers machine gun. Helping end Germany's domination of the air war, the Nieuport 17 easily outclimbed and outperformed the Fokker E.III. The superior design was so successful that German high command ordered it copied.

Nieuport 17
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Establissements Nieuport
  • First Introduced: March 1916
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9J, 9 cylinder air cooled radial, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Wing Span: 26 ft 11 in 8.22 m
  • Length: 18 ft 10 in 5.74 m
  • Height: 7 ft 10 in
  • Empty Weight: 827 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 1246 lb 565 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph 177 kmh
  • Service Ceiling: 17,388 ft 5,300 m
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun and/or 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia Nieuport 17, "From Wikipedia Nieuport 17"
  2. Bruce, Jack. "Those Classic Nieuports". Air Enthusiast Quarterly. Number Two, 1976. Bromley, UK:Pilot Press. pp. 137-153.
  3. Cheesman E.F., ed. "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918" War. Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960.
  4. Cooksley, Peter. "Nieuport Fighters in Action". Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-89747-377-9.

SPAD S VII

SPAD S-VII 1916
SPAD S VII

The French Air Service replaced the Nieuport 17 with the SPAD S.VII. Although disadvantaged by poor forward and downward visibility from the cockpit, the SPAD S.VII was fast, durable and difficult to shoot down. It was a good performer, flown by nearly all the French aces. However it proved to be less successful in the hands of British, possibly due to the combat tactics employed by the pilots of the Royal Flying Corps. With 18 victories, Irish ace William Cochran-Patrick scored more victories with the SPAD S.VII and SPAD S.XIII than any other ace.

SPAD S VII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • Designed By: Louis Béchereau
  • First Introduced: September 1916
  • Number Built: 3,825
  • Powerplant: Hispano-Suiza 8A, Water cooled V-8, 150 hp (110 kW)
  • Wing Span: 25 ft 7.75 in 7.82 m
  • Length: 20 ft 2 in 6.15 m
  • Height: 7 ft 6.5 in
  • Empty Weight: 1,102 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 1632 lb 740 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 119 mph 191.5 kmh
  • Service Ceiling: 17,500 ft
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × or 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD S.VII, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.VII"
  2. Bordes, Gerard. "SPAD." Mach 1, L'encyclopédie de l'Aviation, Volume 8. Paris: Atlas, 1981, pp. 2173-2187.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The First Fighting SPADs". Air Enthusiast, Issue 26, April - July 1981. Bromley, Kent: Pilot Press, p. 59, p. 61-62. ISSN 0143-5450.
  4. Connors, John F., Don Greer and Perry Manley. "SPAD Fighters in Action" (Aircraft in Action No. 93). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron-Signal Publications, 1989. ISBN 0-89747-217-9.
  5. Crosby, Francis. "A Handbook of Fighter Aircraft". London: Hermes House, 2003. ISBN 1-84309-444-4.
  6. Sharpe, Michael. "Biplanes, Triplanes, and Seaplanes". London: Friedman/Fairfax Books, 2000, p. 270. ISBN 1-58663-300-7.
  7. "United States Air Force Museum Guidebook". Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975, p. 9.

SPAD S XII

SPAD S-XII 1917
SPAD S XII

The SPAD XII was identifiable from the outside by it's forward wing stagger, rounded ends on the mainplanes. The aircraft was not popular with the less skilled pilots due to it's demanding handling chararistics. The 37 mm cannon was also not suited for pilots that were not exceptional marksmen, it was a one shot weapon that filled the cabin with smoke, needed to be reloaded after each shot while in flight. Georges Guynemer and René Fonck both scored several victories while piloting the SPAD XII.

SPAD S XII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • Designed By: Louis Béchereau
  • First Introduced: 1916
  • Powerplant: Hispano-Suiza 8C, Water cooled V-8, 200 hp.
  • Wingspan: 8.00 m
  • Length: 6.40 m
  • Empty Weight: 587 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 883 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 203 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 6850 m
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament:
    • 1 ×x 37 mm Puteaux single shot cannon
    • 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun on some versions

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD S-XII, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.XII"
  2. Davilla, James J., & Soltan, Arthur M., "French Aircraft of the First World War". Stratford, Connecticut: Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  3. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p.542-543. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.