Fokker Aircraft 1915

Fokker Eindecker

Fokker E.III - 1915
Fokker E.III - 1915

Max Immelmann scored his first victory flying the “Eindecker.” Scourge of the air during the winter of 1915, the Fokker E.I was the first aircraft armed with a synchronized, forward firing machine gun. German pilots were ordered not to fly it across enemy lines for fear the Allies would capture the secrets of the synchronizing gear. Followed by the E.II, E.III and E.IV, the Eindecker was underpowered and slow but could out turn most of its opponents. Allied aviators who faced it called themselves “Fokker Fodder” The Eindecker ruled the skies until the Nieuports and SPADs were developed.

Fokker Eindecker
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1915
  • Engine: Oberursel U.I, 9 cylinder, rotary, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Length: 23 ft 7.5 in ( 7.2 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 1.75 in (399 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1342 lb (610 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 88 mph (140 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 11,500 ft (4100 m)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 or 2 Spandau machine gun

References

  1. "Fokker Eindecker", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_Eindecker
  2. Boyne, Walter J. "The Smithsonian Book of Flight for Young People". Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1988. ISBN 0-689-31422-1.
  3. Dierikx, Marc. "Fokker: A Transatlantic Biography". Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997, p. 31. ISBN 1-56098-735-9.
  4. Grosz, Peter M. "Fokker E I/II (Windsock Datafile No. 91)". Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 2002, pp. 6-8. ISBN 1-90220-746-7.
  5. Grosz, Peter M. "Fokker E III (Windsock Datafile No. 15)". Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 1989. ISBN 0-94841-419-7.
  6. Jarrett, Phillip. "Database: The Fokker Eindeckers". Aeroplane Monthly, December 2004.
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Early German Aces of World War I" (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces 73), Botley, Oxfordshire, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2006, p. 9. ISBN 1-84176-997-5.

Fokker Aircraft 1916

Fokker B.II

Fokker B.II - 1916
Fokker B.II - 1916

The Fokker B.II designation was shared by two different unarmed German observation aircraft of World War I. One was developed from the same M.17 prototype that had been developed into the Fokker D.II fighter, and the other from the M.10. Both machines had a crew of two and resembled the B.I.

Fokker B.II
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Martin Kreutzer
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1× Oberursel U.0, air cooled 9 cylinder in-line, rotary engine, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 7 in (9.94 m)
  • Wing Area: 297 ft² (27.6 m²)
  • Length: 24 ft 7 in (7.49 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.5 m)
  • Maximum Speed: 56 mph (90 km/h)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer

References

  1. "Fokker B.II", From Wikipedia "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_B.II_(1916)"
  2. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 894 Sheet 40.

Fokker D.I

Fokker D.I - 1916
Fokker D.I - 1916

The Fokker D.I (company designation M.18) was a development of the D.II fighter. The D.I was also flown in Austro-Hungarian service as a reconnaissance aircraft under the designation B.III. Confusing the matter further, both the D.II and D.I arrived at the Front in German service at similar times, in July-August 1916. The main designer was Martin Kreutzer.

Similar to the D.II, the D.I was an unstaggered single-bay equal-span biplane. The upper fuselage was parallel with the upper wing. Unlike the D.II, the D.I was fitted with the 100 hp (75 kW) Mercedes D.I six cylinder water-cooled engine.

Control was achieved using wing-warping. The wings were also tested in twin bay form. To improve visibility, the center section was cut into and the wings were slightly staggered.
[Read more]

Fokker D.I and B.III
  • Type: Fighter aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed By: Martin Kreutzer
  • Introduced: 1916
  • Produced: July 1916
  • Number Built: 144
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Developed from: Fokker D.II
  • Variants: D.III and D.IV.
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.II inline six-cylinder water-cooled engine, 120 hp (89 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 8 in (9.05 m)
  • Wing Area: 215.3 ft² (20.00 m²)
  • Length: 20 ft 8 in (6.30 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 4 in (2.55 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,020 lb (463 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,477 lb (670 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 81 kn, 93 mph (150 km/h)
  • Rate of Climb: 656 ft/min (3.33 m/s)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: One, pilot
  • Armament: 1 × forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Fokker D.I", From Wikipedia "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.I"
  2. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft since the First World War". London:Putnam, 1962.
  3. Green William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8
.

Fokker D.II

Fokker D.II - 1916
Fokker D.II - 1916

The Fokker D.II was a German fighter biplane of World War I. It was a single seat fighter aircraft developed before the Fokker D.I. It was based on the M.17 prototype, with single-bay unstaggered wings and a larger fuselage and shorter span than production D.IIs. Using a 75 kW (100 hp) Oberursel U.I, the D.II was underpowered, though the single 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 machine gun was normal for 1916. The German Army purchased 177.

In service, the D.II proved to be little better than the earlier Fokker Eindecker fighters - in particular, it was outclassed by the superior French Nieuport 11 and 17. Several Fokker D.IIs were used by the Kampfeinsitzerkommandos and the early Jagdstaffeln alongside the Halberstadt D.II but the early Fokker biplanes were quickly discarded when the new Albatros fighters came out.

Fokker D.II
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Fluzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Martin Kreutzer
  • Engine:
    • 1 × Oberursel U.I air cooled 9 cylinder in-line, rotary engine, 100 hp (75 kW)
    • 1× Oberursel U.II, air cooled 9 cylinder in-line, rotary engine, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Wingspan: 28 ft 9 in (8.75 m)
  • Length: 21 ft 0 in (6.40 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 4 in (2.55 m)
  • Wing area: 194 ft² (18.0 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 847 lb (384 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,268 lb (575 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 93 mph (150 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 13,125 ft (4,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 820 ft/min (4.2 m/s)
  • Range: 124 miles (200 km)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × fixed, forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Albatros D.II", From Wikipedia "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.II"
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 399.
  3. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 894 Sheet 40.

Fokker D.III

Fokker D.III - 1916
Fokker D.III - 1916

The Fokker D.III (Fokker designation M.19) was a German single-seat fighter aircraft of World War I.

The M.19 began as an effort to improve the performance of the Fokker D.II (Fokker designation M.17). The M.19 featured the Oberursel U.III 14-cylinder, two-row rotary engine, combined with the two-bay wing cellule of the Fokker D.I. The U.III engine, first used in the Fokker E.IV, required a revised fore-and-aft mount and a strengthened fuselage. The prototype M.19 arrived at Adlershof for testing on 20 July 1916. Idflieg issued a production order for 50 aircraft at that time, followed by orders for an additional 60 aircraft in August and 100 in November. The new aircraft was designated D.III by Idflieg.
[Read more]

Fokker D.III
  • Role: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Martin Kreutzer
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Produced: 210
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberursel U.III, air cooled 9 cylinder in-line, rotary engine, 120 kW (160 hp)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 8 in (9.05 m)
  • Wing Area: 215 ft² (20.0 m²)
  • Length: 20 ft 8 in (6.30 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 4 in (2.55 m)
  • Empty Weight: 948 lb (430 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,565 lb 710 kg()
  • Maximum Speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 15,420 ft (4,700 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 940 ft/min (4.8 m/s)
  • Range: 137 miles (220 km)
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × fixed forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.III", From Wikipedia "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.III"
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 92. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  3. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p. 221. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
  4. Lamberton, W.M., and E.F. Cheesman. "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Letchworth: Harleyford, 1960, p. 120. ISBN 0-90043-501-1.
  5. Leaman, Paul. "Fokker Dr.I Triplane: A World War One Legend". Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications, 2003, p. 23. ISBN 1-90322-328-8.
  6. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Early German Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 73). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006, p. 10, p. 76. ISBN 1-84176-997-5.
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Jagdstaffel 2 Boelcke: Von Richthofen's Mentor" (Aviation Elite Units No. 26). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-84603-203-2.
  8. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1965, pp. 122-123, p. 171-173. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker D.IV

Fokker D.IV - 1916
Fokker D.IV - 1916

The Fokker D.IV was a German fighter biplane of World War I, this was the last variant in the development of the D.I. In the quest for improved performance it was fitted with the more powerful Mercedes D.III inline six-cylinder water-cooled engine, generating 160 hp (120 kW). The aircraft was fitted with twin fixed, forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns. The upper wing was raised and the wing struts were strengthed by bracings configured in an N-pattern.

The aircraft was purchased in small numbers (40) by the German Army and the Swedes bought 4. The D.IV production life did not last long. It was soon superceded by newer and better designs. This type was soon overshadowed in 1917 by the higher performance D.VI and the iconic Fokker Dr.I triplane.

Fokker D.IV
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Martin Kreutzer
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Number Built: 44
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III inline six-cylinder water-cooled engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 10 in (9.70 m)
  • Wing Area: 226 ft² (21.0 m²)
  • Length: 21 ft 0 in (6.30 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0 in (2.75 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,336 lb (606 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,852 lb (840 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
  • Rate of Climb: 1,100; 20 minutes to 13,100 Ft. ft/min (5.6 m/s)
  • Range: 137 miles (220 km)
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × fixed, forward-firing synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.IV," From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.IV
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 399.
  3. "World Aircraft Information Files". London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 894 Sheet 40-41.
  4. Green, William; Gordon Swanborough (1994). "The Complete Book of Fighters. London": Greenwich Editions. pp. 221.
  5. Lamberton, W. M. (1960). "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Letchworth,Herts: Harleyford Publications Limited. pp. 218.

Fokker Aircraft 1917

Fokker Dr.I

Fokker Dr.I - 1917
Fokker Dr.I - 1917

The Fokker DR.I triplane was built after the successful Sopwith Triplane. While the Fokker DR.I not as fast as many contemporary biplanes, the Dreidecker could easily outclimb any opponent. Small, lightweight and highly maneuverable, it offered good upward visibility and lacked the traditional bracing wires that could be shot away during combat. This combination of features made it an outstanding plane in a dogfight.

When the DR.I first entered service, antagonists scoffed until pilots like Werner Voss showed what it could do in a fight. Flying a prototype, Voss shot down 10 British aircraft in 6 days of aerial combat during September 1917.
[Read more]

Fokker Dr.I
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: August 1917
  • Number Built: 320
  • Powerplant: Oberursel UR-II, air cooled 9 cylinder rotary, 110 hp
  • Wing Span: 23 ft 7 3/8 in (7.19 m)
  • Length: 18 ft 11 1/8 in (5.77 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8 in
  • Empty Weight: 893 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 1,289.2 lb (586 kg)
  • Speed: 103 mph 165 kmh 13120 ft (4000 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 20,013 ft (6100 m)
  • Endurance: 1½ hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward firing Spandau 7.92mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker_Dr-I", From Wikipedia "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_Dr.I"
  2. Franks, Norman. "Sopwith Triplane Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 62). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2004, p. 9, p. 21. ISBN 1-84176-728-X.
  3. Franks, Norman and Greg VanWyngarden. "Fokker Dr.I Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of The Aces No. 40). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2001, p. 22, pp. 25-27, p. 55, p. 83. ISBN 1-84176-223-7.
  4. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 100. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  5. Leaman, Paul. "Fokker Dr.I Triplane: A World War One Legend". Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications, 2003, pp. 30, 32, p. 34, p. 53, p. 69, p. 95-96, p. 181, p. 222. ISBN 1-90322-328-8.
  6. Nowarra, Heinz J. "Fokker Dr.I In Action" (Aircraft No. 98). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1990, p. 12, p. 47. ISBN 0-89747-229-2.
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Richthofen's Flying Circus: Jagdgeschwader Nr I" (Aviation Elite Units No. 16). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2004, p. 75. ISBN 1-84176-726-3.
  8. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1965, p. 226, p. 228-229, pp. 231-236, pp. 238-239, pp. 244-246, p. 410. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker D.V

Fokker D.V - 1917
Fokker D.V - 1917

The Fokker D.V was the German army designation for the Fokker M.22 biplane, ordered as a training aircraft in October 1916. It was the last in a series of closely related and generally unsatisfactory Fokker biplanes produced since the acceptance of the Fokker D.I in June 1916.

After the disappointing performance of his D.I through D.IV, Fokker resolved to produce a smaller, lighter rotary-powered design. The new prototype, designated M.21, was a development of the earlier M.17 fighter which Fokker had produced for the Austro-Hungarian Air Service. The M.21 featured a swept back upper wing to improve pilot view.

Fokker was enthusiastic about the new aircraft, which was highly maneuverable. After the addition of a modified cowling and stringers along the fuselage sides, the aircraft was designated M.22. In October 1916, Idflieg ordered production of the M.22 now designated as the D.V.
[Read more]

Fokker D.V
  • Role: Fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Martin Kreutzer
  • First Flight: 1916
  • Entered Production: 1916
  • Number Built: 216
  • Primary user: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Wingspan: 28 ft 9 in (8.75 m)
  • Wing area: 167 ft² (15.5 m²)
  • Length: 19 ft 10 in (6.05 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 6 in (2.30 m)
  • Empty weight: 800 lb (363 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,248 lb (566 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberursel U.I rotary, 110 hp (82 kW)
  • Maximum speed: 106 mph (170 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 12,795 ft (3,900 m)
  • Time to 3,300ft: 3 minutes
  • Time to 13,000ft: 24 minutes
  • Rate of climb: 520 ft/min (2.6 m/s)
  • Range: 149 miles (240 km)
  • Crew: one
  • Armament: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) synchronised LMG 08/15 machine gun

References

  1. Rickard, J (30 October 2007), Fokker D.V , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_fokker_dV.html
  2. Fokker D.V. (2011, June 7). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:35, June 21, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fokker_D.V&oldid=432958285
  3. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. London:> Putnam, 1962. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  4. Leaman, Paul. Fokker Dr.I Triplane: A World War One Legend. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-90322-328-8.
  5. Weyl, A.R. Fokker: The Creative Years. London: Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker D.VI

Fokker D.VI - 1917
Fokker D.VI - 1917

The Fokker D.VI was an excellent aircraft that was not to be. It was overshadowed by the success of the Fokker D.VII. The design was a biplane based on a streched Dr.1 fuselage. Only a handfull were built and entered service.

Fokker D.VI
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Powerplant: 1× Rhone Air Cooled 9 cylinder Rotary 110 hp.
  • Wing Span: (7.66 m)
  • Length: (6.19 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)
  • Empty Weight: (392 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: (582 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (201 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: (5940 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward firing Spandau 7.92mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.VI", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VI
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 102-103. ISBN 0-93385-271-1
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Crescent Books, 1993. ISBN 0-51710-316-8.
  4. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1965, p. 262, p. 264, p. 269, p. 271. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker Aircraft 1918

Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VII - 1918
Fokker D.VII - 1918

The Fokker D.VII is widely regarded as the best German aircraft of the war. Its development was championed by Manfred von Richthofen. In January 1918, Richthofen tested the D.VII in the trials at Adlershof but never had an opportunity to fly it in combat. He was killed just days before it entered service. When introduced, the D.VII was not without problems. On occasion its wing ribs would fracture in a dive or high temperatures would cause the gas tank to explode. Even so, the D.VII proved to be durable and easy to fly. As noted by one authority, it had “an apparant ability to to make a good pilot out of mediocre material.” When equipped with the BMW engine, the D.VII could outclimb any Allied opponent it encountered in combat. Highly maneuverable at all speeds and altitudes, it proved to be more than a match for any of the British or French fighter planes of 1918.

Fokker D.VII
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: End of April, 1918
  • Number Built: 840
  • Engines:
    • Mercedes D-III 6 cylinder in-line, 160 hp
    • BMW IIIa in-line, 185 hp
  • Wing Span: 29 ft 3 in (8.93 m)
  • Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.93 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 2 in (2.80 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,540 lb (698 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,874 lb (850 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 116 mph (186 km/h) - Mercedes 124 mph - BMW
  • Service Ceiling: 19,600 ft (5,970 m) Mercedes 21,000 ft BMW
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.VII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VII
  2. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. German Aircraft of the First World War. London: Putnam, 1962.
  3. Owers, Colin. "The post-1918 career of the Fokker D.VII: Part One". Air Enthusiast, No. 60, November-December 1995, pp. 63-70. ISSN 0143 5450.
  4. Owers, Colin. "The post-1918 career of the Fokker D.VII: Part Two". Air Enthusiast, No. 61, January-February 1996, pp. 52-63. ISSN 0143 5450.
  5. Swanborough, Gordon and Bowers, Peter M. "United States Military Aircraft since 1908". London:Putnam, 1963.
  6. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". London: Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.

Fokker E.V - D.VIII

Fokker E.V - D.VII - 1918I
Fokker E.V - D.VIII - 1918

Winner of the April 1918 fighter competition, the Fokker D.VIII monoplane was delayed by production problems. Only thirty six of them entered service during the last weeks of the war. Equipped with an underpowered engine, the D.VIII was nevertheless an excellent fighter eagerly received by the German air service. Dubbed the “Flying Razor” by Allied pilots, it had the distinction of scoring the last aerial victory of the war.

Fokker E.V - D.VIII
  • Manufacturer: Fokker Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: About 290
  • Engine: Oberursel UR-II, 9 cylinder rotary, 110 hp
  • Wing Span: 27 ft 6.75 in (8.40 m)
  • Length: 19 ft 4 in (5.86 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
  • Empty Weight: 384 kg (848 lb)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,238 lb
  • Maximum Speed: 127 mph (204 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 20,670 ft (6,300 m)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: × Spandau 7.92 mm machine guns

References

  1. "Fokker D.VIII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VIII
  2. Connors, John F., "Fokker's Flying Razors", Wings, Granada Hills, California, August 1974, Volume 4, Number 4, pages 45, 48.
  3. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". 1988. ISBN 0-851778-17-8.

Fokker C.I

Fokker C.I - 1923
Fokker C.I - 1923

Above: This example served in the U.S.S.R. The sphinx was the personal insignia of A. T. Kozhevnikov the squadron leader of № 1 OIAE.

Below: This example is is outfitted with winter gear used by the U.S.S.R. The unit, serial number and crew are unknown.

Fokker C.I - 1923
Fokker C.I - Winter 1923

The Fokker C.I was a German reconnaissance biplane under development at the end of World War I. The design was essentially an enlarged Fokker D.VII fighter with two seats and a 138 kW (185 hp) BMW IIIa engine. The C.I was originally developed to sell to the German Army. It never saw service in World War I, but Anthony Fokker managed to smuggle parts out of Germany at the time of the Armistice.

The prototype, V.38, was tested at Schwerin, and put into immediate production. After the armistice, production continued in the Netherlands.

The C.I went into Dutch service after 16 were ordered in February 1919. The USSR bought 42 C.Is. The C.Is served in the reconnaissance and trainer roles. The last C.I left service in 1936.

Fokker C.I
  • Role: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Manufacturer: Fokker
  • First flight: 1918
  • Number built: 250+
  • Variants
    • V 38: Prototype.
    • C.I: Two-seat reconnaissance aircraft, powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) BMW IIIa piston engine.
    • C.Ia: Improved version.
    • C.IW: Experimental floatplane version.
    • C.II: Three-seat passenger transport version, powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) BMW IIIa piston engine.
    • C.III: Two-seat advanced trainer version of the C.I, powered by a 220 hp (164 kW) Hispano-Suiza engine.
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 5 in (10.50 m)
  • Wing Area: 283 ft² (26.3 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 9 in (7.23 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 5 in (2.87m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,885 lb (855 kg)
  • Maximum Weight: 2,767 lb (1,255 kg)
  • Powerplant:
    • C.I-C.II: 1 × 185 hp (138 kW) BMW IIIa inline liquid cooled 6 cylinder engine.
    • C.III: 1 × 220 hp (164 kW) Hispano-Suiza inline liquid cooled 6 cylinder engine.
  • Maximum Speed: 109 mph (175 km/h)
  • Range: 385 mi (320 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 13,125 ft (4,000 m)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 1 × fixed forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Spandau LMG 08/15 machine gun
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) trainable Parabellum MG14 machine gun in the observer's cockpit
    • Grenades or Bombs: Up to 110 lb (50 kg) of disposable stores.

References

  1. Fokker C.I. (2011, December 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:28, March 7, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fokker_C.I&oldid=467155072
  2. Donald, David, ed. (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Prospero Books. pp. pg 427. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 402.
  4. World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 894 sheet 33.