Italian Bombers 1914

Caproni Ca.36

Caproni Ca.3 - 1914
Caproni Ca.3 - 1914

The Caproni three-engined bomber appeared in 1914, powered by three Gnome rotary engines. The production version, equipped with three 100 hp fixed in-line Fiat A 10 engines entered service in the summer of 1915, and it was the most effective bomber of any air force, except for the Russian Sikorsky.Ilya Mourometz.

The Caproni Ca.3 was an Italian heavy bomber of World War I and the post-war era. It was the definitive version of the series of aircraft that began with the Caproni Ca.1 in 1914.
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Caproni Ca.36
  • Type: Bomber
  • Country: Italy
  • Manufacturer: Caproni
  • Entered service: summer of 1915
  • Engines: 3 × Isotta Fraschini water cooled V.4B 180 hp (134 kW)
  • Length: (11.05 m )
  • Height: (3.85 m)
  • Empty Weight: (2,650 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: (3,650 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (37 km/h)
  • Wing Span: (22.74 m)
  • Service Ceiling: (4,100 m)
  • Endurance: 4 hr 45 min.
  • Crew: 3
  • Armament: 3-6 machineguns

Italian Bombers 1918

Caproni Ca.4

Caproni Ca.4 - 1918
Caproni Ca.4 - 1918

Caproni Ca.4 Series was patterned along the lines of the Caproni Ca.3 series of biplane bombers, the larger triplanes of the Ca.4 series were designed to be more effective in combat. Sometimes armed with up to eight machine guns, these cumbersome bombers were capable of accurately delivering large payloads of bombs to distant enemy targets. Although mainly used at night, they took part in daylight raids towards the end of the war. Of thirty-two Ca.42s manufactured in 1918, six of them were used by the Royal Naval Air Service.
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Caproni Ca.42
  • Type: Heavy Bomber
  • Country: Italy
  • Manufacturer: Caproni
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: 32
  • Engines: 3 × Isotta-Fraschini, water cooled V-6, 270 hp
  • Wing Span: 98 ft 1 in (29.9 m)
  • Length: 42 ft 11.75 in (13.1 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 8 in (6.3 m)
  • Loaded Weight: 14,793 lb (6,710 kg)
  • Speed: 78 mph (126 kmh)
  • Service Ceiling: 9,842 ft (3000 m)
  • Endurance: 7 hours
  • Crew: 4
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 4 to 8 machine guns
    • Bombs: 3,197 lb (1,450 kg) of bombs

Caproni Ca.5

Caproni Ca.5 - 1918
Caproni Ca.5 - 1918

The Caproni Ca.5 was an Italian heavy bomber of the World War I and post-war era. It was the final version of the series of aircraft that began with the Caproni Ca.1 in 1914.

By late in World War I, developments in aircraft technology made older bomber designs unable to penetrate targets defended by modern fighters. Caproni's response to this problem was to significantly uprate the power on the existing Ca.3 design, with some versions of the Ca.5 eventually carrying engines with nearly five times the total power that the first Ca.1 had.

Apart from greater power, various refinements were made to the design, including modifications to the main nacelle and undercarriage, and completely new wings. The first prototype flew in late 1917 and the type remained in production until 1921. Some 659 of all versions were built by Caproni, and another three were licence-built in the US (two Ca.44s by Standard, and one Ca.46 by Fisher). Plans for licence production in France did not eventuate.

During the war, Caproni designated these aircraft according to the total power of their engines. Afterwards, the company redesignated these designs.
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Caproni ca.44
  • Role: heavy bomber
  • National Origin: Italy
  • Designed By: Gianni Caproni
  • Manufactor: Caproni
  • Number Built: 659
  • Operators: Italy - Corpo Aeronautico Militare
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Entered Service: August 1918
  • Retired: 1921
  • Length: 12.60 m (41 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 23.40 m (76 ft 9 in)
  • Height: (4.41 m.)
  • Wing area: 150 m² (1,614 ft²)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,600 kg (10,120 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Fiat A.12 6 cylinder inline engines, 149 kW (200 hp) each
  • Maximum speed: 160 km/h (87 kn, 100 mph)
  • Ceiling: 4,600 m
  • Climb:
    • To 2,000 m 16 min
    • To 3,000 m 30 min
  • Endurance: 5 hours
  • Crew: 4 (pilot, co-pilot, front gunner, and rear gunner/mechanic)
  • Armament:
  • Guns: 2 × 6.5 mm or 7.7 mm FIAT-Revelli machine guns
  • Bombs: 533 kg (1,170 lb) of bombs

References

  1. Caproni Ca.5. (2011, January 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:57, February 10, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caproni_Ca.5&oldid=409268043
  2. Caproni CA5 Aircraft Of The A E F Retrieved 10:59, February 10, 2011, from http://www.worldwar1.com/dbc/caprca5.htm
  3. Italian Bomber Aircraft 1910-1919: Caproni CA. 4, Caproni CA. 3, Caproni CA. 1, Savoia-Pomilio Sp. 3, Caproni CA. 5, Savoia-Pomilio Sp. 4. 2010: Books LLC. ISBN-10: 1155709225 ISBN-13: 9781155709222
  4. Italian Bomber Aircraft: Italian Bomber Aircraft 1910-1919, Italian Bomber Aircraft 1920-1929, Italian Bomber Aircraft 1930-1939 Books, LLC - General Books LLC (2010) ISBN 115785933X
  5. Tucker,Spencer; Matysek Wood, Laura, Justin D. Murphy The European powers in the First World War: an encyclopedia. 1996,1999 Garland reference library of the humanities, vol. 1483. ISBN 0-8153-3351-x
  6. Boyne, Walter J. Air warfare: an international encyclopedia, Volume 1 2002 English; ISBN-10: 081533351X; ISBN-13: 978-0815333517