French Bombers 1915

Caudron G.4

Caudron G.4 - 1915
Caudron G.4 - 1915

The Caudron G.4 was a French biplane with twin engines, widely used during World War I as a bomber aircraft. It was designed by René and Gaston Caudron as an improvement over their Caudron G.3. The aircraft was no delight for the eye with its massive, open construction. The aircraft employed wing warping for banking. The first G.4 was manufactured in 1915, both in France, England and in Italy.

The Caudron G.4 was used as a reconnaissance bomber into the heart of Germany. Later, when Germany developed a fighter force, the aircraft had to be used for night bombings.
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Caudron G.4
  • Type: Reconnaissance/Bomber
  • Country: France
  • Manufacturer: Caudron
  • Designed by: Caudron Frères
  • Number Built: 1,421
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • Engine(s):
    • 2 × Le Rhône air cooled rotariy, 9 cylinder, 80 hp (60 kW)
    • 2 × Anzani air cooled radial, 10 cylinder, 100 hp
  • Wing Span: 56 ft 5 in (17.2 m)
  • Length: 23 ft 6 in (7.16 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 5 in (2.6 m)
  • Wing Area: 409 ft² (38.00 m²)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,932 lb (1,330 kg)
  • Speed: 82 mph (132 km/h) at 6,560 ft (2,000 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 14,110 ft (4,300 m)
  • Endurance: 3 ½ hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 1 machine gun
    • Bombs: 249 lb 113 kg of bombs

References

  1. Caudron G.4. (2010, December 30). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:43, January 26, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caudron_G.4&oldid=405065472
  2. Donald, David (Editor). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Leicester, UK: Blitz Editions, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  3. Kalevi Keskinen, Kyösti Partonen, Kari Stenman: Suomen Ilmavoimat I 1918-27, 2005. ISBN 952-99432-2-9.
  4. Kalevi Keskinen, Kari Stenman, Klaus Niska: Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneet 1918-1939, Tietoteos, 1976.
  5. Thetford, Owen. British Naval Aircraft since 1912. London:Putnam, 1978. ISBN 0 370 30021 1.

French Bombers 1916

Voisin VIII

Voisin VIII
Voisin VIII - 1916

The Voisin VIII entered service in November 1916 as a French night bomber. Gabriel and Charles Voisin designed the Voisin VIII to replace the Voisin VII. The more powerful, and more successful Voisin VIII, was also known as the Type LAP and Type LBP. This was the French army's main night bomber in 1916-1917, with over one thousand built.

The Voisin VIII flew in a wide range of environments, from the freezing Russian steppes to Mesopotamia. The Voisin VIII operated by the Imperial Russian Air Service substituted skis for the rubber wheels used by other operating nations . Equally adaptable to desert conditions, the sturdy Voisin VIII was used by the British Royal Flying Corps in the Middle East.
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Voisin VIII
  • Type: Night Bomber
  • National Origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Aeroplanes Voisin (Gabriel Voisin)
  • Designed by: Gabriel and Charles Voisin
  • Introduced: 1916
  • Aircraft built: 1100
  • Engine: Hispano-Suiza a rotary air-cooled 300 hp (224 kW)
  • Powerplant: 1 × 8-cylinder Peugeot in line water cooled 220 hp (164 kW)
  • Wingspan: (18.00 m.)
  • Length: 36 ft 9 in (11.20 m)
  • Height: (3.50 m.)
  • Empty weight: (1,320 kg.)
  • Gross Weight: (1860 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 75 mph (120 kph)
  • Ceiling: (4300 m)
  • Range: 250 miles (400 km)
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
  • Guns: one or two Lewis guns 0.303in (7.7mm)
  • Bombs: 130 lb (60 kg) bomb

French Bombers 1917

Breguet Br.XIV

Breguet Br.14B2 - 1917
Breguet Br.14B2 - 1917

Used throughout the war, the innovative Breguet Br.14 was a highly successful biplane used by the French, Belgian and American air services. Designed by Louis Breguet in 1916, it was one of the first aircraft constructed with duralumin in the airframe.

Rugged and versatile, it was mass produced in several variations, including a seaplane model. Before the end of the war, the Br.14 saw service as a reconnaissance aircraft, a day/night bomber and an air ambulance. This was one of the best bombers the French used. It was produced up until 1926.

Breguet Br.14B2
  • Type: Bomber (B2) and Reconnaissance (A2)
  • Country: France
  • Entered Service: Summer of 1917
  • Number Built: About 5,500 during World War I
  • Powerplant: Renault 12 Fox, water cooled 12 cylinder, 300 hp
  • Wing Span: 47 ft 1.25 in (14.36 m)
  • Length: 29 ft (8.87 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 10 in (3.3 m)
  • Loaded Weight: 3,892 lb (1,765 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (177 km/h) at 6,560 ft (2,000 m)
  • Service Ceiling: 19,030 ft (5,800 m)
  • Endurance: 2 ¾ hours
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 2-3 machine guns
    • Bombs: 661 lb (300 kg) of bombs

References

  1. Breguet Bre.4. (2011, January 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:25, January 11, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Breguet_Bre.4&oldid=406067608
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 202.
  3. World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 890 Sheets 78-79.

Caudron R.11

Caudron R 11 - 1917
Caudron R 11 - 1917

The Caudron R.11 was first used as a bomber and then used as an escort at the end of the war. This was the last bomber the French built during the war.

The R.11 was originally intended to fulfill the French Corps d'Armee reconnaissance category. Its design was similar to the Caudron R.4, but with a more pointed nose, two bracing bays outboard the engines rather than three, no nose-wheel, and a much larger tail. The engines were housed in streamlined nacelles just above the lower wing.

The French army ordered 1000 R.11s. Production began in 1917, with the first aircraft completed late in that year. In February 1918 the first Escadrille (squadron) R.26 was equipped. The last escadrille to form before the Armistice (and production ended abruptly) was R.246, at which point 370 planes had been completed.

Caudron R.11
  • Type: Fighter
  • Country: France
  • Manufacturer: Caudron
  • Designed by: Paul Deville
  • First flight: 1917
  • Number Built: 370
  • Powerplant: 2 × Hispano-Suiza 8Bba water cooled inline piston, 215 hp (160 kW) each each
  • Wingspan: 58 ft 9.5 in (17.92 m)
  • Length: 36 ft 11 in (8.5 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 2.25 in (2.8 m)
  • Wing Area: 5583.96 ft² (84.25 m²)
  • Empty weight: 3135 lb (1422 kg)
  • Loaded Weight 4777 lb (2167 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 114 mph (183 km/h)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Service Ceiling: 19520 ft (5950 m)
  • Crew: 3
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 5 machine guns
    • Bombs: 265 lb of bombs

References

  1. From Wikipedia Caudron R.11, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caudron_R.11"
  2. Donald, David, ed (1997). "The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft". Prospero Books. pp. pg 235. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  3. Green, W; Swanborough, G (1994). "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.