Albatros D-III (Oeffag)

Albatros D-III Series 53  sn. 153.27 - 1917
Albatros D-III Series 53 sn. 153.27
Albatros D-III Oeffag Series 153 - 1917
Albatros D-III Oeffag Series 153 Oblt. Georg Kenzian Flik 55J sn. 153.27
Albatros D-III Oeffag Series 253 sn. 253.64 - 1917
Albatros D-III Oeffag Series 253 sn. 253.64

The Austro-Hungarian version of the Albatros D-III was produced under license by the firm Oeffag. It had several minor external differences identifying it from the German made fighters. In the autumn of 1916, Oesterreichische Flugzeugfabrik AG (Oeffag) obtained a licence to build the D.III at Wiener-Neustadt. Deliveries commenced in May 1917.

The Oeffag aircraft were built in three main versions (series 53, 153, 253) using the 185, 200, or 225 hp (138, 149, or 168 kW) Austro-Daimler engines respectively. The Austro-Daimlers provided improved performance over the Mercedes D.IIIa engine. For cold weather operations, Oeffag aircraft featured a winter cowling which fully enclosed the cylinder heads.

Albatros D-III (Oeffag)
  • Type: Reconnaissance
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Oesterreichische Flugzeugfabrik AG (Oeffag)
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Powerplant:
    • Series 53: Austro-Daimler, 185 hp (138 kW) 6 cylinder liquid cooled inline engine
    • Series 153:Austro-Daimler, 200 hp (149 kW) 6 cylinder liquid cooled inline engine
    • Series 253: Austro-Daimler, 225 hp (168 kW) 6 cylinder liquid cooled inline engine
  • Wing Span: 45 ft 10 in 13.97 m
  • Length: 26 ft 2 in 7.97 m
  • Height: 10 ft 10 in 3.30 m
  • Loaded Weight: 2,400 lb 1,088 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 62 mph 100 km/h
  • Endurance: 4 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

Austrian pilots often removed the propeller spinner from early production aircraft, since it was prone to falling off in flight. Beginning with aircraft 112 of the series 153 production run, Oeffag introduced a new rounded nose that eliminated the spinner. Remarkably, German wind-tunnel tests showed that the simple rounded nose improved propeller efficiency and raised the top speed by 14 km/h (9 mph).

All Oeffag variants were armed with two 0315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns. In most aircraft, the guns were buried in the fuselage, where they were inaccessible to the pilot. In service, the Schwarzlose proved to be somewhat less reliable than the 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15, mainly due to problems with the synchronization gear. The Schwarzlose also had a poor rate of fire. At the request of pilots, the guns were relocated to the upper fuselage decking late in the series 253 production run.

Oeffag engineers noted the wing failures of the D.III and modified the lower wing to use thicker ribs and spar flanges. These changes, as well as other detail improvements, largely resolved the structural problems that had plagued German versions of the D.III. In service, the Oeffag aircraft proved to be popular, robust, and effective. Oeffag built approximately 526 D.III aircraft between May 1917 and the Armistice

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros D.III, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_D.III"
  2. Grosz, Peter M., George Haddow and Peter Schiemer. "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War I". Boulder, CO: Flying Machines Press, 2002, p. 251. ISBN 1-89126-805-8.

Aviatik (Berg) D-I

Aviatik (Berg) D-I Ba 38 Flik 63J sn. 38.37 - 1917
Aviatik (Berg) D-I Ba 38 Flik 63J sn. 38.37 - 1917
Aviatik (Berg) D-I Ba 138 Korporal Josef Kunze Flik 74J sn. 138.55 - 1918
Aviatik (Berg) D-I Ba 138 Korporal Josef Kunze Flik 74J sn. 138.55 - 1918
Aviatik (Berg) D-I Ba. 338 Oblt. Bela Macourek Flik 1 sn. 338.02 - 1918
Aviatik (Berg) D-I Ba. 338 Oblt. Bela Macourek Flik 1 sn. 338.02 - 1918

The Aviatik D.I, was a single-engine, single-seater fighter biplane. The Aviatik D.I represented the first wholly Austro-Hungarian designed fighter in the Austro-Hungarian Air Service (Luftfahrtruppen). It was also known as the Berg D.I or the Berg Fighter after its designer, Julius von Berg.

The D.I was a good combat aircraft. It was reasonably fast, had excellent flying characteristics and maneuverability, and could reach higher altitudes than most of its adversaries. In addition, it was provided with a roomy and comfortable cockpit which gave a good field of view.

Despite those desirable features, the new Aviatik fighter wasn't greeted with enthusiasm when it entered service in autumn 1917, as the type also had some serious defects which didn't endear it to its pilots. The early aircraft had structural deficiencies and their machine guns were installed beyond the reach of the pilot; if the gun(s) jammed, there was nothing he could do about it. These problems were later rectified with the strengthening of the airframe and the repositioning of the guns, but the main cause of complaints was the engine's tendency to overheat far too easily. To alleviate the cooling problems, operational units tended to fly their aircraft without the engine's top panels and sometimes also the side panels were left off.

The Aviatik D.I was manufactured under license by a numbers of subcontractors.

  • Austrian Aviatik built the 38, 138, 238 and 338 Series
  • Lohner built the 115 and 315 Series
  • Lloyd manufactured the 48, 248 and 348 Series.
  • MAG (Magyar Általános Gépgyár - General Hungarian Machine Works) built the 84 and 92 Series
  • Thöne und Fiala manufactured the 101 Series
  • WKF (Wiener Karosserie Fabrik - Vienna (Car)Body Factory built the 184, 284 and 384 Series.

Ordered but not build were the 215 and 201 Series from Lohner and ThÖne und Fiala respectively.

Aviatik (Berg) D-I
  • Type: Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Österreichische-Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik
  • Designed by: Julius von Berg
  • Initial Design: August 1916
  • First Prototype Flight: October 16, 1916
  • First Production Flight: January 24, 1917
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Produced: 1917 - 1918
  • Number Built: aprox. 700
  • Length: 22 ft 6 in (6.86 m)
  • Wingspan: 26 ft 3 in (8.00 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.48 m)
  • Wing Area: (21.80 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 1,345 lb (610 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,878 lb (852 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1× Austro-Daimler water-cooled in-line, 200 hp (147 kW)
  • Maximum Speed: 115 mph (185 km/h) at sea level
  • Range: 2 hours 30 minutes (of flying time)
  • Service ceiling: (6150 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

Work on the prototype began in August 1916, the first flight of the Aviatik D.I prototype, 30.14, took place on October 16, 1916 at Aspern, killing the test pilot.

Further modifications were made, and three more prototypes of the Aviatik D.I were manufactured, labeled 30.19 (for tests on the ground), 30.20 (for tests in flight) and 30.21 (as a reserve airframe). These prototypes differed from the production aircraft in having a single unsynchronized Schwarzlose machine gun above the top wing, firing over the propeller.

Tests of the modified aircraft were positive and the first unit to receive the first serial batch (with two synchronized Schwarzloses, one on each side of the cylinder block) of the Aviatik D.I was Fluggeschwader I (FLG I, later to be renamed to Flik 101G) on the Divac(a airfield in Slovenia.

The Austro-Hungarian aviation units used the D.I widely until the end of World War I on Eastern, Italian and Balkan fronts, mainly as an escort fighter for the 2-seater reconnaissance aircraft, as the most fighter units preferred the Albatros D.III in air superiority role.

The D.II was a version of the D.I with a cantilever lower wing. The model went into production in late 1918 in two Series (39 and 339), but the production aircraft were too late for operational service. The D.III high-altitude version with a 230 hp Hiero engine and the Dr.I triplane development remained as prototypes only.

The main differences between the Series were in the power of Austro-Daimler engines used (185 hp in the early production aircraft, 200 or 210 hp in the mid-production, and 225 hp in the last ones), in exact positioning of the machine guns, and in structural and radiator modifications.

Until the 31st October 1918 a number of 677 Aviatik D.I airframes of all batches were handed over to the Austro-Hungarian Air Force.

References

  1. Aviatik D.I. (2011, April 26). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:37, September 3, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aviatik_D.I&oldid=425950351
  2. Aviatik Berg D.I photos from the Vienna technical Museum http://www.idflieg.com/aviatik-berg-di.htm</li>
  3. "The Aerodrome" page regarding the Aviatik D.I http://www.theaerodrome.com/aircraft/austrhun/aviatik_di.html
  4. Holmes, Tony (2005). Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0 0071 9292 4.
  5. Munson, Kenneth - Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft 1914-19 ISBN 0-7537-0916-3

Aviatik (Berg) D.II

Aviatik (Berg) D.II
Aviatik (Berg) Ba.39 D.II
Aviatik (Berg) D.II
Aviatik (Berg) Ba.39 D.II

The Aviatik (Berg) D.II, also known as the Aviatik 30.22, was an Austro-Hungarian fighter prototype towards the end of the First World War.

The D.II's fuselage was virtually identical to that of the D.I. It was characterised, however, by its short-span cantilever lower wing. Through 1917, 19 D.IIs were built for front-line evaluation. They were either powered by the 200 hp Series 39 engine or the 225 hp Series 339 engine, both made by Austro-Daimler. The propeller was a four-bladed Jaray, and armament consisted of the usual paired 8 mm Schwarzlose machine guns.

Aviatik D.II
  • Type: Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Österreichische-Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • First Flight: summer 1917
  • Number Built: 19
  • Developed From: Aviatik D.I
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler Series 39, 200 hp (149 kW)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 7.25 in (9.50 m)
  • Length: 22 ft 10.75 in (6.98m)
  • Empty Weight: 1294 lb (587 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 1786 lb (810 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 130 mph (210 km/h)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament:2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

The first three series aircraft were tested in November 1917, and seven were evaluated at the front later in that year, showing good promise. but the decision that O-UF Aviatik should licence-manufacture the Fokker D.VII terminated any plans to build the D.II in quantity. One D.II airframe was experimentally fitted with a 200hp Hiero engine as the Aviatik 30.38, and participated in the July 1918 D-Contest. With the 225hp Austro-Daimler engine the D.II attained 220km/h.

References

  1. Aviatik (Berg) D.II. (2010, May 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:19, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aviatik_(Berg)_D.II&oldid=361799043
  2. Virtual Aircraft Museum Aviatik (Berg) D.II "http://www.aviastar.org/air/austria/aviatik_d-2.php"
  3. Green, William; Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. pp. 44.

Aviatik (Berg) Dr.I 30.24

Aviatik (Berg) D.IIAviatik-Berg (Aviatik) Dr.I sn-30.24
Aviatik-Berg (Aviatik) Dr.I sn-30.24

The Aviatik 30.24 (this designation indicating that it was the 24th experimental aircraft produced by O-UF Aviatik) single-seat fighter triplane designed by von Berg in May 1917. The Aviatik 30.24 employed a similar structure to that of the D.I and the fuselage wasvery similar. Based on a contract with Aviatik for four experimental fighter planes powered by 185/200 hp Daimler engines in Sept 1917. Flight testing of 30.24 on Oct 1917, the 185 hp powered 30.24 had inferior performance compared with a similar engined Aviatik D.I. The 200 hp Daimler also shows little improvement. The Triplane was referred to FLEK (FLiegerErsatzKompanie) 6 in Wiener Neustadt, where a variety of experimental radiators were installed to improve the pilots forward view on Aviatik fighters. 30.24 was accepted by LFT inspectors in Sep 1918. The remaining three prototypes (designations unknown), completed but disassembled, were accepted at the end of Oct 1918. The 30.24 was offered for sale to the Czechoslovakian government in April 1920.

Aviatik (Berg) Dr.I 30.24
  • Role: Experimental Triplane Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Österreichische-Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik
  • Designed by: Julius von Berg
  • Contract Accepted: September 1917
  • First Flight: October 1917
  • Testing Unit: Flek 6
  • Number Built: 4
  • Status: Prototype only
  • Power Plant: 1 × Austro-Daimler, 200 hp (149 kW) 6 cylinder liquid cooled inline engine
  • Wingspan: 7.22 m 24 ft 8 in
  • Wing area: 242.19 ft² (22.50 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 6 in (6.86 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0 in (2.75 m)
  • Take-off Weight: 1900 lb (862 kg)
  • Empty Weight: 1367 lb (620 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 108 mph (174 km/h)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Aviatik (Berg) 30.24 The Virtual Aircraft Museum retrieved from http://www.aviastar.org/air/austria/aviatik_30-24.php

Hansa-Brandenburg L.16

Hansa-Brandenburg L16 - 1917
Hansa-Brandenburg L.16 - 1917

The Hansa-Brandenburg L.16 was a single-seat equi-span fighter, developed by Hansa-Brandenburg for the Austro-Hungarian K.u.k. Luftfahrttruppen. It had a distinctive triplane configuration with aerofoil-section I-type interplane bracing struts. The L.16 was powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) Austro-Daimler six-cylinder water-cooled engine. The proposed armament for the L.16 consisted of two synchronized Schwarzlose machine guns. Various coolant radiator arrangements were evaluated on the single prototype built. Evaluation flights proved the fighter did not perform well enough to warrant series production. The development of this design was abandoned.

Hansa-Brandenburg L.16
  • Role: fighter triplane
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Hansa-Brandenburg
  • Operator: K.u.k. Luftfahrttruppen
  • Number Built: One
  • First Fight: 1917
  • Status: Prototype
  • Power Plant: Austro-Daimler six-cylinder water-cooled engine 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 6 in (9.00 m)
  • Length: 24 ft 8 in (7.21 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 2 in (3.70 m)
  • Wing area: 360.59 ft² (33.5 m²)
  • Take-off weight: 2061 lb (935 kg)
  • Empty weight: 1631 lb (740 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 118 mph (190 km/h)
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronized fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Hansa-Brandenburg L.16 1917 The Virtual Aircraft Museum retrieved Jan. 11 2011 09:11 from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/brandenburg_l-16.php

Lloyd C.V

Lloyd C.V - 1917
Lloyd C.V - 1917

The Lloyd C.V was a reconnaissance aircraft produced in Austria-Hungary during the First World War. It was a departure from Lloyd's previous reconnaissance types, which had all been based on a pre-war design. The C.V was a more compact and streamlined aircraft with an unusual wing structure.

The design was fairly conventional, ex;cept for the interplane struts. These were arranged in two sets, front and rear, with the rear sets consisting of two struts per wing, and the forward sets of only one strut per wing. When viewed from the front of the aircraft, the rear struts formed a V-shape, converging to the point where they met the lower wings. From bottom wing to top, the single forward struts sloped inwards towards the centreline, matching the angle of the inboard rear struts. The fin was triangular and similar to the unit on earlier Lloyd designs, but featured an extension at the top of the rudder that reached over the top of the fixed part of the fin. With its curved leading edge and scalloped trailing edge, this rudder resembled the tail of a rooster.

The wings departed from the conventional structure of one or more spars surrounded by airfoil-shaped ribs and were built instead from ribs surrounded by longerons that stretched span-wise along the wings. This was all then covered in plywood sheeting. While this made for a strong, light structure, it also meant that repairs to damaged wings were difficult, and proved impossible to carry out in the field. Damaged aircraft were sent to depots for exchange. Another problem was that moisture trapped inside the wings had no way to escape quickly. This could cause the plywood skin to buckle or delaminate.
[Read more]

Lloyd C.V
  • Role: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer:
    • Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik
    • Wiener Karosserie und Flugzeugfabrik (WKF)
  • Designed By: Wizina and von Melczer
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Number Built: 144
  • Powerplant:
    • 1 × Hiero inline engine, 185 hp (138 kW)
    • 1 × inline Austro-Daimler engine 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 1 in (11.00 m)
  • Wing Area: 355 ft² (33.0 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 6 in (6.85 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 5 in (2.86 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,900 lb (820 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 2,640 lb (1,200 kg)
  • Maximum Speed:
    • (Hiero) 111 mph (178 km/h)
    • (Austro-Daimler) 83 mph (133 km/h)
  • Range: 160 miles (250 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 770 ft/min (3.9 m/s)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Guns:
      1 × trainable 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun for observer
    • 1 × fixed, forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun in overwing Type II VK gunpod
    • Bombs:
      200 lb (90 kg) of bombs

References

  1. Lloyd C.V. (2009, December 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:38, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lloyd_C.V&oldid=334771034
  2. Grosz, Peter M. (2002). "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One". Colorado: Flying Machine Press.
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.

Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer

Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer - 1917
Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer - 1917

The Lloyd Luftkreuzer was a very bizzare and unsuccessful triplane bomber which was first proposed in 1916. It was plagued with design flaws which were never solved to the degree that never let it leave the ground. It never made it past the prototype stage of development.

The prototype Lloyd Luftkreuzer was based on the requirement of LFT (Luftfahrtruppen) to develop a modern and powerful bomber powered by three engines. In August of 1915 LFT approached two compnies, Lloyd and Oeffag Phönix who were awarded funding to construct two prototype triplane heavy bombers. The machine should be driven by one powerful engine in the main hull and two engines in smaller side mounted boom style fuslage. The next requirement was the ability to carry a 200 kg bomb load and endurance of at least 6 hours. Defensive armament would provided by four machine guns, two of the guns should be mounted on the main fuselage and the other two guns would be mounted in the side hulls.
[Read more]

Lloyd 40.08
  • National Origin: Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Role: prototype bomber triplane
  • Manufacturer: Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik AG
  • Manufactured: 1916-1917
  • Number Built: 1
  • Status: Prototype Only
  • Power Plants:
    • Pusher: 1 × Austro-Daimler 12 cylinder water cooled Engine 300 hp (224 kW)
    • Tractor: 2 × Austro-Daimler 6 cylinder inline water cooled Engines 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 23.26 m
  • Wing Area: 110.0 m²
  • Length: 9.55 m
  • Height: 5.01 m
  • Takeoff Weight: 4840 kg
  • Endurance: 6 hours Required in specification
  • Crew: 4-5
  • Armament: Required in specification
    • Bombs: 200 kg
    • Guns: 4 × 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Knights of the Air Made in Hungary http://www.dieselpunks.org/profiles/blogs/knights-of-the-air-made-in
  2. Lloyd 40.08 Valka Cz http://en.valka.cz/viewtopic.php/t/66002
  3. Grosz, Peter, the Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 2002, ISBN 1-891268-05-8

Lloyd Triplane

Lloyd Triplane - 1917
Lloyd Triplane

The Austro-Hungarians built many bizzare aircraft, and the Lloyd 40.15 was no exception. The Lloyd 40.15 triplane fighter prototype was a rather ungainly aircraft with a lot of unique features. It had fully cantilevered wings, probably of mixed veneer and fabric construction. It appears that the wings were originally designed to be all veneered with tipperons. Then the wing construction was changed to a veneer/fabric construction. On the middle wing, rotating wingtip ailerons were fitted. The lower wing was mounted behind the undercarriage struts. The plane was powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) Daimler and was armed with twin fixed, forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns, mounted within the pilots reach.
[Read more]

Lloyd 40.15 Triplane
  • Role: Experimental Triplane Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik
  • First Flight: December 1917 or March 1, 1918
  • Number Built: at least 1
  • Unit: unknown
  • Serial: 40.15
  • Status: Prototype
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler (MAG) six-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine, 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Wing Span: 24 ft 10 ⅞ in (7.6 m)
  • Wing Area: (22.2 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 3⅝ in (7.1 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 1⅜ in (2.8 m)
  • Maximum Take-off Weight: 1 984 lb (900 kg)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × fixed, forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun

References

  1. Green, William, and Swanborough, Gordon, Fighter A To Z, Air International
  2. Grosz,Peter M. Haddow, George. Schiemer, Peter. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0963711008,
  3. WW1 Aero 71 (dec 78), available from http://www.ww1aeroplanesinc.org

Lohner DI (Series 111)

Lohner DI - 1917
Lohner DI - 10.20 Type AA serial number 111.01
Lohner DI - 1917
Lohner DI - 10.20B serial number 111.02
Lohner DI - 1917
Lohner DI 10.20 sn.111.03 - 1917

The Lohner Series 111 aircraft company was an Austria-Hungarian prototype single seat biplane built in 1917 by Lohnerwerke GmbH. The fuselage was a laminated wood construction. The wing struts were an "I" requiring no wires tor structural stability. Power was provided by an Austro-Daimler engine generating 185 hp (138 kW) The design went through several changes during the development process. Three prototypes were built. The performance of the aircraft was not an improvement on existing models already in production. Lackluster flight results led to Flars not approving the D.I for production.

Lohner DI (Series 111)
  • Role: prototype fighter biplane
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Lohnerwerke GmbH
  • Construction Date: 1917
  • Number Built: 3
  • Status: Prototype
  • Variants
    • Lohner 10.20 (type AA) later rebuilt as Lohner 10.20
    • Lohner 10.20 later identified serial number DI 111.01
    • Lohner10.20B later identified as serial number D.I 111.02
    • Lohner D.I number 111.03
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler power 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Propellers: 1 × wooden two-blade
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 10 in (7.60 m)
  • Wing Area: 65.8 ft² (20.0 m²)
  • Length: 20 ft 10⅞ in (6.35 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 9¾ in (3.0 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,374 lb (623 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1 960 lb (889 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 109 mph (175 kph)
  • Rate of Climb: 2 minutes 40 seconds to 3281 ft (1000 m)
  • Crew: 1

References

  1. Grosz, Peter, the Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One, Flying Machines Press, 2002, ISBN 1-891268-05-8

Phönix D.I - D.II

Phönix D-I
Phönix D-I - 1917
Phönix D-II
Phönix D-II - 1917

The Phönix D.I was an Austro-Hungarian First World War biplane fighter built by the Phönix Flugzeug-Werke and based on the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I.
[Read more]

Phönix D.I
  • Type: Biplane fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer : Phönix Flugzeug-Werke
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Primary user: KuKLFT
  • Number Built: 158
  • Powerplant:
    • (D.I) 1 × Hiero 6-cylinder inline piston, 200 hp (149 kW)
    • (D.III) 1 × Hiero 6-cylinder inline piston, 230hp (172kW)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 11¾ in (9.75 m)
  • Length: 21 ft 9¾ in (6.65 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 2¼ in (2.80 m)
  • Gross Weight: 1775 lb (805 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 112 mph (180 km/h)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 19,685 ft (6000 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronised fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Phönix D.I. (2010, February 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:22, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ph%C3%B6nix_D.I&oldid=343856688
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.
  3. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft" (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
  4. Lamberton, W.M. (1960). "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Herts: Harleyford Publications Ltd.. pp. 22-23.