Albatros Flugzeugwerke

Albatros-Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer best known for supplying the German airforces during World War I. The company was based in Johannisthal, Berlin, where it was founded by Walter Huth and Otto Wiener on December 20, 1909. It produced some of the most capable fighter aircraft of World War I, notably the Albatros D.III and Albatros D.V. The works continued to operate until 1931, when it was merged into Focke-Wulf.

Albatros Aircraft 1914

Albatros B.I

Albatros B.I -1914
Albatros B.I - 1914

The Albatros B.I was a German military reconnaissance aircraft designed in 1913 and which saw service during World War I.

It was a two-seat biplane of conventional configuration which seated the observer and pilot in separate cockpits in tandem. The wings were originally of three-bay design, later changed to two-bay, unstaggered configuration. A floatplane version was developed as the W.I.

B.Is were withdrawn from front line service in 1915 but examples served as trainers for the remainder of the War.

Albatros B.I
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • First Flight: 1913
  • Entered Service: 1914
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Germany
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.I, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 11 in (14.30 m)
  • Wing area: 463 ft² (43 m²)
  • Length: 28 ft 1 in (8.55 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 6 in (3.5 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,300 lb (600 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,800 lb (800 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 60 mph 100 km/h()
  • Range: 400 mi (650 km)
  • Rate of climb: 200 ft/min (1 m/s)
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament: None

References

  1. Albatros B.I. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 22:15, August 29, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_B.I&oldid=360031337
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 51.

Albatros B.II

Albatros B.II - 1914
Albatros B.II - 1914

The Albatros B.II was an unarmed German two-seat reconnaissance biplane of the First World War.

Designed by Ernst Heinkel based on his 1913 Albatros B.I, the B.II was the aircraft that brought the aircraft manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke to the world's attention.
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Albatros B.II
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: 1914
  • Entered Service: 1914
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: 42 ft 0 in (12.80 m)
  • Wing area: 463 ft² (43 m²)
  • Length: 25 ft 0 in (7.63 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 4 in (3.15 m)
  • Loaded weight: 2,361 lb (1,071 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 57 kn, 66 mph (105 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 9,840 ft (3,000 m)
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament: None

References

  1. Albatros B.II. (2010, August 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:29, August 29, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_B.II&oldid=377259826
  2. Jarrett, Philip. "The Allies' Albatros". Aeroplane (IPC) (July 2010): p82-87.

Albatros Aircraft 1915

Albatros C.I

Albatros C.I - 1915
Albatros C.I - 1915

The Albatros C.I was the first of the successful C-series of two-seat general-purpose biplanes built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke during World War I. Based on the unarmed Albatros B.II, the C.I reversed the pilot and observer seating so that the observer occupied the rear cockpit which was fitted with a ring-mounted 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun.

When the C.I first appeared in early 1915, its good handling and powerful 150 hp (110 kW) Benz Bz.III engine gave it an edge over most Allied aircraft. During development of the type, successively more powerful engines were fitted, culminating in the 130 kW (180 hp) Argus As III which allowed the final version of the C.Ia to achieve 87 mph (140 km/h) at sea level with an operational ceiling of 9,840 ft (3,000 m). A dual-control variant, designated the C.Ib, was built as a trainer aircraft by Mercur Flugzeugbau. Improvements to the C.I resulted in the Albatros C.III which became the most prolific of the Albatros C-types.

While the C.I was operated mainly in a reconnaissance and observation role, it also had some success as an early fighter aircraft - Oswald Boelcke claimed his first victory while flying a C.I with Lt. von Wühlisch as the gunner. Germany's most famous World War I aviator, Manfred von Richthofen, also began his career as an observer in the C.I on the Eastern Front.

Albatros C.I
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Introduced: 1915
  • Retired: 1917
  • Developed from: Albatros B.II
  • Variants:
    • C.I: Two-seat reconnaissance aircraft. First production version.
    • C.Ia: Improved version powered by more powerful Argus As III engine.
    • C.Ib: Dual-control training version built by Mercur Flugzeugbau.
    • C.I-V: Experimenal aircraft. One built.
  • Operators:
    • German Empire: Luftstreitkräfte
    • Lithuania: Lithuanian Air Force operated this type postwar.
    • Poland: Polish Air Force operated 49 aircraft postwar.
  • Powerplant: 1× Benz Bz.III liquid-cooled inline engine, 150 hp (112 kW)
  • Wingspan: 42 ft 4 in (12.9 m)
  • Length: 25 ft 9 in (7.85 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 4 in (3.14 m)
  • Loaded weight: 2,620 lb (1,190 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 76 kn, 87 mph (140 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 9,840 ft (3,000 m)
  • Endurance: 2.5 hrs
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in observer's cockpit

References

  1. Albatros C.I. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:36, October 14, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_C.I&oldid=360031353
  2. Cowin, H.W. "German and Austrian Aviation of World War I". Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2000 ISBN 1-841-76069-2
  3. van Wyngarden, G (2006). "Early German Aces of World War I", Osprey Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-841-76997-5

Albatros C-III

Albatros C.III - 1915
Albatros C.III - 1915

The Albatros C.III was a German two-seat general-purpose biplane of World War I, built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke. The C.III was a refined version of the successful Albatros C.I and was eventually produced in greater numbers than any other C-type Albatros. It was used in a wide variety of roles including observation, photo-reconnaissance, light-bombing and bomber escort.

Like its predecessor, the C.III was a popular aircraft with rugged construction and viceless handling. The most prominent difference between the two was the revised tail, the C.III having a lower, rounded tail compared to the large, triangular tail of the C.I, granting the C.III greater agility. The powerplant was either a 110 kW (150 hp) Benz Bz. III or a 120 kW (160 hp) Mercedes D.III inline engine and, like numerous other two-seaters of the war (such as the British Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8) the cylinder head and exhaust manifold protruded above the front fuselage, limiting the pilot's forward visibility.
[Read more]

Albatros C.III
  • Type: Reconnaissance/Bomber
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary Users: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 4 in (11.69 m)
  • Wing Area: 397 ft² (36.91 m²)
  • Length: 26 ft 3 in (8 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 2 in (3.10 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,876 lb (851 kg)
  • Max takeoff Weight: 2,983 lb (1,353 kg)
  • Powerplant:
    • 1 × Benz Bz.III, liquid-cooled inline engine 150 hp (112 kW)
    • or
    • 1 ×Mercedes D.III liquid-cooled inline engine, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Maximum speed: 87 mph (140 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 11,000 ft (3,350 m)
  • Endurance: 4 hours
    • Crew: two
    • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) MG 08 in the nose
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in observer's cockpit
    • Bombs: up to 200 lbs of bombs

References

  1. Albatros C.III. (2010, August 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 22:22, August 29, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_C.III&oldid=379051127
  2. Sharpe, Michael. Biplanes, "Triplanes, and Seaplanes", pg.28. London, England: Friedman/Fairfax Books , 2000. ISBN 1-58663-300-7.
  3. Y. MIlanov: "The aviation in Bulgaria in the wars from 1912 to 1945", Vol.I. Sveti Gueorgui Pobedonosetz, Sofia, 1995 (in Bulgarian)
  4. Bernád, Dénes. "Balkan Birds: Thirty Five Years of Bulgarian Aircraft Production". Air Enthusiast (Stamford, Lincs, UK: Key Publishing) (94, July/August 2001): 18-30. ISSN 0143-5450.

Albatros Aircraft 1916

Albatros C.V

Albatros C.V - 1916
Albatros C.V - 1916

The Albatros C.V was a German military reconnaissance aircraft which saw service in early 1916.

The C.V was Albatros Flugzeugwerke's first revision of their B- and C-type reconnaissance aircraft since Ernst Heinkel left the firm for Hansa-Brandenburg. While retaining the same basic layout as the Heinkel-designed aircraft, the C.V featured considerably refined streamlining. The forward fuselage was skinned in sheet metal and a neat, rounded spinner covered the propeller boss. Power was provided by the new Mercedes D.IV, a geared eight-cylinder engine.

The initial production version, designated C.V/16, suffered from heavy control forces and inadequate engine cooling. Albatros therefore produced the C.V/17 with a new lower wing, as well as balanced ailerons and elevators. The fuselage-mounted radiators were replaced by a single flush radiator in the upper wing.
[Read more]

Albatros C.V
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Entered Service: early 1916
  • Retired: early 1917
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: Aproximately 400
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.IV, 164 kW (220 hp)
  • Wingspan: 12.78 m (41 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 43.4 m² (467 ft²)
  • Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)
  • Empty Weight: 1,069 kg (2,357 lb)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,585 kg (3,494 lb)
  • Maximum Speed: 170 km/h (110 mph)
  • Range: 450 km (280 miles)
  • Service Ceiling: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
  • Rate of Climb: 2.1 m/s (410 ft/min)
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) ring-mounted Parabellum MG14 or Spandau LMG 08/15 machine gun for observer
    • Bombs: 180 kg (400 lb) of bombs

References

  1. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 52.
  2. Grosz, Peter M. (2002). "Albatros C.V. Windsock Datafile 81" Berkhamsted: Albatros Productions Ltd..

Albatros C.VII

Albatros C.VII - 1916
Albatros C.VII - 1916

The Albatros C.VII was a German military reconnaissance aircraft which saw service during World War I. It was a revised and re-engined development of the C.V which had proved disappointing in service.

The C.VII replaced the C.V's unreliable Mercedes D.IV inline water-cooled 8 cylinder engine with the dependable Benz Bz.IV 200 hp (150 kW) 6 cylinder inline water-cooled engine.Once again the radiators were placed on the fuselage sides and the lower wing reverted to the raked tips of the C.V/16. The complete tail assembly was identical to that of the C.V/17.

The refinements made to the control surfaces, created an aircraft with excellent handling characteristics. The Albatros C.VII soon made up the bulk of German reconnaissance aircraft, with as many as 350 serving on all Fronts by February of 1917. The Albatros C.VII played an important role in the 1916/17 winter campaigns.
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Albatros C.VII
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Retired: mid 1917
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: Over 600
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz.IV, inline water-cooled engine, 200 hp (150 kW)
  • Wingspan: 41 ft 11 in (12.78 m)
  • Wing area: 467 ft² (43.4 m²)
  • Length: 28 ft 6 in (8.70 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 6 in (3.8 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2,180 lb (989 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 3,420 lb (1,550 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (170 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,500 ft (5,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 630 ft/min (3.2 m/s)
  • Endurance: 3 hours 20 minutes
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 1 × fixed forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Spandau LMG 08/15 machine gun
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) trainable Parabellum MG14 machine gun in the observer's cockpit
    • Bombs: 90 kg (200 lb) of bombs

References

  1. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 52-53.
  2. Grosz, Peter M. (1999). "Albatros C.VII. Windsock Datafile 77" Berkhamsted: Albatros Productions Ltd..

Albatros D.I

Albatros D.I - 1916
Albatros D.I - 1916

The Albatros D.I was a German fighter aircraft used during World War I. Although its operational career was short, it was the first of the Albatros D types which equipped the bulk of the German and Austrian fighter squadrons (Jagdstaffeln) for the last two years of the war.

The D.I was designed by Robert Thelen, R. Schubert and Gnädig, as an answer to the latest Allied fighters, such as the Nieuport 11 Bébé and the Airco D.H.2, which had proved superior to the Fokker Eindecker and other early German fighters, and established a general Allied air superiority. It was ordered in June 1916 and introduced into squadron service that August.1

The D.I used a paneled plywood semi-monocoque fuselage, which was lighter and stronger than the fabric-skinned box-type fuselage then in common use, as well being easier to give an aerodynamically clean shape. On the other hand it was less costly to manufacture than a "full monocoque" fuselage. It was powered by either a 110 kW (150 hp) Benz Bz.III or a 120 kW (160 hp) Mercedes D.III six-cylinder watercooled inline engine. The D.I thus became the most powerful fighter aircraft yet introduced by the Luftstreitkräfte. The additional power enabled twin fixed Spandau machineguns to be fitted without any loss in performance.
[Read more]

Albatros D.I
  • Role: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed By: Robert Thelen
  • Introduced: 1916
  • Primary User: German Empire Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: 50
  • Powerplant:
  • 1 × Benz Bz.III six-cylinder watercooled inline engine 150 hp (110 kW)
  • or
  • 1 × Mercedes D.III six-cylinder watercooled inline engine 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 27 ft 11 in (8.50 m)
  • Wing Area: 247 ft² (22.9 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 3.5 in (7.40 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8 in (2.95 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,422 lb (645 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 1,809 lb (898 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (175 km/h)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Service Ceiling: 9,840 ft (3,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 547 ft/min (2.8 m/s)
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros D.I. (2010, December 30). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 16:54, January 3, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_D.I&oldid=404943660
  2. Cheesman, E.F. (1960). "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Harleyford Publications, P.108.
  3. Munson, Kenneth (1968). "Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft 1914-1919 War". Blndford Press.
  4. Taylor, John W.R. (1969). "Albatros D.I and D.II. Combat Aircraft of the World from 1909 to the Present".. Putman.
  5. Grey & Thetford (1962-70). "German Aircraft of the First World War" (2nd ed.). Putnam & Company, p.39.

Albatros D.II

Albatros D.II - 1916
Albatros D.II - 1916

The Albatros D.II was a modified version of the Albatros D.I. Pilots complained that the D.I offered poor visibility from the cockpit. To solve this problem, the D.IIs upper wing was brought closer to the fuselage. Mounted to the fuselage in front of the pilot, the D.IIs twin, synchronous machine guns set the standard for other German and Allied fighters. By the end of 1916, increased production of the Albatros gave Germany numerical superiority in the air war.

Albatros designers Thelen, Schubert and Gnädig produced the D.II in response to pilot complaints about poor upward vision in the Albatros D.I. The solution was to reposition the upper wing 36 cm (14 in) closer to the fuselage and stagger it forward slightly. Rearrangement of the cabane struts also improved forward view. The D.II otherwise retained the same fuselage, engine installation, and armament as the D.I. Basic performance was unchanged. Idflieg ordered an initial batch of 100 D.II aircraft in August 1916.
[Read more]

Albatros D.II
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • Designed by: Robert Thelen
  • First Introduced: 1916
  • Powerplant: Mercedes D.IIIa, water cooled 6 cylinder in-line, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wing Span: 27 ft 10.75 in (8.5 m)
  • Length: 24 ft 3 in (7.4 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 6.5 in (2.95 m)
  • Wing Area: 264 ft² (24.5 m²)
  • Empty weight: 1,404 lb (637 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,954 lbs (888 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 109 mph (175 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 17,060 ft (5,200 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 3 m/s (596 ft/min)
  • Endurance: 1 hour 30 mins
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros D.II, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_D.II"
  2. Cheesman, E.F. (1960). "Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War". Harleyford Publications.
  3. Munson, Kenneth (1968). "Fighters, Attack and Training Aircraft of the 1914-1919 War". Blandford Press.
  4. Taylor, John W.R. (1969). "Albatros D.I and D.II". Combat Aircraft of the World from 1909 to the Present.. Putman.
  5. Grey & Thetford (1962-70). "German Aircraft of the First World War" (2nd ed.). Putnam &Company.

Albatros D.III

Albatros D.III - 1916
Albatros D.III - 1916

The Albatros D.III was a biplane fighter aircraft used by the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) and the Austro-Hungarian Air Service (Luftfahrtruppen) during World War I. The D.III was flown by many top German aces, including Manfred von Richthofen, Ernst Udet, Erich Löwenhardt, Kurt Wolff, and Karl Emil Schäfer. It was the preeminent fighter during the period of German aerial dominance known as "Bloody April" 1917.

Work on the prototype D.III started in late July or early August 1916. The date of the maiden flight is unknown, but is believed to have occurred in late August or early September. Following on the successful Albatros D.I and D.II series, the D.III utilized the same semi-monocoque, plywood-skinned fuselage. At the request of the Idflieg (Inspectorate of Flying Troops), however, the D.III adopted a sesquiplane wing arrangement broadly similar to the French Nieuport 11. The upper wing was extended while the lower wing was redesigned with reduced chord and a single main spar. "V" shaped interplane struts replaced the previous parallel struts. For this reason, British aircrews commonly referred to the D.III as the "V-strutter."
[Read more]

Albatros D.III
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designed by: Robert Thelen
  • First Flight : August 1916
  • Number Built: approximately 1866
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIa inline water cooled engine, 170 hp (127 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 6 in (9.00 m)
  • Length: 24 ft 0 in (7.33 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)
  • Wing Area: 254 ft² (23.6 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 1,532 lb (695 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,949 lb (886 kg)
  • Max Takeoff Weight: 2,105 lb (955 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 94 kn, 109 mph (175 km/h) at sea level
  • Service Ceiling: 18,044 ft (5,500 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 886ft/min (4.5 m/s)
  • Wing Loading: 7.67 lb/ft² (37.5 kg/m²)
  • Power/Mass: 0.081 hp/lb (0.13 kW/kg)
  • Range: 261 nmi, 300 mi (480 km)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: one
  • Armament: 2 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros D.III, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_D.III"
  2. Connors, John F. "Albatros Fighters In Action" (Aircraft No. 46). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1981. ISBN 0-89747-115-6.
  3. Franks, Norman, Hal Giblin and Nigel McCrery. "Under the Guns of the Red Baron: Complete Record of Von Richthofen's Victories and Victims". London: Grub Street, 1998 p. 59. ISBN 1-84067-145-9.
  4. Grosz, Peter M. "Albatros D.III" (Windsock Datafile Special). Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 2003 p. 6, p. 8, pp. 11, 13, p. 18-19, pp. 21-22. ISBN 1-90220-762-9.
  5. Grosz, Peter M., George Haddow and Peter Schiemer. "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War I". Boulder, CO: Flying Machines Press, 2002 p. 249, p. 251. ISBN 1-89126-805-8.
  6. Mikesh, Robert C. "Albatros D.Va. : German Fighter of World War I". Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1980. ISBN 0-87474-633-7
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Albatros Aces of World War I Part 2" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 77). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2007 p. 19. ISBN 1-84603-179-6

Albatros G.III

Albatros G.III - 1916
Albatros G.III - 1916

The Albatros Flugzeugwerke began experiments for developing a Großkampfflugzeug or large battle aircraft with the construction of the unsuccessful and underpowered Albatros G.I. The next stage of development was the prototype Albatros G.II, which was fitted with more powerful engines. Performance was still judged to be inadequate and development continued as the Albatros G.III

The Albatros G.III was a German medium bomber aircraft developed during World War I. It was a large, single-bay biplane of unequal span and unstaggered wings. Power was provided by two Benz Bz.IVa 220 hp (164 kW) pusher engines installed in nacelles carried between the wings. An unusual feature of the design was that the lower wing was provided with cutouts for the large propellers, allowing the engine nacelles to be mounted further forward than would have been otherwise possible.

Armament comprised two trainable .0312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine guns - one each in the nose and rear cockpits - plus 720 lb (325 kg) of bombs.

The G.II prototype first flew in mid-1916 and G.III entered service in Macedonia and elsewhere in 1917. The Albatros G.III only entered limited production, few examples of the aircraft were built.

Albatros G.III
  • Role: Bomber
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • First flight: mid 1916
  • Introduced: 1917
  • Primary user: German Empire Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 2 × Benz Bz.IVa, 220 hp (164 kW) each
  • Wingspan: 59 ft 0 in1 (8.0 m)
  • Wing area: 850 ft² (79.0 m²)
  • Length: 39 ft 0 in (11.9 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 9 in (4.2 m)
  • Empty weight: 4,550 lb (2,064 kg)
  • Gross weight: 6,945 lb (3,150 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 94 mph (150 km/h)
  • Range: 370 miles (600 km)
  • Service ceiling: 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 260 ft/min (1.3 m/s)
  • Crew: three, pilot, observer, and engineer
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 2 × .0312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine guns
    • Bombs: 720 lb (325 kg) of bombs

References

  1. Albatros G.II. (2010, August 1). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:22, March 18, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_G.II&oldid=376610297
  2. Albatros G.III. (2011, February 20). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:30, March 18, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_G.III&oldid=414942204
  3. Albatros G III 1916 the Virtual Aircraft Museum Retrieved 12:22, March 18, 2011, from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/albatros_g3.php
  4. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 53-59.
  5. Chant, Chris (2000). The World's Great Bombers: 1914 to the Present Day. Rochester: Grange Books.

Albatros W.IV

Albatros W.IV - 1916
Albatros W.IV - 1916

The Albatros W.IV was a German floatplane version of the D.II with new wing and tail surfaces. Albatros Flugzeugwerke built 128 examples (including one prototype) between June 1916 and December 1917. The first test flight for the prototype (No 747) was in June 1916. The Albatros W.IV served with the Kaiserliche Marine, operating in the North Sea and Baltic theatres of war and later as trainers.

The Albatros W.IV was powered by the same 160 hp (120 kW) Mercedes D.III water-cooled inline engine which was fitted to the Albatros D.II and the design was based around the same fuselage, the W.IV was armed with either one or two 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns.

Albatros W.IV
  • Type: Floatplane Biplane Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: 1916
  • Number Built: 128
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III, inline water-cooled 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 2 in (9.50 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 2 in (3.7 m)
  • Length: 27 ft 11 in (8.50 m)
  • Wing area: 340 ft² (31.6 m²)
  • Empty weight: 1,740 lb (790 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,360 lb (1,070 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
  • Range: 280 miles (450 km)
  • Service ceiling: 9,840 ft (3,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 650 ft/min (3.3 m/s)
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 1 or 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros W.4. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:48, August 29, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_W.4&oldid=360031523
  2. Green, W. & Swanborough, G. (1994). "The Complete Book of Fighters". London: Salamander Books. ISBN 1-85833-777-1
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. p. 56.

Albatros Aircraft 1917

Albatros C.X

Albatros C.X  - 1917
Albatros C.X - 1917

The Albatros C.X was a German military reconnaissance aircraft which saw service during World War I.

The Albatros production of the C.X model continued their commitment to producing capable reconnaissance aircraft. The C.X was designed to improve upon a successful family of aircraft by adding a more aerodynamic fuselge and improved powerplants.

It was essentially an enlarged development of the C.VII designed to take advantage of the new Mercedes D.IVa engine that became available in 1917. Unlike the C.VII that preceded it in service, the C.X utilised the top wing spar-mounted radiator that had first been tried on the C.V/17. Other important modernisation features included the carriage of oxygen for the crew, and radio equipment. A total of 400 Albatros C.X aircraft were built in five orders issued by Idflieg from October 1916 to January 1917.

Albatros C.X
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Germany
  • Number Built: >300
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.IVa, in-line watercooled engine, 260 hp (190 kW)
  • Wingspan: 47 ft 1 in (14.36 m)
  • Wing Area: 459 ft² (42.7 m²)
  • Length: 30 ft 0 in (9.15 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 2 in (3.4 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2,320 lb (1,050 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 3,677 lb (1,668 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (175 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,500 ft (5,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 660 ft/min (3.3 m/s)
  • Endurance: 3 hours 25 min
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Spandau LMG 08/15 machine gun
    • 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun for observer

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros C.X,"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_C.X"
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 53.
  3. Grosz, Peter M. "Albatros C.X. Windsock Datafile 114" Berkhamsted: Albatros Productions Ltd..

Albatros D.V

Albatros D.Va - 1917
Albatros D.V - 1917

The Albatros D.V was a fighter aircraft used by the Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Air Service) during World War I. The D.V was the final development of the Albatros D.I family, and the last Albatros fighter to see operational service. Despite its well-known structural shortcomings and general obsolescence, approximately 900 D.V and 1,612 D.Va aircraft were built before production halted in early 1918. The D.Va continued in operational service until the end of the war.

In April 1917, Albatros received an order from the Idflieg (Inspektion der Fliegertruppen) for an improved version of the D.III. The prototype flew later that month.

The resulting D.V closely resembled the D.III and used the same 127 kW (170 hp) Mercedes D.IIIa engine. The most notable difference was a new fuselage which was 32 kg (70 lb) lighter than that of the D.III. The elliptical cross-section required an additional longeron on each side of the fuselage. The prototype D.V retained the standard rudder of the Johannisthal-built D.III, but production examples used the enlarged rudder featured on D.IIIs built by Ostdeutsche Albatros Werke (OAW). The D.V also featured a larger spinner and ventral fin.
[Read more]

Albatros D.V
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros-Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: April 1917
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: approximately 2500
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIaü 6-cylinder water-cooled inline engine, 180 hp (134 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 8 in (9.04 m)
  • Wing area: 228.5 ft² (21.20 m²)
  • Length: 24 ft 1 in (7.33 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.70 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,515 lb (687 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 2,066 lb (937 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 116 mph (187 km/h) at sea level
  • Service ceiling: 18,045 ft (5,500 m)
  • Wing loading: (44 kg/m²)
  • Time to climb: 4.35 min to 3,600 ft (1,000 m)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing fixed synchronized 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros D.V, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_D.V"
  2. Bennett, Leon. "Gunning for the Red Baron". College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2006. ISBN 1-58544-507-X.
  3. Connors, John F. "Albatros Fighters in Action" (Aircraft No. 46). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc, p. 22, p. 124. 1981. ISBN 0-89747-115-6.
  4. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". London: Salamander Books, 1994. ISBN 0-83173-939-8.
  5. Grosz, Peter M. "Albatros D.III (Windsock Datafile Special)". Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-90220-762-9.
  6. Mikesh, Robert C. "Albatros D.Va. : German Fighter of World War I". Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1980, p. 7, p. 15, p. 17. ISBN 0-87474-633-7
  7. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Albatros Aces of World War I Part 2" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 77). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2007, p. 40, p. 65. ISBN 1-84603-179-6.

Albatros D VII

Albatros D.VII
Albatros D.VII - 1917

Flown in August 1917, the D.VII was powered by a 195hp Benz Bz Illb eight-cylinder water-cooled Vee engine. Strut-linked ailerons were carried by all wings and armament comprised two 7.92mm machine guns. The characteristics of the D.VII offered an insufficient advance to warrant development beyond prototype status.

Albatros D VII
  • Role: Fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: August 1917
  • Number Built: 1
  • Status: Prototype
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz Illb V-eight cylinder water-cooled engine 195 hp (145 kW)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 7 in (9.32 m)
  • Length: 22 ft 8 in (6.61 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1389 lb (630 kg)
  • Take-off Weight: 1951 lb (885 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 127 mph (204 km/h)
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros D VII 1917 the Virtual Aircraft Museum

Albatros Dr.I

Albatros Dr.I-1917
Albatros Dr.I - 1917

The Albatros Dr.I is one of those planes that should have been good but wasn't. During the First World War, aviation was in its infancy and a number of interesting designs were flown, but never accepted for service. The Albatros Dr.I was one of those designs.

After the appearance of the Sopwith Triplane, manufacturers in Germany were requested to give thought to the triplane format. Built to try to improve climb performance, the Albatros Dr I had a DVa fuselage and powerplant, serial D 1573/17 with wings of equal cord and span. All three wings had ailerons connected by vertical steel struts.
[Read more]

Albatros Dr.I
  • Type: Experimental Triplane Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Werke GmbH
  • Designed By: Gustave Delage
  • First Flight: September 1917
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Status: Prototype
  • Number built: 2
  • Powerplant: Mercedes IIIa, water cooled 6 cylinder in-line, 180 hp (134 kW)
  • Wing Span:
  • Length: 24 ft 0.5 in
  • Height:
  • Loaded Weight:
  • Maximum Speed:
  • Service Ceiling:
  • Endurance:
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward firing Spandau 7.92mm machine guns

Albatros J.I

Albatros J.I - 1917
Albatros J.I - 1917

The Albatros J.I was a German purpose built ground-attack aircraft of World War I. Operationally the design was a success, the main drawback of the type was that the armor was found to be inadequate for its role. The first flight was in 1917, and the J.I entered service the same year. The J.I served through the remainder of the war, and wass retired in 1921

The J.I utilized the wings and tail of the C.XII reconnaissance aircraft while adding a new slab-sided fuselage. The crew compartment was protected by 490 kg (1,080 lb) of steel armor plate, while the engine was left unprotected. Power was provided by the 150 kW (200 hp) Benz Bz.IV, which gave marginal performance when combined with the heavy J.I airframe. The fixed 7.92 mm (.312 in) "Spandau" LMG 08/15 machine guns fired downward to facilitate strafing ground targets. Defensive fire was provided by a single trainable 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in the observer's cockpit

Albatros J.I
  • Type: Ground-attack aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Retired: 1921
  • Primary Users: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Buil: ~240
  • Powerplan: 1 × Benz Bz.IV, 200 hp (150 kW)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 5 in (14.14 m)
  • Wing Area: 463 ft² (43.0 m²)
  • Length: 28 ft 10 in (8.80 m)
  • Heigh: 11 ft 1 in (3.37 m)
  • Empty Weigh: 3,082 lb (1,398 kg)
  • Gross Weigh: 3,986 lb (1,808 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 90 mph (140 km/h)
  • Range: 220 miles (350 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 14,800 ft (4,500 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 400 ft/min (2 m/s)
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 2 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) "Spandau" LMG 08/15 machine guns, fixed downward
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in the observer's cockpit

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros J.I, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_J.I"
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962. ISBN 0-93385-271-1.

Albatros J-II

Albatros J.II - 1917
Albatros J.II

The Albatros J.II was a German single-engine, single-seat, biplane ground-attack aircraft of World War I.

The J.2 armored reconnaissance biplane was an improvement on the J.1 with the armor plate extending to the nose to protect the more powerful 220 hp Benz IVa engine. The J.II dispensed with the propeller spinner of the earlier aircraft. Per A. Imrie, twenty machines were at the front in August 1918. The plane originally had two downward firing machine guns exiting through the fuselage floor between the undercarriage legs. This arrangement was abandoned since low altitude operations made sighting very difficult.

Albatros J.II
  • Role: Ground-attack aircraft
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Primary user: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz.IVa, 164 kW (220 hp)
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 2 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) "Spandau" LMG 08/15 machine guns, fixed downward
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun in the observer's cockpit

References

  1. Albatros J.II WWI Plastic Model airplanes built by Dennis Ugulano Retrieved from http://wwi.priswell.com/german/albatros/index.htm#albj2
  2. Albatros J.II. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:23, November 15, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_J.II&oldid=360031451
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 55.

Albatros Aircraft 1918

Albatros C.XII

Albatros C.XII  - 1917
Albatros C.XII s/n 2156/17
Albatros C.XII  - 1919
Albatros C.XII 6 Eskadra Lotnicza, s/n 1832/17 - 1919

The Albatros C.XII was a German military reconnaissance aircraft which saw service during the late period of World War I. It differed markedly from previous Albatros C-type aircraft by adopting an elliptical-section fuselage similar to that of the Albatros D.V. The C.XII also featured a tailplane of reduced area, but it retained the wings of the earlier Albatros C.X.
[Read more]

Albatros C.XII
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.IVa, inline water-cooled engine, 260 hp (190 kW)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 4 in (14.12 m)
  • Wing Area: 459 ft² (42.7 m²)
  • Length: 29 ft (8.84 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,280 lb (580 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,340 lb (1,061 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (178 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 18,500 ft (5,640 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 820 ft/min (4.2 m/s)
  • Endurance: 4 hours 20 min
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Gun - Pilot: 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) "Spandau" LMG 08/15 machine gun
    • Gun - Observer: 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) trainable Parabellum MG14 machine gun for observer

References

  1. From Wikipedia Albatros C.XII, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_C.XII"
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions. pp. 53.
  3. Grosz, Peter M. (2007). "Windsock Datafile 126 Albatros C.XII" Vol.1. Berkhamsted: Albatros Productions Ltd..
  4. Grosz, Peter M. (2008). "Windsock Datafile 129 Albatros C.XII" Vol.2. Berkhamsted: Albatros Productions Ltd..

Albatros C.XV

Albatros C.XV - 1918
Albatros C.XV
Albatros C.XV - 1919
Albatros C.XV Summer-1919
Air Detachment in Name of Count Keller-Western Volunteer Army

The Albatros C.XV was a German military reconnaissance aircraft developed during World War I. It was essentially a refinement of the C.XII put into production in 1918. The war ended before any examples became operational, however some found their way into civilian hands and flew as transport aircraft in peacetime under the factory designation L 47. Others saw service with the air forces of Russia, Turkey, and Latvia.

Albatros C.XV
  • Role: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • Nation of Origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Factory Designation: L 47
  • Primary Operator: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.IVa, 260 hp (190 kW)
  • Wingspan: 47 ft 2 in (14.37 m)
  • Wing Area: 459 ft² (42.7 m²)
  • Length: 29 ft 0 in (8.85 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2,250 lb (1,021 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 3,613 lb (1,639 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 110 mph (175 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Spandau LMG 08/15 machine gun
    • 1 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) Parabellum MG14 machine gun for observer

References

  1. Albatros C.XV. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 00:47, July 17, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_C.XV&oldid=360031378
  2. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 53.

Albatros D.IX

Albatros D.IX - 1918
Albatros D.IX - 1918

Albatros D.IX was a German prototype single-seat fighter built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke in early 1918. During this time Germany had its back to the wall, resources were becoming in short supply and simple cost effective aircrft were needed. The design of the D.IX was meant to streamline manufacturing. It differed from previous Albatros fighter designs by using a simplified fuselage with a flat bottom and slab sides. The wings and tail were similar to those of the unsuccessful Albatros D.VII.

Power was provided by a Mercedes D.IIIa in-line water cooled engine producing 180 hp (130 kW). The D.IX was armed with twin synchronised 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns. The test flight of the prototype revealed the performance of the aircraft to be disappointing. Because of the performance report the project was quickly discontinued without any more examples being built.

Albatros D.IX
  • Role: Experimental fighter aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Germany
  • Year Built: 1918
  • Number Built: 1
  • Status: Prototype only
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler D IlIa engine 180 hp (130 kW)
  • Wingspan: 34.121 ft (10.400 m)
  • Length: 21.818 ft (6.650 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1492.8 lbs (677.0 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1977.9 lbs (897.0 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 84 kts 96 mph (155 km/h)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros D.IX. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:02, June 18, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_D.IX&oldid=360031403
  2. Albatros D.IX. The Virtual Aircraft Museum Retrieved 01:52, June 18, 2011, from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/albatros_d-9.php
  3. Albatros D.IX. The Virtual Aviation Museum Retrieved 01:55, June 18, 2011, from http://www.luftfahrtmuseum.com/htmi/itf/albd9.htm
  4. Green, W. & Swanborough, G. (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 1-85833-777-1
  5. Grosz, Peter M. Albatros Experimentals- Forgotten Fighters 1. Windsock Datafile Specials Albatros Productions Limited (1 Jan 1992) ISBN-10: 0948414456 ISBN-13: 978-0948414459
  6. Frederic P. Miller (Editor), Agnes F. Vandome (Editor), John McBrewster (Editor). Albatros D.IX. March 2011. VDM Publishing House Ltd. ISBN-13: 9786135508215 ISBN: 6135508210

Albatros D X

Albatros D.X - 1918
Albatros D X - 1918

The Albatros D.X was a German prototype single-seat fighter biplane developed in 1918 in parallel with the D.IX. It used the same slab-sided, flat-bottomed fuselage (a departure from previous Albatros designs) but was powered by a 195 hp (145 kW) Benz Bz.IIIbo water-cooled v-8 engine in place of the D.IX's Mercedes D.IIIa straight-six.

The D.X participated in the second D-type contest at Adlershof in June 1918, but development ceased at the prototype stage. The D.X airframe was use in the design of the Albatros Dr.II triplane.

Albatros D.X
  • Role: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • First Flight: early 1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Status: Prototype
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz.IIIbo V-8 liquid cooled piston engine 195 hp (145 kW)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 3⅜ in (9.84 m)
  • Length: 20 ft 3¼ in (6.18 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0 ⅜ in (2.75 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,465 lb (666 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,991 lb (905 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 106 mph (170 km/h)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros D.X. (2010, Nov. 5) In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:26, June 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albatros_D.X
  2. Albatros D.X. 1918 Virtual Aircraft Museum Retrieved 06:44, March 22, 2011, from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/albatros_d-10.php
  3. Gray, Peter; Thetford, Owen (1962). German Aircraft of the First World War (First edition ed.). London: Putnam.
  4. Green, W. & Swanborough, G. (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 1-85833-777-1
  5. Peter M Grosz Albatros Experimentals- Forgotten Fighters 1. Windsock Datafile Specials Albatros Productions Limited (1 Jan 1992) ISBN-10: 0948414456 ISBN-13: 978-0948414459

Albatros D.XI

Albatros D.XI - 1918
Albatros D.XI sn D.2008/18
Albatros D.XI - 1918
Albatros D.XI sn D.2009/18

The Albatros D.XI was a German single-seat fighter biplane; and the only Albatros fighter to be powered by rotary engine (the 60hp Siemens-Halske Sh.III). The Albatros D.XI presented a departure from customary wire braced Albatros designs by using struts instead of cables to brace the wing cellule.
[Read more]

Albatros D.XI
  • Type: Fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Prototype Completed: March 1918
  • First Flight: May 1918
  • Status: Prototype
  • Number Built: 2
  • Serial Numbers:
    • 2208/18
    • 2209/18
  • Powerplant: 1 × Siemens-Halske Sh.III, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 26 ft 3 in (8.00 m)
  • Wing Area: 199 ft² (18.5 m²)
  • Length: 18 ft 4 in (5.58 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,089 lb (494 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 1,594 lb (723 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 120 mph (190 km/h)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros D.XI. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:26, July 10, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_D.XI&oldid=360031431
  2. Das Virtuelle Luftfahrtmuseum http://www.luftfahrtmuseum.com/htmi/itf/albd11.htm
  3. Albatros D.XI (1:48) by: Brad Cancian AeroScale retrieved 7/11/2010 2:02:57 AM http://aeroscale.kitmaker.net/modules.php?op=modload&name=Reviews&file=index&req=showcontent&id=3445
  4. Green, W.; Swanborough, G. (1994). "The Complete Book of Fighters". London: Salamander Books. ISBN 1-85833-777-1.

Albatros Dr.II

Albatros Dr.II - 1918
Albatros Dr.II

The Albatros Dr.II was a German prototype single-seat fighter triplane, the sole example of which flew in the spring of 1918. It was similar in many respects to the D.X biplane, employing amongst other features the same 145 kW (195 hp) Benz Bz.IIIbo V-8 liquid cooled piston engine and twin 0.312 in (7.92 mm) machine guns.

The three pairs of wings were sharply staggered, braced by broad I-struts and shared parallel chords. All three pairs were equipped with ailerons, linked by hinged struts.
[Read more]

Albatros Dr.II
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Flight: Spring of 1918
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Number Built: 1
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz IVb V-8 liquid cooled piston engine, 145 kW (195 hp)
  • Wingspan: 10.0 m (32 ft 9¾ in)
  • Wing area: 26.6 m² (287 ft²)
  • Length: 6.18 m (20 ft 3¼ in)
  • Height: 3.34 m (10 ft 11½ in)
  • Empty weight: 676 kg (1,487 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 915 kg (2,013 lb)
  • Wing loading: 25.4 kg/m² (5.18 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 0.16 kW/kg (0.097 hp/lb)
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2 × 0.312 in (7.92 mm) machine guns.

Albatros D XII

Albatros D.XII - 1918
Albatros D.XII

The last Albatros fighter of World War I actually completed and flown, the D.XII featured the slab-sided plywood- covered fuselage introduced by the D.X, and the first of two prototypes was flown in March 1918 with a 180 hp Daimler D IlIa engine. The second prototype, fitted with a Bohme undercarriage embodying compressed- air shock absorbers, and unbalanced ailerons of inverse taper in place of the balanced parallel-chord ailerons of the first prototype, followed in April 1918, and was later fitted with a 185 hp BMW IlIa engine for participation in the third D-type contest of October.

The D.XII was difficult to land without digging its large prop into the ground. Preformance Reports stated the aircraft had a high rate of climb. The wing loading of 7.8 lb/ft² indicated that the D.XII must have been very agile. Ernst Udet called it the best fighter of the war. Further production of the Albatros D.XII ended with the Armistace.

Albatros D XII
  • Role: Fighter
  • National Origin: German Empire
  • Manufacturer: Albatros Flugzeugwerke
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • First Flight (first prototype): March 1918
  • First Flight (second prototype): April 1918
  • Number Built: 2
  • Status: Prototype
  • Powerplant:
    • (first prototype): 1 × Daimler D IlIa engine 180 hp (130 kW)
    • (second prototype): 1 × BMW IlIa engine 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Wingspan: 27 ft 11 in (8.20 m)
  • WIng Area: 213.56 ft² (19.84 m²)
  • Length: 19 ft 11⅞ in (5.78 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1279 lb (580 kg)
  • Take-off Weight: 1676 lb (760 kg)
  • Wing Loading: 7.8 lb/ft²
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Armament: 2 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Albatros D.XII. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:51, March 24, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albatros_D.XII&oldid=360031434
  2. Albatros D.XII. 1918 Virtual Aircraft Museum Retrieved 06:44, March 22, 2011, from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/albatros_d-12.php
  3. Green, W. & Swanborough, G. (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 1-85833-777-1
  4. Peter M Grosz Albatros Experimentals- Forgotten Fighters 1. Windsock Datafile Specials Albatros Productions Limited (1 Jan 1992) ISBN-10: 0948414456 ISBN-13: 978-0948414459