Short Bomber

Short Bomber - 1915
Short Bomber - 1915

The Short Bomber was a British two-seat long-range reconnaissance, bombing and torpedo carrying aircraft designed by Short Brothers as a land-based development of the very successful Short Type 184 (of which more than 900 were built and many exported).

The Bomber was a three-bay biplane of wooden structure with fabric covering, originally developed from the Short 184 seaplane's fuselage combined with wings developed from those on the Short Admiralty Type 166 seaplane. The fuselage was of box section with curved upper decking mounted on the lower wing. The tailplane included a split elevator with a single fin and rudder. The undercarriage consisted of a four-wheeled assembly under the nose and a skid under the tail.
[Read more]

Short Bomber
  • Type: Bomber
  • Country: Great Britain
  • Manufacturer: Short Brothers
  • First Flight: 1915
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Retired: April 1917
  • Number Built: 83
  • Powerplant: 1times; Rolls-Royce Eagle liquid-cooled V12 engine, 250 hp (187 kW)
  • Wingspan: 84 ft 0 in (25.61 m)
  • Length: 45 ft 0 in (13.72 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 0 in (4.57 m)
  • Wing Area: 870 ft² (80.9 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 5,000 lb (2,273 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 6,800 lb (3,090 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 67 knots 77 mph, (124 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 10,600 ft (3,200 m)
  • Endurance: 6 hours
  • Climb: to 10,000 ft 93,050 m): 45 min
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament
    • Guns: 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis machine gun
    • Bombs: 8x 112 lb (51 kg) bombs

References

  1. From Wikipedia Short Bomber, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_Bomber"
  2. Barnes, C.H.; James D.N. (1989). Shorts Aircraft since 1900. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-819-4.
  3. Mason, Francis K. (1994). The British Bomber since 1914. London: Putnam Aeronautical Books. ISBN 0 85177 861 5.
  4. Thetford, Owen (1978). British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (Fourth ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 0 370 30021 1.

Short Type 166 Floatplane

Short Admiralty Type 166 - 1914
Short Admiralty Type 166 - 1914

The Short Type 166 was a British two-seat reconnaissance, bombing and torpedo carrying folder seaplane designed by Short Brothers.

The Short Type 166 was designed as a "folder" aircraft to operate from the Ark Royal as a torpedo-bomber. Six aircraft, known within Shorts as the Type A, were originally ordered before the outbreak of World War I and assigned the Admiralty serial numbers 161 to 166. As was normal at the time, the type was designated the Admiralty Type 166 after the naval serial number of the last aircraft in the batch. Sometimes the aircraft are referred to as the Short S.90 (S.90 was the manufacturer's serial number of the first aircraft, naval serial 161).
[Read more]

Short Type 166
  • Type: Torpedo-bomber and reconnaissance floatplane
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Manufacturer: Short Brothers
  • First Flight: 1916
  • Primary User: Royal Naval Air Service
  • Number Built: 26
  • Wingspan: 57 ft 3 in (17.45 m)
  • Wing area: 575 ft² (53.5 m²)
  • Length: 40 ft 7 in (12.38 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 0¾ in (4.29 m)
  • Empty weight: 3,500 lb (1,589 kg)
  • Gross weight: 4580 lb (2080 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson twin row radial, 200 hp (149 kW)
  • Maximum speed: 65 mph (105 km/h)
  • Endurance: 4 hours
  • Crew: 2

References

  1. Short Type 166. (2009, November 1). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:10, November 16, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Short_Type_166&oldid=323298858
  2. Barnes C.H. and James D.N (1989). Shorts Aircraft since 1900. London: Putnam. pp. 560. ISBN 0-85177-819-4.
  3. Bruce, J.M. (1957). British Aeroplanes 1914-18. London: Putnam.
  4. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.

Short Admiralty Type 184

Short Admiralty Type 184 - 1915
Short Admiralty Type 184 - 1915

The Short Type 184 was a British two-seat reconnaissance, bombing and torpedo carrying folder seaplane designed by Short Brothers.

An urgent requirement by the British Admiralty for a torpedo-carrying seaplane was met by a design by Horace Short of Short Brothers, Rochester, England.

The first aircraft flew in early 1915 and 936 aircraft were built by ten different British aircraft companies making it the most successful of Shorts' pre-World War II aircraft.

In August 1915, a Short 184 of piloted by Flight Commander Charles H. K. Edmonds from HMS Ben-my-Chree operating in the Aegean became the first aircraft in the world to attack an enemy ship with an air-launched torpedo.

However, on 17 August 1915, another Turkish ship was sunk by a torpedo of whose origin there can be no doubt. On this occasion Flight Commander C H Edmonds, flying a Short 184, torpedoed a Turkish steamer a few miles north of the Dardanelles. His formation colleague, Flt Lt G B Dacre, was forced to land on the water owing to engine trouble but, seeing an enemy tug close by, taxied up to it and released his torpedo. The tug blew up and sank. Thereafter Dacre was able to take off and return to the Ben-My-Chree.

Flt Lt Dacre later became Air Commodore and was appointed twice as Air Officer Commanding No. 1 School of Technical Training. His widow, Elizabeth Dacre (who had been a distinguished Group Officer in the WAAF), donated his dress sword to the Air Cadet Corps.
[Read more]

Short Type 184
  • Type: Scout / Torpedo bomber
  • Manufacturer: Short Brothers
    • Brush Electrical Engineering Co. Ltd. (190)
    • Frederick Sage & Co. Ltd. (72)
    • J. Samuel White (110)
    • Mann, Egerton & Co. Ltd. (22)
    • Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Company (62)
    • Robey & Co. Ltd.[6] (256)
    • S E Saunders Limited (80)
    • Short Brothers, Rochester (117)
    • Supermarine Aviation Works Ltd. (15)
    • Westland Aircraft Works Ltd. (12)
  • Designed By: Horace Short
  • First Flight: 1915
  • Entered Service: 1915
  • Primary Users:
    • Royal Naval Air Service
    • Royal Flying Corps
    • Hellenic Air Force
    • Estonian Air Force
  • Number Built: 936
  • Variants: Mann Egerton Type B
  • Powerplant: 1 × Sunbeam Gurkha (74 units), Sunbeam Maori, 260 hp (194 kW)
  • Wingspan: 63 ft 6in (19.36 m)
  • Wing Area: 688 ft² (63.9 m²)
  • Length: 40 ft 7 in (12.38 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
  • Empty Weight: 3,703 lb (1,680 kg)
  • Loaded weight: lb (kg)
  • Max Takeoff Weight: 5,363 lb (2,433 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 88 mph (142 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 9,000 ft (2,745 m)
  • Endurance: 2¾ hrs
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis Gun in rear cockpit
    • Bombs: 1 × 14 in (356 mm) torpedo or up to 520 lb (236 kg) of bombs

References

  1. Short Type 184. (2010, October 1). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:08, November 16, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Short_Type_184&oldid=388076721
  2. Guinness Book of Air Facts and Feats (3rd ed.). 1977
  3. Gerdessen, F. (April - July 1982). Estonian Air Power 1918 - 1945. Air Enthusiast (No 18): pp 61-76. ISSN 0143-5450
  4. Barnes C.H. and James D.N (1989). Shorts Aircraft since 1900. London: Putnam. pp. 527, 541. ISBN 0-85177-819-4.

Short Type 320

Short Admiralty Type 320 - 1917
Short Admiralty Type 320 - 1917

The Short Type 320, also known as the Short Admiralty Type 320 was a British two-seat reconnaissance, bombing and torpedo-carrying "folder" seaplane designed by Short Brothers.

The Short Type 320 was designed to meet an official requirement for a seaplane to carry a Mark IX torpedo. Larger than the earlier Short 184 it was a typical Short folder design of the time, with two-bay uneven span wings. Two prototypes were built powered by a 310 hp Sunbeam Cossack engine, and initially known as the Short 310 Type A from the engine fitted to the prototypes. When the torpedo bomber went into production it was powered by a 320 hp (238kW) Cossack engine which was the origin of the name the Type 320.

At the same time as Shorts were designing the 310 Type A torpedo bomber, they produced a similar design for a patrol floatplane, powered by the same Cossack engine and using the same fuselage, but with equal span three-bay wings instead of the uneven span wings of the torpedo bomber, known as the Short 310 Type B or North Sea Scout, with two prototypes ordered.
[Read more]

Short Admiralty Type 320
  • Role: Torpedo-bomber and reconnaissance floatplane
  • National origin: United Kingdom
  • Manufacturer: Short Brothers, Sunbeam Motor Car Company
  • First flight: 1916
  • Introduced: 1917
  • Primary user:
    • Royal Naval Air Service
    • Royal Air Force
  • Number built: 127
  • Powerplant: 1 × Sunbeam Cossack 12 cylinder inline water-cooled piston engine, 320 hp (240 kW)
  • Wingspan: 75 ft 0 in (22.86 m)
  • Wing area: 810 ft² (75.3 m²)
  • Length: 45 ft 9 in (13.95 m)
  • Height: 17 ft 6 in (5.34 m)
  • Empty weight: 4,933 lb (2.242 kg)
  • Gross weight: 7,014 lb (3,188 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 72.5 mph (117 km/h)
  • Endurance: 6 hours
  • Service ceiling: 3,000 ft (915 m)
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • 1 × 1,000lb (450 kg) Torpedo
    • or
    • 2 × 230 lb bombs
    • 1 machine gun

References

  1. "Short Type 320". (2009, December 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:21, December 8, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Short_Type_320&oldid=333372384
  2. Royal Air Force Museum Aircraft Thesaurus http://www.mda.org.uk/aircraft/16000.htm#16023
  3. Barnes, C.H. (1967). "Shorts Aircraft since 1900", pp.130-134. London: Putnam.
  4. Bruce, J.M. "The Short Seaplanes: Historic Military Aircraft No. 14 Part III". Flight (28 December 1956): pp.999-1004. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1956/1956%20-%201835.html.
  5. Bruce, J.M. "The Short Seaplanes: Historic Military Aircraft No. 14 Part 4". Flight (4 January 1957): pp.23-24. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1957/1957%20-%200023.html.
  6. Bruce, J.M. (1957). "British Aeroplanes 1914-18", pp.502-503. London: Putnam.
  7. Jefford, C.G. (1988). "RAF Squadrons", page 138. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1 85310 053 6.
  8. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.

Short Type 827

Short Admiralty Type 827 - 1914
Short Admiralty Type 827 - 1914

The Short Type 827 was a British two-seat reconnaissance floatplane built for the Admiralty by Short Brothers. It was also known as the Short Admiralty Type 827

The Type 827 was a slightly smaller development of the earlier Short Type 166 a two-bay biplane with unswept equal span wings. It had a box section fuselage mounted on the lower wing. The 827 had twin floats under the forward fuselage and small floats fitted at the wingtips and tail. Powered by a nose-mounted Sunbeam Nubian engine with a two-bladed tractor propeller. The crew of two sat in open cockpits in tandem.

The aircraft was not only built by Shorts (36 aircraft) but also produced by different contractors around the United Kingdom, i.e. Brush Electrical (20), Parnall (20), Fairey (12) and Sunbeam (20).

A variant powered by 135 hp (101 kW) Salmson water-cooled radial engine was produced and designated the Short Type 830.

Short Type 830
Short Type 830
Short Type 827
  • Type: two-seat reconnaissance floatplane
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Manufacturer:
    • Short (36)
    • Brush Electrical (20)
    • Parnall (20)
    • Fairey (12)
    • Sunbeam (20)
  • First Flight: 1914
  • Primary User: Royal Naval Air Service
  • Number Built:
    • Type 827: (108)
    • Type 830: (28)
  • Powerplant:
    • Type 827: 1 × Sunbeam Nubian engine 150 hp (112 kW)
    • Type 830: 1 × Salmson water-cooled radial engine 135 hp (101 kW) or
    • 1 × Canton-Unné radial engine140 hp (104 kW)
  • Wingspan: 53 ft 11 in (16.43 m)
  • Wing area: 506 ft² (47.01 m²)
  • Length: 35 ft 3 in (10.74 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
  • Empty Weight: 2,700 lb (1,225 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3,400 lb (1,542 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 62 mph (100 km/h)
  • Endurance: 3 hours 30 min
  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Armament:
  • Guns: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis Gun on flexible mount in rear cockpit
  • Bombs: Provision for light bombs on underwing racks

References

  1. Short Type 827. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:20, November 16, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Short_Type_827&oldid=360038329
  2. Barnes C.H. and James D.N (1989). Shorts Aircraft since 1900. London: Putnam. pp. 560. ISBN 0-85177-819-4.
  3. Bruce, J.M (1956). "The Short Seaplanes: Historic Military Aircraft No 14: Part II". Flight (21 December 1956): pp.965-968. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1956/1956%20-%201804.html.
  4. Bruce, J.M (1957). "The Short Seaplanes: Historic Military Aircraft No 14: Part IV". Flight (4 January 1957): pp.23-24. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1957/1957%20-%200023.html.
  5. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 801.
  6. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.