SPAD A2

SPAD A-II 1915

One of the more outlandish attempts to design an aircraft with forward firing capabilities. The gunner/observer sat in a small cabin that was attached in front of the prop of the engine. There were many problems with this design, ranging from lack of communication between crew members, to a safety issue for the observer. Many of these planes were exported to Russia.

SPAD A2
  • Type: Fighter Reconaisence
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • First Introduced: 1915
  • Powerplant: Le Rhône 9C, air cooled 9 cylinder rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Wingspan: 9.55 m
  • Length: 7.29 m
  • Empty Weight: 535 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 815 kg
  • Max. speed: 112 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 3000 m
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament: 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD A.2, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_A.2"
  2. Bordes, Gérard (1981). Mach 1, "Encyclopédie de l'Aviation", Vol. 8. Editions Atlas.
  3. Connors, John F. (1989). "SPAD Fighters in action". Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0-89747-217-9.

SPAD S VII

SPAD S-VII 1916
SPAD S-VII 1916

The French Air Service replaced the Nieuport 17 with the SPAD S.VII. Although disadvantaged by poor forward and downward visibility from the cockpit, the SPAD S.VII was fast, durable and difficult to shoot down. It was a good performer, flown by nearly all the French aces. However it proved to be less successful in the hands of British, possibly due to the combat tactics employed by the pilots of the Royal Flying Corps. With 18 victories, Irish ace William Cochran-Patrick scored more victories with the SPAD S.VII and SPAD S.XIII than any other ace.

SPAD S VII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • Designed By: Louis Béchereau
  • First Introduced: September 1916
  • Number Built: 3,825
  • Powerplant: Hispano-Suiza 8A, Water cooled V-8, 150 hp (110 kW)
  • Wing Span: 25 ft 7.75 in 7.82 m
  • Length: 20 ft 2 in 6.15 m
  • Height: 7 ft 6.5 in
  • Empty Weight: 1,102 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 1632 lb 740 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 119 mph 191.5 kmh
  • Service Ceiling: 17,500 ft
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × or 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD S.VII, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.VII"
  2. Bordes, Gerard. "SPAD." Mach 1, L'encyclopédie de l'Aviation, Volume 8. Paris: Atlas, 1981, pp. 2173-2187.
  3. Bruce, J.M. "The First Fighting SPADs". Air Enthusiast, Issue 26, April - July 1981. Bromley, Kent: Pilot Press, p. 59, p. 61-62. ISSN 0143-5450.
  4. Connors, John F., Don Greer and Perry Manley. "SPAD Fighters in Action" (Aircraft in Action No. 93). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron-Signal Publications, 1989. ISBN 0-89747-217-9.
  5. Crosby, Francis. "A Handbook of Fighter Aircraft". London: Hermes House, 2003. ISBN 1-84309-444-4.
  6. Sharpe, Michael. "Biplanes, Triplanes, and Seaplanes". London: Friedman/Fairfax Books, 2000, p. 270. ISBN 1-58663-300-7.
  7. "United States Air Force Museum Guidebook". Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975, p. 9.

SPAD S.XI

SPAD S.XI - 1917
SPAD S.XI - 1917

The SPAD S.XI or SPAD 11 was a French two-seat biplane reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War. The SPAD 11 was the work of Louis Béchereau, chief designer of the Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD), who also designed the highly successful SPAD 7 and SPAD 13 single-seat fighter aircraft. It was developed under military specification C2, which called for a two-seat fighter aircraft. As a result of its failure to meet the levels of performance and agility demanded by the C2 specification, the SPAD 11 was used, along with the more successful Salmson 2 and Breguet 14, to replace aging Sopwith 1½ Strutter and Dorand AR reconnaissance aircraft. Persistent problems with the SPAD 11 led to its early replacement by the SPAD S.XVI or SPAD 16 variant.
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SPAD S.XI
  • Type: biplane reconnaissance aircraft
  • Country of Origin: France
  • Manufacturer: SPAD (Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés )
  • Designed by: Louis Béchereau
  • Primary users:
    • France: Aéronautique Militaire
    • Russia: Red Army
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lorraine-Dietrich 8Bb engine 240-horsepower (179 kW)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 9 in (11.2 m)
  • Length: 25 ft 7 in (7.8 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 2 in (2.8 m)
  • Empty Weight: Empty, 1,994 lb (906 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,508 lb (1,140 kg)
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
  • Gun-Pilot: 1 × 0.303 inch (7.7 mm) synchronised fixed forward-firing Vickers machine gun
  • Gun-Observer: 1× 0.303 inch (7.7 mm) trainable Lewis machine gun on a flexible mount

References

  1. Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Museum Website SPAD XVI: retrieved: 06/22/2010 "http://www.nasm.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?id=A19200002000"
  2. From Wikipedia SPAD S.XI, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.XI"
  3. Davilla, James J., & Soltan, Arthur M., "French Aircraft of the First World War." Stratford, Connecticut: Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0
  4. Kenneth Munson's "The Pocket Encyclopedia of World Aircraft in Color BOMBERS 1914-19 Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft", page 143-144.

SPAD S XII

SPAD S-XII 1917
SPAD S XII

The SPAD XII was identifiable from the outside by it's forward wing stagger, rounded ends on the mainplanes. The aircraft was not popular with the less skilled pilots due to it's demanding handling chararistics. The 37 mm cannon was also not suited for pilots that were not exceptional marksmen, it was a one shot weapon that filled the cabin with smoke, needed to be reloaded after each shot while in flight. Georges Guynemer and René Fonck both scored several victories while piloting the SPAD XII.

SPAD S XII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • Designed By: Louis Béchereau
  • First Introduced: 1916
  • Powerplant: Hispano-Suiza 8C, Water cooled V-8, 200 hp.
  • Wingspan: 8.00 m
  • Length: 6.40 m
  • Empty Weight: 587 kg
  • Loaded Weight: 883 kg
  • Maximum Speed: 203 km/h
  • Service Ceiling: 6850 m
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament:
    • 1 ×x 37 mm Puteaux single shot cannon
    • 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun on some versions

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD S-XII, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.XII"
  2. Davilla, James J., & Soltan, Arthur M., "French Aircraft of the First World War". Stratford, Connecticut: Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  3. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p.542-543. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

SPAD S XIII

SPAD S-XIII 1917
SPAD S-XIII 1917
SPAD S-XIII 1917

Equipped with twin machine guns and a larger engine, the SPAD S.XIII was based upon the smaller SPAD S.VII. Built in large numbers, it was fast and powerful but difficult to fly. The SPAD S.XIII was flown by many of the famous aces including Georges Guynemer, Rene Fonck, and also by Italian ace Francesco Baracca. Aces of the United States Army Air Service who flew the Spad XIII include and Eddie Rickenbacker, (America's leading ace with 26 confirmed victories) and Frank Luke (18 victories). Irish ace William Cochran-Patrick scored more victories with the SPAD S.VII and SPAD S.XIII than any other ace.
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SPAD S XIII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • Designed By: Louis Béchereau
  • First Introduced: September 1917
  • Number Built: 8,472
  • Powerplant: Hispano-Suiza 8 BEc, water cooled V-8, 235 hp
  • Wing Span: 26 ft 11 in
  • Length: 20 ft 8 in
  • Height: 7 ft 11 in
  • Loaded Weight: 1,801 lb
  • Maximum Speed: 138 mph at 6,560 ft
  • Service Ceiling: 21,820 ft
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia SPAD S-XIII, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPAD_S.XIII"
  2. Sharpe, Michael (2000). "Biplanes, Triplanes, and Seaplanes". London: Friedman/Fairfax Books, p 272. ISBN 1-58663-300-7.
  3. Bruce, J.M. (1982). "The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps" (Military Wing). London: Putnam, pp. 561-564. ISBN 0 370 30084 x.
  4. Winchester, Jim (2006). "Fighter - The World's Finest Combat Aircraft - 1913 to the Present Day". Barnes & Noble Publishing, Inc. and Parragon Publishing, p.18, p. 23. ISBN 0-7607-7957-0.

SPAD S.XIV

SPAD S-XIV 1917
SPAD S.XIV

The SPAD S.XIV was a single-seat French biplane seaplane fighter aircraft built by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) and flown by the French Navy during World War I. The SPAD XIV was a development of the SPAD XII. It was powered by a 149 kW (200hp) Hispano-Suiza 8 Bc engine. The S.XIV was similarly armed with the 37 mm cannon developed by SAMC for which 12 shots were carried. The cannon fired through the propellor shaft, necessitating the use of a geared Hispano-Suiza aviation engine to mount the gun. The SPAD XIV also carried a single 0.303 inch (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun mounted on the starboard side of the nose. Fourty were constructed and flew in the French Navy during 1918.

SPAD S.XIV
  • Type: Seaplane Fighter
  • Country: France
  • Manufacturer: Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés
  • First Flight: November 15, 1917
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Number built: 40
  • Developed From: SPAD S.XII
  • Length: 24 ft 5 in (7.40 m)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 1¾ in (9.80 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 1 in (4 m)
  • Wing Area: 85.958 ft² (26.2 m²)
  • Empty Weight: 1,698 lb (770 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2 337 lb (1060 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 8 Bc, 200 hp (149 kW)
  • Maximum Speed: 127 mph (205 km/h)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament:
    • 1 × Vickers 7.7 mm synchronized machine gun
    • 1 × 37 mm canon

References

  1. SPAD S.XIV. (2010, March 14). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:24, August 25, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SPAD_S.XIV&oldid=349722825
  2. http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=144&ID_CONSTRUCTEUR=1231
  3. Taylor, Michael J H. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". pg. 835. Portland House, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8