Pfalz Aircraft of 1914

Pfalz A.I, A.II, E.III

Pfalz A.Ib - 1915
Pfalz A.I

The Pfalz A.I and A.II unarmed scouts were copies of the Morane-Saulnier L produced under licence in Germany by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke early in the First World War.

The A.1 was a was a fragile parasol wing airplane. The armed E.III varient became one of the first successful fighter aircraft when it was fitted with a single machine gun that fired through the arc of the propeller which was protected by armored deflector wedges. Its immediate effectiveness in this role launched an arms race of fighter development and the A.I and A.II were quickly rendered obsolete. The A.I used wing warping for lateral control.

Three Pfalz AII's were utilized by the Ottoman Empire in an attempt to combat the growing threat of the Arab Revolt.

Pfalz A.I
  • Role: Unarmed Scout, Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke
  • Introduced: 1914
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: Unknown
  • Powerplant:
    • A.I: Oberursel 1 × U.0 air-cooled seven-cylinder, rotary engine, 80 hp (60 kW)
    • A.II: Oberursel U.I 1 × air cooled 9 cylinder, rotary engine, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 8⅞ in (11.20 m)
  • Wing Area: 197 ft² (18.3 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 6¾ in (6.88 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 10⅝ in (3.93 m)
  • Empty Weight: 865 lb (393 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,491 lb (677.5 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 68 knots, 78 mph (125 km/h) at sea level
  • Endurance: 4 hr
  • Climb to: 300 ft (1000 m): 8 min
  • Crew: 2
  • Armament:
    • A.I, A.2: None
    • E.III: 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Morane-Saulnier L". (2010, September 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:03, September 24, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morane-Saulnier_L&oldid=385501128
  2. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
  3. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing.
  4. Taylor, Michael J. H.. "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: 1989 Studio Editions.
  5. David Nicolle, "The Ottoman Army 1914-1918" Oxford: 1994, Osprey Publishing

Pfalz E.I

Pfalz E.I - 1914
Morane-Saulnier H

The Pfalz E.I was a sport aircraft produced under licence in Germany by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke, who built several variants including: the E.I, E.II, E.IV, E.V, and E.VI. The aircraft was armed with a single, synchronised LMG 08/15 machine gun. A single-seat derivative of the successful Morane-Saulnier G with a slightly reduced wingspan. Like the Type G, it was a successful sporting type in its day.

Variants

  • E.I - Oberursel U.0 rotary engine (60 built)
  • E.II - Oberursel U.I rotary engine
  • E.IV - Oberursel U.III rotary engine (ca. 24 built)
  • E.V - Mercedes D.I water-cooled, inline engine
  • E.VI - Oberursel U.I engine, lengthened fuselage, enlarged tail fin and additional bracing (20 built)
Pfalz E.I
  • Type: Sport aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • First flight: 1913
  • Introduced: 1914
  • Operators:
    • Austria-Hungary: Austro-Hungarian Navy
    • Germany: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberursel U.0 air-cooled seven-cylinder, rotary engine, 80 hp (60 kW)
  • Length: 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.12 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)
  • Empty weight: 188 kg (415 lb)
  • Gross weight: 444 kg (979 lb)
  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Range: 177 km (111 miles)
  • Crew: One pilot
  • Armament: 1 × forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun

References

  1. "Morane-Saulnier H". (2010, September 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:55, September 24, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morane-Saulnier_H&oldid=385618616
  2. "Schneider et hydravions anciens/Dossiers historiques hydravions et moteurs". http://www.hydroretro.net/etudegh/moranesaulnierhydro.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-07.
  3. "Morane-Saulnier Type H". flugzeuginfo.net. http://www.flugzeuginfo.net/acdata_php/acdata_morane_h_en.php. Retrieved 2008-11-07.
  4. Grosz, P.M. (1996). "Pfalz E.I-E.VI". Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire: Albatros Publications.
  5. Hartmann, Gérard (2001). "L'incroyable Morane-Saulnier hydro". La Coupe
  6. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". London: Aerospace Publishing.
  7. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.

Pfalz Aircraft of 1917

Pfalz D.III

Pfalz D.III - 1917
Pfalz D.III - 1917

The Pfalz D.III was a fighter aircraft used by the Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Air Service) during the First World War. The D.III was the first major original design from Pfalz Flugzeugwerke. Though generally considered inferior to contemporary Albatros and Fokker fighters, the D.III was widely used by the Jagdstaffeln from the fall of 1917 through the summer of 1918. It continued to serve as a training aircraft until the end of the war.

Prior to World War I, Pfalz Flugzeugwerke produced Morane-Saulnier monoplane designs under license. These aircraft entered military service as the Pfalz A- and E-series. In September 1916, Pfalz began producing the first of 20 Roland D.I and 200 Roland D.II fighters under license.
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Pfalz D.III
  • Type: Fighter
  • Designed By: Rudolph Gehringer
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • First Flight : April 1917
  • Enterted Service: 1917
  • In Service: 1917-1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number Built: approximately 1010
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIaü, inline watercooled engine, 180 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 10 in (9.40 m)
  • Wing Area: 238.6 ft² (22.17 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.95 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,521 lb (690kg)
  • Max Takeoff Weight: 2,061 lb (935 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 115 mph (185 km/h) at sea level; 102.5 mph at 9,842 ft; 91.5 mph at 15,000 ft
  • Service Ceiling: 17,060 ft (5,200 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 33 minutes to 15,000 ft (4,600 m)
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2× 0.312 in 7.92 mm LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine guns

References

  1. "Pfalz D.III", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_D.III
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 188-189. ISBN 0-93385-271-1.
  3. Grosz, Peter M. "Pfalz D.IIIa" (Windsock Datafile No. 2l). Berkhamsted, Herts, UK: Albatros Publications, 1995, p. 2, pp. 7-9. ISBN 0-94841-425-1.
  4. Guttman, Jon. "Balloon-Busting Aces of World War 1" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 66). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2005, p. 9. ISBN 1-84176-877-4.
  5. Herris, Jack. "Pfalz Aircraft of World War I" (Great War Aircraft in Profile, Volume 4). Boulder, Colorado: Flying Machine Press, 2001, p. 10, pp. 27-30, pp. 61-62, p. 154. ISBN 1-891268-15-5.
  6. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Pfalz Scout Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 71). Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006, pp. 18-19, pp. 45-46, pp. 50, 62, p. 77. ISBN 1-84176-998-3.

Pfalz Aircraft of 1918

Pfalz D.VIII

Pfalz D.VIII - 1918
Pfalz D.VIII - 1918

The Pfalz D.VIII was a German World War I fighter aircraft.

The D.VIII was approved for production arising from German initiatives in 1918 to develop superior fighter aircraft. Its power unit, the Siemens-Halske Sh.III rotary enabled the type to achieve a top speed of 120mph at sea level. Armament was twin 7.92mm Spandau machine guns.

Forty units were completed but as this was very near the end of the war, they were used mostly for evaluation purposes.

Pfalz D-VIII
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke GmbH
  • First Flight: 1918
  • Entered Service: 1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Produced: 1918
  • Number Built: 40
  • Powerplant: 1× Siemens-Halske Sh.III 11-cylinder geared rotary engine, 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 8½ in 7.52 m()
  • Wing Area: 186 ft² (17.2 m²)
  • Length: 18 ft 6½ in (5.65 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0½ in (2.75 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,195 lb (543 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,624 lb (738 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 103 knots, 118 mph (190 km/h)
  • Wing Loading: 8.73 lb/ft² (42.9 kg/m²)
  • Power/Mass: 0.099 hp/lb (0.16 kW/kg)
  • Endurance: 1½ hours
  • Climb to: 19,700 ft (6,000 m) 25 minutes
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: Guns: 2 × 0.31 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. "Pfalz D.VIII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_D.VIII
  2. Cowin, H. W. "German and Austrian Aviation of World War I". Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2000. ISBN 1-841-76069-2
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London:Putnam, 1962, p.509.
  4. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. "The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p.468. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

Pfalz D.XII

Pfalz D.XII
Pfalz D.XII - 1918

The Pfalz D.XII was the successor to the Pfalz D.IIIa series fighter. They were received into service in late summer of 1918. It was a sturdy, agile, and well designed fighter that nearly rivaled the famed Fokker D.VII in performance. Though the D.XII was an effective fighter aircraft, it was overshadowed by the highly successful Fokker D.VII. It was not produced in great numbers due to the amount of time needed to form the plywood fuselage.

Pfalz D.XII
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeug-Werke GmbH
  • Type: Fighter
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: 800
  • Powerplant: 1× Mercedes D.IIIa 180 hp. (134 kW)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 6 in (9 m)
  • Length: 21 ft (6.35 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.70 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,746 lb (792 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,989 lb (902 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 106 mph (170 km/h)
  • Service Ceiling: 18,500 ft (5,640 m)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × 7.92 mm LMG 08/15 Spandau machine guns

References

  1. "Pfalz D.XII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_D.XII
  2. Gray, Peter and Owen Thetford. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p. 191-192, p. 504. ISBN 0-93385-271-1.
  3. Herris, Jack. "Pfalz Aircraft of World War I" (Great War Aircraft in Profile, Volume 4). Boulder, Colorado: Flying Machine Press, 2001, p. 87, pp. 101-102, p. 104. ISBN 1-891268-15-5.
  4. Van Wyngarden, Greg. "Pfalz Scout Aces of World War I" (Aircraft of the Aces No. 71). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2006, p. 85-86, p. 88. ISBN 1-84176-998-3.
  5. Weyl, Alfred Richard. "Fokker: The Creative Years." London: Putnam, 1965, p. 322. ISBN 0-85177-817-8.
  6. Wynne, H. Hugh. "The Motion Picture Stunt Pilots and Hollywood's Classic Aviation Movies". Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, 1987, p. 97. ISBN 0-93312-685-9.

Pfalz Dr.I

Pfalz Dr.I -1918
Pfalz Dr.I - 1918

The Pfalz Dr.I was a German fighter prototype of World War I. Official interest in the potential of the triplane configuration for single-seat fighters prompted Pfalz to develop the Dr.I. It underwent initial testing in October 1917, and an initial batch of 10 aircraft were shipped to the Front and arrived in April 1918.

Service pilots involved in testing the Dr.I considered it too slow and its Sh III engine too unreliable for frontline use and no further examples were produced.

Pfalz Dr.I
  • Type: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Pfalz Flugzeugwerke
  • First Flight: October 1917
  • Introduced: April 1918
  • Retired: 1918
  • Primary User: Luftstreitkräfte
  • Number built: 10
  • Powerplant: 1 × Siemens-Halske Sh.III eleven cylinder geared rotary engine, 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Wingspan: 28 ft 0.66 in (8.55 m)
  • Wing Area: 185.14 ft² (17.20m²)
  • Length: 18 ft 0½ in (5.50m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0.66 in (2.76 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,124 lb (510 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 1,554 lb (705 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 118 mph (190 km/h) 118mph (190km/h) at 13,125 ft (4,000m)
  • Time to: 5,000 m 13.5 minutes
  • Endurance: 1.5 hours
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2 × synchronised LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. From Wikipedia Pfalz Dr.I, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_Dr.I"
  2. William Green and Gordon Swanborough. "The Complete Book of Fighters". Colour Library Direct, Godalming, UK: 1994. ISBN 1-85833-777-1.