Lloyd Aircraft 1915

Lloyd FJ 40.05 - 1915

Lloyd FJ 40.05 - 1915
Lloyd FJ 40.05 - 1915

The Lloyd FJ 40.05 was a very unorthadox Austrian experimental fighter/reconnaisence biplane built in 1915. The design's faults were many and virtues were few. The aircraft never went beyond initial testing before development was halted.

The primary stumbling block to the evolution of an effective fighter aircraft was the inability to fire into the forward arc without losing a propeller. Until the machine gun synchronization was invented, various aircraft manufacturers tried of solutions including pusher engine configuration attaching metal plates to the propeller, firing sideways, mounting a machine gun on the upper wing to fire over the arc of the prop, etc. None of these stop-gap measures proved to be the optimal method to achieve the goal of creating a truly efficient fighter-craft.The Lloyd Company designers tried a radically different approach to solve the problem. In 1915 they designed a two seat aircraft designated FJ (Flugzeugjäger) and received the Austro Hungarian Air Force designation 40.05.
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Lloyd FJ 40.05
  • Role: Fighter/Reconnaissance aircraft
  • National Origin: Austro Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik
  • Designed By: Ing. Melczer
  • First Flight: January 1916
  • Retired: 1916
  • Number Built: 2
  • Status: Prototype
  • Operater: Kaiserliche und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen - K.u.K. LFT
  • Powerplant: 1 × 160 hp (118KW) MAG-Daimler 6-cyl in-line water cooled engine
  • Wing Span: 36.646 ft (11.17m)
  • Wing area:88.58 ft² (27 m²)
  • Length:22.7 ft (6.92m)
  • Height:10.17 ft (3.1m)
  • Empty Weight:1,657 lb (752 kg)
  • Loaded Weight:2,120 lb (962kg)
  • Ceiling:16,404 ft (5000m)
  • Range:310 miles (500km)
  • Crew: 2 (1 pilot, 1 observer/gunner)
  • Armament: 1 × 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun

References

  1. FLUG-Informationen, 41. annual release, issue IV/1991
  2. Jaroslaw Kierat. Lloyd FJ 40.05 The Internet Modeler site http://www.internetmodeler.com/2008/may/aviation/planet_lloyd.php

Lloyd C-Type (C.II, C.III and C.IV)

Lloyd C.III - 1915
Lloyd C.III

The Lloyd C.II and its derivatives, the C.III and C.IV were reconnaissance aircraft produced in Austria-Hungary during the First World War. They were based on the Lloyd company's pre-war C.I design, and like it, were conventional biplanes with swept-back wings.

After the outbreak of World War I, the original aircraft was refined somewhat by Lloyd designers Wizina and von Melczer, featuring a reduced wingspan and wing area but increased weight. An 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun was added on a semi-circular mount for an observer, giving the aircraft a means of self defence against enemy fighters.

Beginning in 1915, one hundred examples of this type were built - fifty by Lloyd at their plant in Aszód, and another fifty by WKF in Vienna.

The C.III was almost identical to the C.II except for the use of a 160 hp (120 kW) Austro-Daimler engine, which increased the top speed to 83 mph (133 km/h) The C.III was produced by both Lloyd and Wiener Karosserie und Flugzeugfabrik (WKF), with total production run amounted to between 50 to 60 aircraft.

Variants

Lloyd C.II - C.IV
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer:
  • Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik
  • Wiener Karosserie und Flugzeugfabrik (WKF)
  • Designed By: Wizina and von Melczer
  • First Flight: 1915
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Number Built:
    • C.II: 100
    • C.III: 50
    • C.IV: 40
  • Powerplant:
    • 1 × Hiero inline engine, 145 hp (108 kW)
    • 1 × Austro-Daimler Inline engine 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 45 ft 11 in (14.00 m)
  • Wing Area: 409 ft² (38.0 m²)
  • Length: 29 ft 6 in (9.00 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 2 in (3.40 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,990 lb (905 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 2,970 lb (1,350 kg)
  • Maximum Speed:
  • Hiero: 80 mph (128 km/h)
  • Austro-Daimler: 83 mph (133 km/h)
  • Range: 250 miles (400 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 9,800 ft (3,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 1,100 ft/min (5.6 m/s)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 1 × trainable 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun for observer
    • Bombs: 200 lb (90 kg) of bombs

References

  1. Lloyd C.II. (2009, September 12). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:31, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lloyd_C.II&oldid=313351507
  2. Grosz, Peter M. (2002). "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One". Colorado: Flying Machine Press.
  3. Gunston, Bill (1993). "World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers". Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
  4. Murphy, Justin D. (2005). "Military Aircraft: Origins to 1918". Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio.
  5. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.

Lloyd Aircraft 1917

Lloyd C.V

Lloyd C.V - 1917
Lloyd C.V - 1917

The Lloyd C.V was a reconnaissance aircraft produced in Austria-Hungary during the First World War. It was a departure from Lloyd's previous reconnaissance types, which had all been based on a pre-war design. The C.V was a more compact and streamlined aircraft with an unusual wing structure.

The design was fairly conventional, ex;cept for the interplane struts. These were arranged in two sets, front and rear, with the rear sets consisting of two struts per wing, and the forward sets of only one strut per wing. When viewed from the front of the aircraft, the rear struts formed a V-shape, converging to the point where they met the lower wings. From bottom wing to top, the single forward struts sloped inwards towards the centreline, matching the angle of the inboard rear struts. The fin was triangular and similar to the unit on earlier Lloyd designs, but featured an extension at the top of the rudder that reached over the top of the fixed part of the fin. With its curved leading edge and scalloped trailing edge, this rudder resembled the tail of a rooster.

The wings departed from the conventional structure of one or more spars surrounded by airfoil-shaped ribs and were built instead from ribs surrounded by longerons that stretched span-wise along the wings. This was all then covered in plywood sheeting. While this made for a strong, light structure, it also meant that repairs to damaged wings were difficult, and proved impossible to carry out in the field. Damaged aircraft were sent to depots for exchange. Another problem was that moisture trapped inside the wings had no way to escape quickly. This could cause the plywood skin to buckle or delaminate.
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Lloyd C.V
  • Role: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer:
    • Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik
    • Wiener Karosserie und Flugzeugfabrik (WKF)
  • Designed By: Wizina and von Melczer
  • First Flight: 1917
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Number Built: 144
  • Powerplant:
    • 1 × Hiero inline engine, 185 hp (138 kW)
    • 1 × inline Austro-Daimler engine 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 1 in (11.00 m)
  • Wing Area: 355 ft² (33.0 m²)
  • Length: 22 ft 6 in (6.85 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 5 in (2.86 m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,900 lb (820 kg)
  • Gross Weight: 2,640 lb (1,200 kg)
  • Maximum Speed:
    • (Hiero) 111 mph (178 km/h)
    • (Austro-Daimler) 83 mph (133 km/h)
  • Range: 160 miles (250 km)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Rate of Climb: 770 ft/min (3.9 m/s)
  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Guns:
      1 × trainable 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun for observer
    • 1 × fixed, forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun in overwing Type II VK gunpod
    • Bombs:
      200 lb (90 kg) of bombs

References

  1. Lloyd C.V. (2009, December 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:38, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lloyd_C.V&oldid=334771034
  2. Grosz, Peter M. (2002). "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One". Colorado: Flying Machine Press.
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.

Lloyd Triplane - 1917

Lloyd Triplane - 1917
Lloyd Triplane

The Austro-Hungarians built many bizzare aircraft, and the Lloyd 40.15 was no exception. The Lloyd 40.15 triplane fighter prototype was a rather ungainly aircraft with a lot of unique features. It had fully cantilevered wings, probably of mixed veneer and fabric construction. It appears that the wings were originally designed to be all veneered with tipperons. Then the wing construction was changed to a veneer/fabric construction. On the middle wing, rotating wingtip ailerons were fitted. The lower wing was mounted behind the undercarriage struts. The plane was powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) Daimler and was armed with twin fixed, forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns, mounted within the pilots reach.
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Lloyd 40.15 Triplane
  • Role: Experimental Triplane Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik
  • First Flight: December 1917 or March 1, 1918
  • Number Built: at least 1
  • Unit: unknown
  • Serial: 40.15
  • Status: Prototype
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler (MAG) six-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine, 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Wing Span: 24 ft 10 ⅞ in (7.6 m)
  • Wing Area: (22.2 m²)
  • Length: 23 ft 3⅝ in (7.1 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 1⅜ in (2.8 m)
  • Maximum Take-off Weight: 1 984 lb (900 kg)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 2 × fixed, forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun

References

  1. Green, William, and Swanborough, Gordon, Fighter A To Z, Air International
  2. Grosz,Peter M. Haddow, George. Schiemer, Peter. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0963711008,
  3. WW1 Aero 71 (dec 78), available from http://www.ww1aeroplanesinc.org

Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer

Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer - 1917
Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer - 1917

The Lloyd Luftkreuzer was a very bizzare and unsuccessful triplane bomber which was first proposed in 1916. It was plagued with design flaws which were never solved to the degree that never let it leave the ground. It never made it past the prototype stage of development.

The prototype Lloyd Luftkreuzer was based on the requirement of LFT (Luftfahrtruppen) to develop a modern and powerful bomber powered by three engines. In August of 1915 LFT approached two compnies, Lloyd and Oeffag Phönix who were awarded funding to construct two prototype triplane heavy bombers. The machine should be driven by one powerful engine in the main hull and two engines in smaller side mounted boom style fuslage. The next requirement was the ability to carry a 200 kg bomb load and endurance of at least 6 hours. Defensive armament would provided by four machine guns, two of the guns should be mounted on the main fuselage and the other two guns would be mounted in the side hulls.
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Lloyd 40.08
  • National Origin: Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Role: prototype bomber triplane
  • Manufacturer: Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik AG
  • Manufactured: 1916-1917
  • Number Built: 1
  • Status: Prototype Only
  • Power Plants:
    • Pusher: 1 × Austro-Daimler 12 cylinder water cooled Engine 300 hp (224 kW)
    • Tractor: 2 × Austro-Daimler 6 cylinder inline water cooled Engines 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 23.26 m
  • Wing Area: 110.0 m²
  • Length: 9.55 m
  • Height: 5.01 m
  • Takeoff Weight: 4840 kg
  • Endurance: 6 hours Required in specification
  • Crew: 4-5
  • Armament: Required in specification
    • Bombs: 200 kg
    • Guns: 4 × 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Knights of the Air Made in Hungary http://www.dieselpunks.org/profiles/blogs/knights-of-the-air-made-in
  2. Lloyd 40.08 Valka Cz http://en.valka.cz/viewtopic.php/t/66002
  3. Grosz, Peter, the Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 2002, ISBN 1-891268-05-8