Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft 1915

Hansa-Brandenburg CC

Hansa-Brandenburg CC - 1915
Hansa-Brandenburg CC - 1915

The first Brandenburg flying-boat was the 3-seat flying boat developed by Ernst Heinkel from a Lohner design and built in small numbers for the German and Austro-Hungarian Navies in 1915. In 1916 Heinkel produced an original design for a single-seat wooden-hulled fighter flying-boat, which he named CC after Camillo Castiglioni, financial controller of the Brandenburg company. The CC was characterized by 'starstrut' interplane bracing like that used for the D.II.

After flight trials with the prototype a single CC was ordered by the German Navy. This was delivered to Warnemunde in February 1917, powered by a 150hp Bz.III engine and armed with a centrally mounted Spandau front gun.
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Hansa Brandenburg CC
  • Type: Biplane Flying Boat
  • Country: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Hansa-Brandenburg
  • Designed By: Ernst Heinkel
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Major Operators:
    • Austro-Hungarian Navy
    • Imperial German Navy
  • Powerplant: 1× Benz Bz.III water cooler six-cylinder inline 150 hp (110 kW)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 6.125 in
  • Wing Area: 285 ft²
  • Length: 25 ft 2.75 in
  • Height: 11 ft 8.5 in
  • Empty Weight: 1,764 lb
  • Loaded Weight: 2,381 lb
  • Maximum Speed: 109 mph
  • Range: 310 mi
  • Wing Loading: 8.35 lb/ft²
  • Power/Mass: 0.063 hp/lb
  • Climb to: 3,280 ft: 4.8 min
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 or 2 × .312 in (7.92 mm) LMG 08/15 machine guns

References

  1. Hansa Brandenburg CC Fiddlersgreen.net.
  2. From Wikipedia, Hansa-Brandenburg CC
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. German Aircraft of the First World War. London: Putnam, 1962
  4. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. The Complete Book of Fighters. New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft 1916

Hansa-Brandenburg C.I

Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
Hansa-Brandenburg C.I

The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was a 2-seater armed single-engine reconnaissance biplane The C.I had several similarities with the earlier B.I, including inward-sloping interplane bracing struts. Like other early-war Austro-Hungarian reconnaissance aircraft, such as C-types of Lloyd or Lohner, the Hansa-Brandenburg C.I had a communal cockpit for its crew. Both the Hansa-Brandenburg C.I and B.I were designed by Ernst Heinkel, who worked at that time for Hansa-Brandenburg in Germany.

The C.I served in reconnaissance, artillery observation and light bombing duties from early spring 1916 to the end of World War I. The aircraft had good handling characteristics. The introduction of more powerful engines improved its performance enabling the C.I to continue service on the front-lines of the Eastern Front.
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Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
  • Type: Reconnaissance aircraft
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Hansa-Brandenburg
  • Designed by : Ernst Heinkel
  • Entered Service: 1916
  • Number Built: 1318
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler water-cooled in-line, 160 hp (120 kW)
  • Wingspan: 43 ft 03/8 in (13.12 m)
  • Wing area: 468 ft² (43.46 m²)
  • Length: 26 ft 10¾ in (8.20 m)
  • Loaded weight: 2,332 lb (1,060 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 78 mph (125 km/h) at sea level
  • Service ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,800 m)
  • Wing loading: (kg/m²)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Crew: 2, pilot and observer
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 1 or 2 × 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun(s)
    • Bombs: Up to 100 kg (220 lb) of bombs

References

  1. Hansa-Brandenburg C.I. (2010, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:35, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hansa-Brandenburg_C.I&oldid=360036356
  2. Munson, Kenneth - "Bombers, Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft 1914 - 1919" ISBN 0 7537 0918 X

Hansa-Brandenburg D.I (Type KD)

Hansa-Brandenburg D.I (Type KD)
Hansa-Brandenburg D.I

The Hansa Brandenburg D-I was a German fighter aircraft of World War I. It was built for Austria-Hungary, some aircraft serving to the end of the war. The D-I was a single seat, single engined biplane, of wooden construction, with plywood fuselage skinning and fabric wing skins. The wings featured an unusual “Star-Strutter” arrangement of interplane struts, where four Vee struts joined in the center of the wing bay to result in a complicated "star" arrangement. The interplane struts themselves were fabricatd from steel tubes.

The Hansa Brandenburg D-I was a very unusual looking aircraft, it had a deep fuselage, which combined with the wing configuration and large engine compartment gave a poor forward view for the pilot and tended to blanket the undersized rudder, giving poor lateral stability and making recovery from spins extremely difficult.

Hansa-Brandenburg D.I
  • Type: Fighter
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer:
    • Hansa-Brandenburg
    • Phonix Flugzeug-Werke AG
    • Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik
  • Entered Service: Autumn 1916
  • Primary User: KuKLFT
  • Number Built:122
  • Powerplant: 1× Austro-Daimler 6-cylinder air cooled in-line, 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Wingspan: 27 ft 10 2/3 in (8.50 m)
  • Length: 20 ft 10 in (6.35 m)
  • Height: 9.15ft (2.79m)
  • Empty Weight: 1,481 lb (672 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 2,028 lb (920 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 116 mph (187 km/h)
  • Max Range: 162 miles (260km)
  • Rate of Climb: 1,000ft/min (305m/min)
  • Service Ceiling: 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
  • Endurance: 2 hours 30 minutes
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1× 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine gun

References

  1. Hansa-Brandenburg D.I. (2009, December 19). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:06, July 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hansa-Brandenburg_D.I&oldid=332619883
  2. Angelucci, Enzo (ed.). "World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. London: Jane's, 1981, p. 43, p.54. ISBN 0 7106 0148 4.
  3. Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. "German Aircraft of the First World War". London: Putnam, 1962, p.64.
  4. Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. The Complete Book of Fighters". New York: Smithmark, 1994, p.83. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
  5. Hooton, E.R. Phoenix Triumphant: "The Rise and Rise of the Luftwaffe". London: Arms & Armour Press, 1994, p.25-26. ISBN 1 85409 181 6.
  6. Williams, Anthony G. and Gustin, Emmanuel. "Flying Guns World War I". Ramsbury, Wiltshire: Airlife, 2003, p.62. ISBN 1 84037 396 2.

Hansa-Brandenburg KDW

Hansa-Brandenburg KDW - 1916
Hansa-Brandenburg KDW - 1916

The Hansa-Brandenburg KDW was a German fighter floatplane of World War I. The KDW - Kampf Doppeldecker, Wasser ("Fighter Biplane, Water") - was an adaptation of the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I landplane and was designed to provide coastal defence over the North Sea and Adriatic.

It was produced under licence by the Austrian manufacturer Phönix from 1916 in five batches, each with different engines, around 60 aircraft in total being produced.

Hansa-Brandenburg KDW
  • Type: Floatplane fighter
  • Manufacturer:
    • Germany: Hansa und Brandenburgische Flugzeug-Werke
    • Austria: Phönix Flugzeug-Werke
  • Designed by: Ernst Heinkel
  • Introduction: 1916
  • Number built: ˜60
  • Developed from: Hansa-Brandenburg D.I
  • Powerplant: 1× Benz Bz.III water-cooled inline engine, 150 hp (112 kW)
  • Length: 26 ft 3 in (8 m)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 4 in (9.25 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
  • Loaded weight: 2,293 lb (1,040 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 93 kn, 107 mph (172 km/h) at sea level
  • Service ceiling: 13,123 ft (4,000 m)
  • Endurance: 2 hrs 30 mins
  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Armament: 1 or 2 × Schwarzlose MG M.07/12 fixed forward-firing 0.312 in (7.92 mm) machine guns

References

  1. Hansa-Brandenburg KDW. (2009, November 8). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:39, August 22, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hansa-Brandenburg_KDW&oldid=324698708
  2. Jackson, Robert, "The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft", Parragon, 2002. ISBN 0-75258-130-9

Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft 1917

Hansa-Brandenburg L.16

Hansa-Brandenburg L16 - 1917
Hansa-Brandenburg L.16 - 1917

The Hansa-Brandenburg L.16 was a single-seat equi-span fighter, developed by Hansa-Brandenburg for the Austro-Hungarian K.u.k. Luftfahrttruppen.It had a distinctive triplane configuration with aerofoil-section I-type interplane bracing struts. The L.16 was powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) Austro-Daimler six-cylinder water-cooled engine. The proposed armament for the L.16 consisted of two synchronized Schwarzlose machine guns. Various coolant radiator arrangements were evaluated on the single prototype built. Evaluation flights proved the fighter did not perform well enough to warrant series production. The development of this design was abandoned.

Hansa-Brandenburg L.16
  • Role: fighter triplane
  • National Origin: Austria-Hungary
  • Manufacturer: Hansa-Brandenburg
  • Operator: K.u.k. Luftfahrttruppen
  • Number Built: One
  • First Fight: 1917
  • Status: Prototype
  • Power Plant: Austro-Daimler six-cylinder water-cooled engine 185 hp (138 kW)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 6 in (9.00 m)
  • Length: 24 ft 8 in (7.21 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 2 in (3.70 m)
  • Wing area: 360.59 ft² (33.5 m²)
  • Take-off weight: 2061 lb (935 kg)
  • Empty weight: 1631 lb (740 kg)
  • Maximum speed: 118 mph (190 km/h)
  • Crew: One
  • Armament: 2 × Synchronized fixed forward-firing 0.315 in (8 mm) Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Hansa-Brandenburg L.16 1917 The Virtual Aircraft Museum retrieved Jan. 11 2011 09:11 from http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/brandenburg_l-16.php

Hansa-Brandenburg W.18

Hansa-Brandenburg W.20 - 1918
Hansa-Brandenburg W.18

The W.18 single-seat fighter flying boat was, like the CC that it supplanted, intended primarily for the Austro- Hungarian Navy. The prototype was flown early in 1917 with a 150hp Benz Bz III six-cylinder water-cooled engine, and production with a 200hp Hiero engine was undertaken on behalf of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, a total of 47 being delivered between September 1917 and May 1918.

Brandenburg W.18: this improved version of the Brandenburg CC had some aerodynamic refinements, of which the most important abandoning the "star" wing struts in favor of more conventional layout. Armament normally comprised two fixed forward-firing 8mm Schwarzlose machine guns

The W.18 was employed for both station defence and fighter patrol tasks. One Benz-engined example was delivered to the German Navy in December 1917.

Hansa-Brandenburg W.18
  • Type: single-seat fighter flying boat
  • Country: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Hansa-Brandenburg
  • Designed By: Ernst Heinkel
  • Primary Operater: Austro- Hungarian Navy
  • First Flight: early in 1917
  • Entered Service: 1917
  • Number Built: 47
  • Powerplant:
    • Prototype: Benz Bz III six-cylinder water-cooled engine 150hp 112 kW
    • Production: 1 Hiero engine 200hp
  • Wingspan: 10.70 m 35 ft 1 in
  • Wing area: 34.38 m2 370.06 sq ft
  • Take-off weight: 1145 kg 2524 lb
  • Empty weight: 875 kg 1929 lb
  • Length: 8.15 m 27 ft 9 in
  • Height: 3.45 m 11 ft 4 in
  • Maximum speed: 170 km/h 106 mph
  • Crew: one
  • Armament: two fixed forward-firing 8mm Schwarzlose machine guns

References

  1. Hansa-Brandenburg W.18 1917 Virtual Aircraft Museum
  2. http://www.luftfahrtarchiv.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=101:hansa-brandenburg-cc-und-w18-&catid=34:germ-planes&Itemid=55
  3. Hauke / Schroeder / Tötschinger, The aircraft carriers of the Imperial troops and Seeflieger 1914-1918, Edition, Graz 1997
  4. Kroschel and Stützer, Die deutschen Militärflugzeuge 1910-1918