Caproni Ca.20

Caproni Ca.20 - 1914
Caproni Ca.20 - 1914

The Caproni Ca.20 was one of the first real fighter planes. Only one was build and first flown in early 1914. It was designed as an offensive weapon platform: A monoplane that integrated a movable, forward-firing 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun two feet above the pilot's head, firing over the propeller arc. The gun had a false sight at eye level so that the Ca 20's pilot could aim through the propeller arc at the enemy aircraft while the gun fired from above. Its 110 hp. (82 kW) Le Rhône, 9 cylinder rotary engine gave the plane a top speed of 102 mph and with its streamlined, enclosed spinner inlet, it was one of the best performing planes of its time.

Caproni Ca.20
  • Country: Italy
  • Designer: Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni
  • Manufacturer: Caproni
  • First Flight: 1914
  • Power Plant: 1 × Le Rhône, 9 cylinder rotary engine, 110 hp. (82 kW)
  • Serial Number: 1
  • Wingspan: 26ft (7.92 m)
  • Wing Area: 144ft² (13.38 m²)
  • Length: 27ft (8.36 m)
  • Height: 10ft ( 2.90 m)
  • Empty Weight: 778 lbs (352.90 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: 103 miles/h (165.73 km/h)
  • Crew: 1
  • Armament: 1 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) drum-fed Lewis machine gun

Caproni Ca.36

Caproni Ca.3 - 1914
Caproni Ca.3 - 1914

The Caproni three-engined bomber appeared in 1914, powered by three Gnome rotary engines. The production version, equipped with three 100 hp fixed in-line Fiat A 10 engines entered service in the summer of 1915, and it was the most effective bomber of any air force, except for the Russian Sikorsky.Ilya Mourometz.

The Caproni Ca.3 was an Italian heavy bomber of World War I and the post-war era. It was the definitive version of the series of aircraft that began with the Caproni Ca.1 in 1914.
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Caproni Ca.36
  • Type: Bomber
  • Country: Italy
  • Manufacturer: Caproni
  • Entered service: summer of 1915
  • Engines: 3 × Isotta Fraschini water cooled V.4B 180 hp (134 kW)
  • Length: (11.05 m )
  • Height: (3.85 m)
  • Empty Weight: (2,650 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: (3,650 kg)
  • Maximum Speed: (37 km/h)
  • Wing Span: (22.74 m)
  • Service Ceiling: (4,100 m)
  • Endurance: 4 hr 45 min.
  • Crew: 3
  • Armament: 3-6 machineguns

Caproni Ca.4

Caproni Ca.4 - 1918
Caproni Ca.4 - 1918

Caproni Ca.4 Series was patterned along the lines of the Caproni Ca.3 series of biplane bombers, the larger triplanes of the Ca.4 series were designed to be more effective in combat. Sometimes armed with up to eight machine guns, these cumbersome bombers were capable of accurately delivering large payloads of bombs to distant enemy targets. Although mainly used at night, they took part in daylight raids towards the end of the war. Of thirty-two Ca.42s manufactured in 1918, six of them were used by the Royal Naval Air Service.
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Caproni Ca.42
  • Type: Heavy Bomber
  • Country: Italy
  • Manufacturer: Caproni
  • First Introduced: 1918
  • Number Built: 32
  • Engines: 3 × Isotta-Fraschini, water cooled V-6, 270 hp
  • Wing Span: 98 ft 1 in (29.9 m)
  • Length: 42 ft 11.75 in (13.1 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 8 in (6.3 m)
  • Loaded Weight: 14,793 lb (6,710 kg)
  • Speed: 78 mph (126 kmh)
  • Service Ceiling: 9,842 ft (3000 m)
  • Endurance: 7 hours
  • Crew: 4
  • Armament:
    • Guns: 4 to 8 machine guns
    • Bombs: 3,197 lb (1,450 kg) of bombs